• obese
  • About 32 million more Americans will become obese by 2030, upping obesity rates to 42 percent of the U.S. population, according to a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (yahoo.com)
  • According to Ministry of Health figures , one in every three children in New Zealand is either overweight (22%) or obese (11%), and the rate of childhood obesity has increased from 8% in 2006 to 11% in 2013. (radionz.co.nz)
  • This is also supported by the statistics of obesity, which show that adults (in the US) were becoming more obese from the 1960s, while American children only started to show weight issues from the late 1980s. (radionz.co.nz)
  • Childhood obesity tracks, says Paul Hofman, and an obese youth has a six to seven times higher risk of becoming an obese adult. (radionz.co.nz)
  • Our decision to include Bariatric/Obesity in our Diversity Awareness in Professional Nursing was a "no-brainer" given the emerging evidence that documents discrimination against overweight and obese patients when seeking health care. (nursingworld.org)
  • It is not fully understood why some obese people develop obesity hypoventilation syndrome while others do not. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abdominal obesity is not confined only to the elderly and obese subjects. (wikipedia.org)
  • The obesity paradox (excluding cholesterol paradox) was first described in 1999 in overweight and obese people undergoing hemodialysis, and has subsequently been found in those with heart failure, myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, older nursing home residents, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (wikipedia.org)
  • Leptins interaction with the hypothalamus decreases appetite, therefore a mutation in the obese gene would result in an increased appetite, leading to inevitable obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of obesity in dogs (but not in cats) is related to whether or not their owners are obese. (wikipedia.org)
  • epidemic
  • This latest thematic series in Genes and Nutrition features invited topic reviews by leaders in the field, which focus on established and novel major determinants of the Obesity epidemic such as dietary fat, branched chain amino acids and probiotics, and gene X environment interaction, as well as gut microbiota and microRNA. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Given the growing epidemic of obesity in the United States and the costs to individual health status and the healthcare system, it is our belief that clinical support for professional nurses in this area is timely and needed. (nursingworld.org)
  • Overcoming the childhood obesity epidemic will require changes on the scale of a social movement similar to the shift in attitudes and regulations toward smoking and tobacco. (rwjf.org)
  • Are physicians equipped to address the obesity epidemic? (wikipedia.org)
  • However, it was not until the 20th century that obesity became common - so much so that, in 1997, the World Health Organization (WHO) formally recognized obesity as a global epidemic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in India in the 21st century, with morbid obesity affecting 5% of the country's population. (wikipedia.org)
  • With people moving into urban centers and wealth increasing, concerns about an obesity epidemic in India are growing. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • In 2010 and 2017, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force provided a Grade B recommendation that providers screen children aged 6 years or older for obesity, and provide or refer children with obesity to intensive lifestyle modification programs. (cdc.gov)
  • adipose tissue
  • Obesity is a complex pathology associated with dysbiosis, metabolic alterations, and low-grade chronic inflammation promoted by immune cells, infiltrating and populating the adipose tissue. (biomedcentral.com)
  • And it is waistline adipose tissue (central obesity) which seems to be the foremost type of fat deposits contributing to rising levels of serum resistin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity in pets occurs when excessive adipose tissue accumulates in the body, and is generally defined as occurring when an animal's body weight is at least 20% greater than its optimal body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, as Asian populations are particularly susceptible to the health risks of excess adipose tissue the Japanese have redefined obesity as any BMI greater than 25. (wikipedia.org)
  • Editor-in-Ch
  • Childhood Obesity is under the editorial leadership of Editor-in-Chief Tom Baranowski, PhD , Baylor College of Medicine, Editor Elsie M. Taveras, MD, MPH , Massachusetts General Hospital for Children & Harvard Medical School, and other leading investigators. (liebertpub.com)
  • PCOS
  • According to NIH, obesity causes the amount of cholesterol in bile to rise, in turn the formation of stone can occur Due to its association with insulin resistance, the risk of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) increases with adiposity. (wikipedia.org)
  • It remains uncertain whether PCOS contributes to obesity, or the reverse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Central obesity is a symptom of Cushing's syndrome and is also common in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity in PCOS sufferers amplifies hormonal and metabolic decline, therefore damaging fertility and oocyte quality in women. (wikipedia.org)
  • microbiota
  • Clinicians in the field should understand how a myriad of factors contribute to obesity including: gut microbiota diversity, regulation of food intake and energy balance through enteroendocrine and neuroregulation, and adipokine physiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • early-onset
