• Arctic Ocean
  • Oceanographic measuring buoys were set out in all regions of the Arctic ocean for the first time during this International Polar Year. (enn.com)
  • They are able to drift freely in the Arctic Ocean whilst collecting data on currents, temperature, and salt content of the seawater. (enn.com)
  • These studies will take place within the context of different research projects, all taking place during the International Polar Year: SPACE (Synoptic Pan-Arctic Climate and Environment Study), iAOOS (Integrated Arctic Ocean Observing System) and GEOTRACES (Trace Elements in the Arctic). (enn.com)
  • We demonstrate that the quality of the reanalysis changes when different sea surface temperature products are assimilated, or when in-situ profiles below the ice in the Arctic Ocean are assimilated. (ocean-sci.net)
  • acidification
  • If we can achieve the Paris climate agreement leading to sizeable reductions in CO 2 emissions, we will in turn make substantial progress on Target 14.2 - minimize and address ocean acidification. (undp.org)
  • The shells of tiny sea snails called pteropods, or "sea butterflies", are dissolving thanks to the acidification of sea water brought about to increasing levels of CO 2 in the ocean, according to researchers from the British Antarctic Survey BAS). (theregister.co.uk)
  • BAS says "as a result of the additional influence of ocean acidification, this corrosive water severely dissolved the shells of pteropods. (theregister.co.uk)
  • BAS science cruise leader and a co-author of the paper, Dr Geraint Tarling, says "upwelling sites are natural phenomena that occur throughout the Southern Ocean" but adds his belief that "instances where they bring the 'saturation horizon' above 200m will become more frequent as ocean acidification intensifies in the coming years. (theregister.co.uk)
  • currents
  • Amongst other things, they have found out that not only the ocean currents are changing, but community structures in the Arctic are also altering. (enn.com)
  • The ice cover in the North Polar Sea is dwindling, the ocean and the atmosphere are becoming steadily warmer, the ocean currents are changing" said chief scientist Dr Ursula Schauer, from the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research part of the Helmholtz community, when commenting on the latest results from the current expedition. (enn.com)
  • While some forms are capable of independent movement and can swim hundreds of meters vertically in a single day (a behavior called diel vertical migration), their horizontal position is primarily determined by the surrounding water movement, and plankton typically flow with ocean currents. (wikipedia.org)
  • coastal
  • We support the creation of an enabling policy environment for ocean restoration and protection through the development and delivery of ocean, coastal and linked watershed management strategic planning tools and methodologies at all scales, from Large Marine Ecosystems to SIDS. (undp.org)
  • Stingray Sharks They are mostly found in the shallow coastal waters of temperate sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • Oceanographers on board the research ship Polarstern are investigating the composition and circulation of the water masses, physical characteristics of sea-ice and transport of biological and geochemical components in ice and seawater. (enn.com)
  • In addition, oceanographers have found a particularly high concentration of melt-water in the ocean and a large number of melt-ponds. (enn.com)
  • an area of upwelling, where winds cause cold water to be pushed upwards from the deep to the surface of the ocean. (theregister.co.uk)
  • A "saturation horizon" of 1000 metres is usually the depth at which ocean water becomes sufficiently corrosive to damage pteropod shells, but the sample taken by researchers came from just 200 metres down reached the same level of acidity. (theregister.co.uk)
  • In turn, this will increase wind-driven upwelling and potentially make instances of deep water - which is under-saturated in aragonite - penetrating into the upper ocean more frequent. (theregister.co.uk)
  • Between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, a thin stretch of water known as the Red Sea has been joined with the Mediterranean by the Suez Canal. (reference.com)
  • Their research is focused on analyzing quality and nutrient composition of the water, the distribution of the dinoflagellate Pyrodinium bahamense, and the abundance of "cysts," dormant dinoflagellates embedded in the sea floor. (wikipedia.org)
  • winds
  • Quite how he can make that prediction isn't made clear, but another co-author, The University of East Anglia's Dr Dorothee Bakker, says "Climate models project a continued intensification in Southern Ocean winds throughout the 21st century if atmospheric carbon dioxide continues to increase. (theregister.co.uk)
  • Unfortunately, Dulmo and Estreito, like several other pre-Columbian explorers, were unaware that sailing directly west would result in battling heavy winds, and eventually died at sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • marine
  • These are the initial results from the latest Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research in the Helmholtz Association lead expedition to the North Polar Sea. (enn.com)
  • In September 2015, the international community adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals , including Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development . (undp.org)
  • floor
