• coronary heart d
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as coronary heart disease (CHD), occurs when the coronary arteries (the blood vessels that supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle) gradually become narrowed or blocked by plaque (a combination of fatty material, calcium, scar tissue, and proteins) deposits. (livingnaturally.com)
  • bile acid
  • Because taurine has very diverse functions, notably, intracellular osmoregulation and bile acid formation, and is abundantly present in several organs, multiple pathways could be involved. (ahajournals.org)
  • symptoms
  • Other symptoms that can occur with coronary artery disease include shortness of breath, palpitations (irregular heart beats or arrhythmias), a fast heartbeat (tachycardia), weakness or dizziness, nausea, and increased sweating. (livingnaturally.com)
  • A heart attack (myocardial infarction) may also occur, and the symptoms in men and women may differ. (livingnaturally.com)
  • While it produces relatively mild symptoms in taurine cattle, the Jembrana virus is particularly severe in Bali cattle where it has a fatality rate of approximately seventeen percent. (wikipedia.org)
  • As there is no antidote against bufotalin all occurring symptoms need to be treated separately or if possible in combination with others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Has 82% incidence in diagnosis cases) However, in actuality, only a small percentage of patients experience all three symptoms, and the full triad occurs more frequently among those who have overused alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the last stage others symptoms may occur: hyperthermia, increased muscle tone, spastic paralysis, choreic dyskinesias and coma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dysrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD) was shown to occur even before the manifestation of DCM and heart failure symptoms in LMNA mutation carriers. (wikipedia.org)
  • retina
  • Taurine is essential for cardiovascular function, and development and function of skeletal muscle, the retina, and the central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Edema in peripheral areas of the retina goes unnoticed by the patient and may go untreated, whereas edema occurring in the central retina (macula) causes noticeably decreased vision and is the primary cause of vision loss in nonproliferative disease. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • hemorrhagic retinopathy retinopathy marked by profuse hemorrhaging in the retina, occurring in diabetes, occlusion of the central vein, and hypertension. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • leukemic retinopathy a condition occurring in leukemia, with paleness of the fundus resulting from infiltration of the retina and choroid with leukocytes, and swelling of the disk with blurring of its margin. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • amino acids
  • This difference may provide the rationale behind the unique biological nature of taurine which is not shared with other neuroactive amino acids. (ukessays.com)
  • This missense mutation occurs in a sequence of seven amino acids that are included in a group of closely related channels including that of humans and rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • whereas
  • Interestingly, the immature C27-bile acids in DBP and double knock-out mice remained unconjugated in juvenile mice, whereas they occurred as taurine conjugates after weaning, probably contributing to the minimal weight gain of the mice during the lactation period. (kuleuven.be)
  • Latin
  • Taurine is named after the Latin taurus (a cognate of the Greek ταῦρος) which means bull or ox, as it was first isolated from ox bile in 1827 by German scientists Friedrich Tiedemann and Leopold Gmelin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Taurine originated from the Latin word taurus, which means bull or ox, as it was first isolated from ox bile in 1827 by Austrian scientists Friedrich Tiedemann and Leopold Gmelin. (ukessays.com)
  • species
  • Myotonia congenita is a mutation in the genes that effects the skeletal muscles which causes a short term spasm of the muscles after you try to use them.This is a condition that occurs in many species, including humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • sulfonyl
  • Such sulfonate esters are often prepared by alcoholysis of the sulfonyl chlorides: RSO2Cl + R′OH → RSO2OR′ + HCl Sulfonyl halide groups occur when a sulfonyl functional group is singly bonded to a halogen atom. (wikipedia.org)
  • disorders
  • Hormonal disorders, also called endocrine disorders, are illnesses that occur when the body releases too many or too few hormones. (livingnaturally.com)
  • Eating disorders frequently occur along with other psychiatric disorders, such as depression and anxiety disorders. (livingnaturally.com)
  • tons
  • In 1993, about 5,000-6,000 tons of taurine were produced for commercial purposes: 50% for pet food and 50% in pharmaceutical applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • shown
  • Taurine has been shown to reduce the secretion of apolipoprotein B100 and lipids in HepG2 cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent studies have also shown that taurine can influence (and possibly reverse) nerve blood flow, motor nerve conduction velocity, and nerve sensory threshold defects in experimental diabetic neuropathic rats. (anabolicminds.com)
  • Recent animal studies have shown that taurine restores cardiac functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also the zebu bull on the reverse is often shown with a nandipada taurine mark on its hump on the less-worn coins, which reinforces the role of the animal as a symbol, religious or geographic, rather than just the depiction of an animal for decorative purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • lung
  • Until 2010 FCKS was believed to be caused by a spasm in the intercostal muscles, but new data has led to the conclusion that flattening is caused by failure of the lungs to inflate normally or, when it occurs in older kittens, by lung collapse. (wikipedia.org)
  • motor nerve
  • Besides the central nervous system, gliotransmission also occurs among motor nerve terminals and Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • It is important to understand that an eating disorder often occurs as a way to cope with an underlying problem, such as low self-esteem or depression. (livingnaturally.com)
  • During an attack, which may last from 5-20 seconds, the goat can often be picked up without any bending or movement occurring in its body. (wikipedia.org)
  • levels
  • The human fetus has no ability to synthesize taurine, but considerably high levels of taurine have been recorded, and this may be due to a very efficient placental role of taurine in disease prevention. (ukessays.com)
  • Taurine levels were found to be significantly lower in vegans than in a control group on a standard American diet. (anabolicminds.com)
  • among
  • Taurine is necessary for the development and function of many parts of the human body, including musculature, the cardiovascular system and the central nervous system, among others. (reference.com)
  • high
  • The amount of taurine was found to be very high in human breast milk compared to cow's milk, on which a large portion of infants are fed, and this may be due to the high concentration of taurine in placenta. (ukessays.com)