  • Researchers from the NIH's National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) conducted a study and found that early-onset paternal obesity is connected with an increased risk of liver disease in their kin. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevalent
  • Weight bias, according to a study by the Yale University Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, is as prevalent as racial discrimination in the United States. (nursingworld.org)
  • epidemiology
  • The obesity paradox is a medical hypothesis which holds that obesity (and high cholesterol, when the more global term reverse epidemiology is used) may, counterintuitively, be protective and associated with greater survival in certain groups of people, such as very elderly individuals or those with certain chronic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since body fat can be measured in several ways, statistics on the epidemiology of obesity vary between sources. (wikipedia.org)
  • ganso Epidemiology of obesity FAO (2013). (wikipedia.org)
  • metabolism
  • A 2010 review stated that childhood obesity likely is the result of the interaction of natural selection favouring those with more parsimonious energy metabolism and today's consumerist society with easy access to energy dense cheap foods and less energy requirements in daily life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Polymorphisms in various genes controlling appetite and metabolism predispose to obesity under certain dietary conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • waist circumference
  • However, because BMI is an imperfect method of measuring obesity, critics argue that studies using other measures of obesity in addition to BMI, such as waist circumference and waist to hip ratio, render the existence of the "paradox" questionable. (wikipedia.org)
  • While BMI is the most basic and commonly used indicator of obesity, other measures include waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, skinfold thicknesses, and bioelectrical impedance. (wikipedia.org)
  • anomalies
  • Some other anomalies that were increased among mothers with obesity included septal anomalies, cleft palate, cleft lip and palate, anorectal atresia, hydrocephaly, and limb reduction anomalies. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • The greatest risk factor for child obesity is the obesity of both parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Does Access to Quality Playgrounds Vary with a Child's Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Risk? (liebertpub.com)
  • If we can break that down, if we can reduce the amount of nutrients getting to the child during pregnancy, perhaps, just perhaps, we can modify that obesity risk and reduce the risk for the next generation. (radionz.co.nz)
  • These children are now eight years old and the team is in the process of analysing their risk of obesity. (radionz.co.nz)
  • Obesity is an important risk factor for many chronic physical and mental illnesses that people suffer from. (wikipedia.org)
  • Central obesity is associated with a statistically higher risk of heart disease, hypertension, insulin resistance, and Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (see below). (wikipedia.org)
  • In people with greater degrees of obesity, however, risk of further events is increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence suggests that middle-aged cats and dogs, especially those between the ages of 5 and 10, may be at an increased risk of obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of obesity is determined by not only specific genotypes but also gene-gene interactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • diabetes
  • Childhood obesity however can also lead to life-threatening conditions including diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, sleep problems, cancer, and other disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Having two copies of the allele called FTO increases the likelihood of both obesity and diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity in young children and teenagers is increasingly recognised as a precursor to major adult diseases such as diabetes and heart disease, even if the weight problem itself does not continue into adulthood. (radionz.co.nz)
  • Insulin resistance is a major feature of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (T2DM), and central obesity is correlated with both insulin resistance and T2DM itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanisms
  • A definitive link between obesity and hypertension has been found using animal and clinical studies, which have suggested that there are multiple potential mechanisms for obesity-induced hypertension. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nutrition
  • Rather, they feel as though obesity, as a complex disease process, should be treated by endocrinologists or physicians who have acquired additional training in the field of nutrition. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancy
  • Obesity is related to many complications in pregnancy including: haemorrhage, infection, increased hospital stays for the mother, and increased NICU requirements for the infant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Parental obesity refers to obesity of either parent during pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • child's
  • Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or well-being. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research at the Liggins Institute has shown that many aspects of a child's physiology are programmed before birth and influenced by the mother's diet, and Paul says the same applies to childhood obesity. (radionz.co.nz)
  • complications
  • Initially, treatment should proceed for obesity, then if complications still arise with infertility then progression onto ART is required. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body
