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  • sugars
  • Fructo-oligosaccharides are made up of plant sugars linked in chains. (webmd.com)
  • Glycosylation sites in O-linked oligosaccharides are determined by the secondary and tertiary structures of the polypeptide, which dictate where glycosyltransferases will add sugars. (wikipedia.org)
  • Core-OS are highly diverse among bacterial species and even within strains of species The core domain always contains an oligosaccharide component which attaches directly to lipid A and commonly contains sugars such as heptose and 3-deoxy-D-mannooctulosonic acid (also known as KDO, keto-deoxyoctulosonate). (wikipedia.org)
  • substrate
  • In N-glycosylation for eukaryotes, the oligosaccharide substrate is assembled right at the membrane of the endoplasmatic reticulum. (wikipedia.org)
  • MOGS is highly specific to the oligosaccharide in its biological substrate in the N-glycosylation pathway. (wikipedia.org)
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction Hydrolysis of the (1->3)-alpha-L-galactosidic linkages of neoagaro-oligosaccharides that are smaller than a hexamer, yielding 3,6-anhydro-L-galactose and D-galactose When neoagarohexaose is used as a substrate, the oligosaccharide is cleaved at the non-reducing end to produce 3,6-anhydro-L-galactose and agaropentaose, which is further hydrolysed to agarobiose and agarotriose. (wikipedia.org)
  • digestible
  • Oligosaccharides are not digestible by human gut enzymes. (livestrong.com)
  • oligosaccharides *are* digestible - by coliform bacteria. (bio.net)
  • 1) Digestible means degraded by enzymes of the host and absorbed, non digestible means that the material reaches the colon 2) coliform bacteria are of no importance to flatulence 3) coliform bacteria (E.coli is the only one in the intestine) do not degrade many oligosaccharides (they do degrade and ferment fructooligosaccharides (FOS, Nutraflora) though) 4) flatulence is mainly due to clostridia. (bio.net)
  • The starch is first converted, by means of simple enzymatic hydrolysis, into high maltose syrup with di-, tri and oligosaccharides (2, 3 or more glucose units) having α(1,4)-glycosidic linkages which are readily digestible in the human intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • maltose
  • Some oligosaccharides, for example maltose, sucrose, and lactose, were trivially named before their chemical constitution was determined, and these names are still used today. (wikipedia.org)
  • mannose
  • Since galactose and mannose are both hexoses, and therefore diastereomers of one another, both permethylated oligosaccharides have the same composition (HexNAc 5 Hex 5 ) and molecular weight (2293 Da). (bio-medicine.org)
  • proteins
  • In addition to being a source of proteins and peptides, milk contains complex oligosaccharides that possess important functions related to the newborn's development and health. (hindawi.com)
  • This review focuses on recent findings demonstrating the biological activities of milk peptides, proteins, and oligosaccharides towards the prevention of diseases of the 21st century. (hindawi.com)
  • structures
  • Glycoproteins have distinct Oligosaccharide structures which have significant effects on many of their properties, affecting critical functions such as antigenicity, solubility, and resistance to proteases. (wikipedia.org)
  • intestine
  • The nondigestibility of oligosaccharides provides a health benefit as they help to feed friendly bacteria, also known as probiotics, in the large intestine. (livestrong.com)
  • Oligosaccharides that are not digested and absorbed in the small intestine, pass through to the colon where they are fermented by Bifidobacteria, thus enhancing the proliferation of the bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • strains
  • During extensive research studies, the Applicant has found that certain oligosaccharides constitute products which can be easily metabolized by several beneficial strains of the skin microflora and of the vaginal flora. (google.com)
  • A substantial gluco-oligosaccharide metabolism by non-pathogenic strains such as Micrococcus kristinae, Micrococcus sedentarius, Staphylococcus capitis, Corynebacterium xerosis and Lactobacillus pentosus has thus been observed during in vitro culture studies. (google.com)
  • effectively
  • With these two oligosaccharides infused together, MS 2 of their doubly-sodiated molecular ions at m/z 1169.5 (Figure 2) produces fragments corresponding to both N 5 H 5 -I and N 5 H 5 -II, with each oligosaccharide effectively contaminating the spectrum of the other. (bio-medicine.org)