• Axonal Regeneration
  • The report, entitled "Xenotransplantation of Transgenic Pig Myelin Forming Cells Promotes Axonal Regeneration and Restores Conduction Across the transected spinal cord," is based on research conducted in the laboratories of Dr. Jeffrey D. Kocsis of the Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, and Dr. William L. Fodor, Senior Director of Xenotransplantation at Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and their colleagues. (dmoztools.net)
  • Studies dating back to the 1990s have begun researching the olfactory system of mammals, rats in particular, to gain a greater understanding of axonal regeneration and neurogenesis, and the possible implementation of these cells at the site of the spinal cord injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neurobiology
  • His academic appointments included Professor of Neurobiology, Developmental Biology, Neurology & Neurological Sciences, and (by courtesy) of Ophthalmology. (wikipedia.org)
  • He has been on the editorial board of several journals including serving as a Reviewing Editor at The Journal of Neuroscience for 6 years, Senior Associate Editor at Neurotherapeutics, Associate Editor at the Journal of Huntington's disease, and Editorial Boards for Antioxidants and Redox Signaling and Neurobiology of Disease in addition to several other journals. (wikipedia.org)
  • American Neurologica
  • In the late 1940s and early 1950s, vocal American Neurological Association (ANA) members testified before Congress, arguing that there needed to be such an institute. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ratan is a member of the Sigma Xi, American Academy of Neurology, American Neurological Association, the Society for Neuroscience, American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, the American Society for Neurorehabilitation and New York Academy of Sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • novel
  • The Center for Paralysis Research develops and clinically tests novel methods of treatment for spinal cord injury and the effects of paralysis. (dmoztools.net)
  • Ratan's studies have identified novel transcriptional and epigenetic strategies for limiting neuronal cell death which have identified novel small molecule approach which have been validated in numerous neurological disease models. (wikipedia.org)
  • From 1992 to 1994, he was a clinical fellow in Neurorehabilitation funded by a NIH training award and a research fellow in the Department of Neuroscience at Johns Hopkins where he developed novel data related to programmed cell death and disease with Jay Baraban and Tim Murphy. (wikipedia.org)
  • gout
  • After the development of orthopedics in the eighteenth century, machines like the Gymnasticon were developed to treat gout and similar diseases by systematic exercise of the joints, similar to later developments in physical therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • National Institute
  • Members of the research grants committee of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), which had been founded in 1949, contend that they also helped provide an impetus for the new institute, as when reviewing grant applications they saw a significant number of neurological projects and proposed a separate institute for them. (wikipedia.org)
  • nerve
  • Warren Grill of Duke's Pratt School of Engineering and his colleagues have shown in cats that electrical stimulation can engage the spinal circuitry to effectively empty the bladder, while delivery of lower frequency pulses to the same nerve can significantly increase bladder capacity and improve continence. (medgadget.com)
  • The Duke researchers recently showed in cats that intermittent stimulation of the pelvic nerve that controls the urinary spinal circuitry emptied 65 percent of the bladder volume. (medgadget.com)
  • However, in certain diseases the endosteal and haversian nerve supply seems to play an important role, e.g. in osteomalacia, osteonecrosis, and other bone diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • Bone pain can have several possible causes ranging from extensive physical stress to serious diseases such as cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Injury to the ankle causes a proprioceptive deficit and impaired postural control. (wikipedia.org)
  • result
  • Commonly thought of as destructive, these mercurial molecules cause oxidation that may mutate DNA, and in turn, result in disease or aging. (mit.edu)
  • Chemical changes that occur within the spinal cord as a result of bone destruction give further insight into the mechanism of bone pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • Dedicated to the improvement of the physical quality of life for persons with a spinal cord injury through targeted scientific and medical research. (dmoztools.net)
  • Urology (from Greek οὖρον ouron "urine" and -λογία -logia "study of"), also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary-tract system and the male reproductive organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Repair
  • Spinal Cord Repair: Transplanted cells come to the aid of paralysis victims. (dmoztools.net)
  • The central focus of the Ratan laboratory's work is to understand adaptive programs that facilitate the brain's ability to combat injury and to foster repair. (wikipedia.org)
  • control
  • A similar approach might also have potential for stimulating the spinal reflexes that control locomotion, Grill added. (medgadget.com)
  • cells
  • Several recent studies have reported that preventing OEG inhibition will present a uniform population of cells in the spinal cord, creating an environment in which damaged axons can be repaired. (wikipedia.org)
  • physical
  • Physical therapy attempts to address the illnesses, or injuries that limit a person's abilities to move and perform functional activities in their daily lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the profession's inception, spinal manipulative therapy has been a component of the physical therapist practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • wide range
  • Since it is necessary to understand the normal working of the system to fully define the changes associated with disease, the areas represented at UBC cover a wide range of fields and approaches. (ubc.ca)