  • As methods to determine body fat directly are difficult, the diagnosis of obesity is often based on BMI. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body mass index (BMI) is acceptable for determining obesity for children two years of age and older. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity hypoventilation syndrome is defined as the combination of obesity (body mass index above 30 kg/m2), hypoxemia (falling oxygen levels in blood) during sleep, and hypercapnia (increased blood carbon dioxide levels) during the day, resulting from hypoventilation (excessively slow or shallow breathing). (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is defined as having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is defined as an abnormal accumulation of body fat, usually 20% or more over an individual's ideal body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is usually the result of consuming more calories than the body needs and not expending that energy by doing exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2, and in June 2013 the American Medical Association classified it as a disease, with much controversy. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • full citation needed] Childhood obesity is common among children from, low-income, African American and Hispanic communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some contributors to childhood obesity is that parents would rather have their children stay inside the home because they fear that gang, drug violence, and other dangers might harm them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Childhood Obesity is the only peer-reviewed journal that delivers actionable, real-world obesity prevention and weight management strategies for children and adolescents. (liebertpub.com)
  • In order to break the obesity cycle, his team has been conducting trials that target pregnant women (of normal or access weight) to see if regular, supervised exercise can reduce the birth weight of their children. (radionz.co.nz)
  • Framing obesity as a common threat can lead to consensus regarding the interventions needed to achieve healthier children and communities. (rwjf.org)
  • The association between hypertension and obesity has been also well described in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • Obesity is characterized by a chronic, low-grade inflammatory state which is suggested to play a critical role in the development of obe. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In June 2013, the American Medical Association (AMA) adopted policy that recognizes obesity as a chronic disease, a disease process which requires a range of medical interventions to prevent and treat. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • Obesity increases kids' chances of developing medical problems that can affect their present and future health. (kidshealth.org)
  • The doctor also may order blood tests to look for some of the medical problems associated with obesity. (kidshealth.org)
  • The American Medical Association votes to classify obesity as a disease in a move that will broaden coverage for related treatments. (marketplace.org)
  • In 2013, the American Medical Association classified obesity as a disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • While professionals from different professions (US senators, congressmen and congresswomen, physicians, and medical students) applauded this decision, others were not so eager to categorize obesity as a disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Only a few medical schools and residency programs offer training and education in the field of obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sarcopenic obesity is a medical condition which is defined as the presence of both sarcopenia and obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • excessive
  • Abdominal obesity, also known as central obesity, is when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up to the extent that it is likely to have a negative impact on health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity in pets is usually due to excessive food intake or lack of physical exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • In contrast, obesity advocates have not identified a common threat or mobilized grass-roots change, nor have they identified strategies that resonate across diverse settings and constituencies. (rwjf.org)
  • Obesity is more common in women than men. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Health systems can address childhood obesity through the implementation of best practice guidelines complemented by community- based resources, programs and policies that foster behavioral management strategies that aid children's diet, physical activity, sleep, stress and wellbeing. (cdc.gov)
  • What Health Problems Can Obesity Cause? (kidshealth.org)
  • The generally accepted view is that being overweight causes similar health problems to obesity, but to a lesser degree. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity in Argentina is a growing health concern with health officials stating that it is one of the leading causes of preventable deaths in the Argentina. (wikipedia.org)
  • journal
  • It is the official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity and published on their behalf by Wiley-Blackwell. (wikipedia.org)
  • The journal is one of three journals published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the International Association for the Study of Obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Obesity Society, of which it is the official journal. (wikipedia.org)
  • overcome
  • The Strategies to Overcome and Prevent (STOP) Obesity Alliance keeps subscribers updated with invitations to Alliance events and monthly newsletters that contain the latest in obesity, Alliance and Steering Committee member news. (constantcontact.com)