  • Sea-ice ecosystems in the seawater and on the ocean floor will also be a focus of investigations. (enn.com)
  • Scientists will take sediments from the ocean floor in order to reconstruct the climatic history of the surrounding continents. (enn.com)
  • They live on the ocean floor (approx. (wikipedia.org)
  • By contrast, meroplankton are only planktic for part of their lives (usually the larval stage), and then graduate to either a nektic (swimming) or benthic (sea floor) existence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indian
  • The east-west difference WTIO minus SETIO is a measure of the tropical Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD). (metoffice.gov.uk)
  • Royalty free images: Colorful coral reef, Indian Ocean, Indonesia, Southeast Asia Author: WaterFrameDate: 2006-12-10 Maximum available size: 19.1 Mpix. (tradebit.com)
  • Royalty free: Coral polyps, Bali, Indian Ocean, Indonesia Author: WaterFrameDate: 2006-12-10 Maximum available size: 19.4 Mpix. (tradebit.com)
  • Photo cd: Harlequin shrimp (Hymenocera elegans) Bali, Indian Ocean, Indonesia Author: WaterFrameDate: 2006-12-10 Maximum available size: 19.6 Mpix. (tradebit.com)
  • The Coelacanth (pronounced SEE-la-canth) is a primitive lobe-finned fish that was thought to have been extinct for millions of years, but a living coelacanth was caught in the Indian Ocean off the coast of South Africa in 1938. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • In the East, Africa faces the Indian Ocean. (reference.com)
  • researchers
  • We are in the midst of phase of dramatic change in the Arctic, and the International Polar Year 2007/08 offers us a unique opportunity to study this dwindling ocean in collaboration with international researchers" said Schauer. (enn.com)
  • time
  • Ocean more spent time with Malay, introducing him to his Odd Future collective, while connecting creatively through their respective songwriting, which led to their partnership for Channel Orange. (wikipedia.org)
  • Changes
  • This analysis underscores that achieving SDG14 is extremely ambitious and in several cases achieving its targets requires transformational changes in ocean management and governance, at all levels. (undp.org)
  • book
  • Richard Bernstein reviewed the book for The New York Times, and wrote: "Ocean Sea unfolds in its poetically elliptical way. (wikipedia.org)
  • and there is no other book of sea poetry quite like it. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • Tectonic forces are pulling much of East Africa away from the main continent there, and have already separated India and sent it across the ocean to collide with Asia. (reference.com)
  • Ships and the ocean-sea are the main burden throughout. (wikipedia.org)
  • read
  • Bernstein continued: "This style of writing can be precious, artificial, a kind of verbal craftsmanship for craftsmanship's sake, but generally I read Ocean Sea transfixed by Mr. Baricco's linguistic originality, the boisterousness of his characters, and the skill with which he weaves the threads of a seemingly disjointed plot into a single narrative strand. (wikipedia.org)
  • lies
  • Answer to question 9: Antarctica -- Question 10: Which sea lies between the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus? (telegraph.co.uk)
  • areas
  • Bremerhaven - Large areas of the Arctic sea-ice are only one metre thick this year, equating to an approximate 50 percent thinning as compared to the year 2001. (enn.com)
  • to carry out research on the sea-ice areas in the central Arctic. (enn.com)
  • System
  • It is the only operational, large-scale ocean data assimilation system that uses the ensemble Kalman filter. (ocean-sci.net)
  • We find that the ensemble spread for temperature and sea-level remains fairly constant throughout the reanalysis demonstrating that the data assimilation system is robust to ensemble collapse. (ocean-sci.net)
  • North
  • In May 1566, as relations with the neighboring Timucua Indians deteriorated, Menéndez moved the Spanish settlement to a more defensible position on the north end of the barrier island between the mainland and the sea, and built a wooden fort there. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • However, he was surprised at sea by a violent storm that lasted several days and wrecked his ships further south on the coast. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sound
  • Rather than rely on samples as he had with his mixtape, Ocean wanted to approach sound and song structure differently on Channel Orange. (wikipedia.org)
  • coast
  • This sea reaches from the western coast of Asia to the Strait of Gibraltar, where Africa is nearly in contact with Europe. (reference.com)
  • island
  • Danish and Norwegian: Sankt Croix, Taino: Ay Ay) is an island in the Caribbean Sea, and a county and constituent district of the United States Virgin Islands (USVI), an unincorporated territory of the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • additional
  • to achieve 10 percent, we need to place an additional 1.3 percent of the ocean area under MPA per year thru 2020. (undp.org)
  • days
  • In an interview for The Guardian, Ocean expressed uncertainty about his penchant for darker subject matter, but speculated that "those were the colours I had to work with on those days. (wikipedia.org)
  • largest
  • This area's blend of sea and land holds some of the largest remaining mangrove forests in the Virgin Islands, as well as coral reefs and a submarine canyon. (wikipedia.org)