• seizures
  • These features include the ethnic background of the patient, the involvement of the facio-bucco-lingual and cervical district by the movement disorder, the co-occurrence of cerebellar features and seizures, the presence of peculiar gait patterns and eye movement abnormalities, and an atypical progression of illness. (bmj.com)
  • The term limbic encephalitis (LE) was originally coined by Corsellis in 1968, present with the subacute onset of episodic memory impairment, disorientation and agitation, commonly associated with seizures, hallucinations, sleep disturbance and histological evidence of medial temporal lobe inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frontal lobe epilepsy, or FLE, is a neurological disorder that is characterized by brief, recurring seizures that arise in the frontal lobes of the brain, often while the patient is sleeping. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to the lack of knowledge surrounding the functions associated with the frontal lobes, seizures occurring in these regions of the brain may produce unusual symptoms which can often be misdiagnosed as a psychiatric disorder, non-epileptic seizure or a sleep disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medications such as anti-epileptic drugs can typically control the onset of seizures, however, if medications are ineffective the patient may undergo surgery to have focal areas of the frontal lobe removed. (wikipedia.org)
  • These include Isaacs' syndrome, Morvan syndrome, limbic encephalitis, facio-brachial dystonic seizures, chorea and other movement disorders, epilepsy, psychosis, gastrointestinal neuromuscular diseases, a subacute encephalopathy that mimics Creutzfeldt-Jakob prion disease both clinically and radiologically and autoimmune chronic pain. (nnjournal.net)
  • chorea
  • Four distinct disorders are usually classified as the "core" neuroacanthocytosis syndromes - chorea-acanthocytosis, McLeod syndrome, Huntington's disease-like 2 and pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN). (rarediseases.org)
  • severe
  • The effects of cerebral palsy fall on a continuum of motor dysfunction, which may range from slight clumsiness at the mild end of the spectrum to impairments so severe that they render coordinated movement virtually impossible at the other end of the spectrum. (wikipedia.org)
  • It also may be seen in severe depressive states and schizoid personality disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • psychosis
  • Caselli RJ in 1999 reported five patients, age 54 to 80 years, presented between 3 weeks and 18 months after symptomatic onset of progressive cognitive decline, psychosis, and unsteady gait that proved to be due to a steroid-responsive nonvasculitic autoimmune inflammatory meningoencephalitic syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • syndrome
  • Pleurothotonus, commonly known as Pisa syndrome, is a rare neurological disorder which occurs due to prolonged exposure to antipsychotic drugs (which may also be referred to as neuroleptics). (wikipedia.org)
  • Pisa syndrome is predominantly caused by a prolonged administration or an overly dosed administration of antipsychotic drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) redefined mental disorders in the DSM-5 as "a syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual's cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological, biological, or developmental processes underlying mental functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • severity
  • The onset, severity and specific physical findings vary depending upon the specific type of neuroacanthocytosis present. (rarediseases.org)
  • movements
  • Stigma and discrimination can add to the suffering and disability associated with mental disorders, leading to various social movements attempting to increase understanding and challenge social exclusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • Motor features are typically of myoclonic jerks, predominantly involving the upper body, although also involving the lower limbs, face, and larynx in up to a quarter of cases ( 2 - 4 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • behavioural
  • The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: "Blue Book" (Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines) und "Green Book" (Diagnostic criteria for research) Cochran, Susan D. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are currently two widely established systems that classify mental disorders: ICD-10 Chapter V: Mental and behavioural disorders, since 1949 part of the International Classification of Diseases produced by the WHO, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) produced by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) since 1952. (wikipedia.org)
  • dystonias
  • Studies of local field potentials have also shown an increase of 4-10 Hz oscillatory activity in the globus pallidus internus during myoclonic episodes and an increase of 5-7 Hz activity in dystonic muscles when compared to other primary dystonias. (wikipedia.org)
  • seizure
  • The onset of a seizure may be hard to detect since the frontal lobes contain and regulate many structures and functions about which relatively little is known. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Although the neuroacanthocytosis syndromes are marked by the association of acanthocytosis and movement disorders, acanthocytosis does not occur in all cases (variable finding). (rarediseases.org)
  • While movement problems are the central feature of CP, difficulties with thinking, learning, feeling, communication and behavior often co-occur, with 28% having epilepsy, 58% having difficulties with communication, at least 42% having problems with their vision, and 23-56% having learning disabilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Progressive neural cell loss within cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical circuits, predominantly in the neostriatum (caudate and putamen), leads to this clinical presentation. (bmj.com)
  • Age at onset is strongly linked to the clinical expression of both motor and cognitive features of the disease. (bmj.com)
  • Toward ICD-11: Improving the clinical utility of WHO's International Classification of mental disorders" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Most international clinical documents use the term mental "disorder", while "illness" is also common. (wikipedia.org)
  • whereas
  • Fear is associated with temporal and frontal lobe epilepsies, but in FLE the fear is predominantly expressed on the person's face whereas in TLE the fear is subjective and internal, not perceptible to the observer. (wikipedia.org)
  • peripheral
  • In particular, the present invention includes methods for treating various repetitive and/or injurious motor activity symptoms of certain obsessive compulsive disorders by peripheral administration of a Clostridial toxin. (google.es)
  • Diagnostic
  • Other classification schemes may be used in non-western cultures, for example the Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders, and other manuals may be used by those of alternative theoretical persuasions, for example the Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual. (wikipedia.org)
  • rare
  • Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a rare, painless congenital musculoskeletal disorder characterized by unilateral shortening of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM). (tomsterdam.com)
  • body
  • The obsessions or compulsions can be eye poking, body rocking, finger biting, counting, checking and related disorders treated by low dose, intramuscular administration of a botulinum toxin. (google.es)
  • Primary
  • The studies hypothesize the hyper activation of the cortical areas is due to reduced pallidal inhibition of the thalamus, leading to over activity of the medial and prefrontal cortical areas and under activity of the primary motor cortex during movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • 10 to 15 years with aggravation of dystonic hypertonus. (docme.ru)
  • 4. The method of claim 1 , wherein the obsessive compulsive finger biting disorder is treated for between about one month and about five years. (google.es)
  • 6. A method of treating obsessive compulsive finger biting disorder in a human patient having the disorder, comprising local administration of a therapeutically effective amount of botulinum toxin type A to a hand muscle of said patient, thereby treating said obsessive compulsive finger biting disorder for between about one month and about five years. (google.es)