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  • Neurophysiologic Monitoring
  • Dr. Nguyen's practice leverages neurophysiology to improve the care of neurologic patients, including the Intraoperative Neurophysiologic Monitoring service, the Stanford Concussion Clinic, and the Spasticity Clinic, which treats patients with spastic paralysis (i.e. from cerebral palsy, stroke, multiple sclerosis, etc.), including the use of botulinum toxin injections. (stanford.edu)
  • tissue
  • Feasibility of Spatially Offset Raman Spectroscopy for in Vitro and in Vivo Monitoring Mineralization of Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffolds. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Investigators have a wide range of options for deactivating neural tissue, and one of the more recently developed methods being used is deactivation through cooling. (wikipedia.org)
  • synchronous
  • Experimental studies have shown that during memory tasks, certain brain structures exhibit synchronous activity which is thought to be correlated with the short-term maintenance of salient stimuli. (archives-ouvertes.fr)
  • The objective of this thesis is to use biologically-inspired mathematical modelling and simulations of neural activity to shed some light on the mechanisms enabling the emergence of these memory-related synchronous oscillations. (archives-ouvertes.fr)
  • The stacked ABR is the sum of the synchronous neural activity generated from five frequency regions across the cochlea in response to click stimulation and high-pass pink noise masking. (wikipedia.org)
  • tracts
  • Magnetic Resonance (MR) Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) is a rapidly evolving technology that enables the visualization of neural fiber bundles, or white matter (WM) tracts. (jefferson.edu)
  • electroencephalography
  • EEG electroencephalography is used for monitoring of cerebral function in neurovascular cases (cerebral aneurysms, carotid endarectomy) and for defining tumor margins in epilepsy surgery and some cerebral tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Electrocorticography (ECoG), or intracranial electroencephalography (iEEG), is a type of electrophysiological monitoring that uses electrodes placed directly on the exposed surface of the brain to record electrical activity from the cerebral cortex. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain
  • The brain is the major target organ of general anesthesia, yet we do not have a standard monitor for drug action on brain function. (asahq.org)
  • The lack of a standard cerebral function monitor likely reflects our incomplete understanding of anesthetic effects on the brain and how best to measure them. (asahq.org)
  • Brain networks have a conserved organization across species and spatial scales that enable optimal information processing among distributed neural network elements. (asahq.org)
  • Thus, global network efficiency in the brain can be deconstructed into the elements of topologic structure and connection strength (discussed further in the Materials and Methods section). (asahq.org)
  • This ensures localized cooling at the tip, which is inserted into the brain to reach deeper structures, without cooling the overlying structures. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgery
  • Haines SJ and F Torres (1991) Intraoperative monitoring of the facial nerve during decompressive surgery for hemifacial spasm. (springer.com)
  • ECoG may be performed either in the operating room during surgery (intraoperative ECoG) or outside of surgery (extraoperative ECoG). (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, Tewari has shown that the operating field has become more visible to the surgeon, unobscured by the copious amounts of blood encountered in traditional surgery and is thus able to view the urological structures under three-dimensional, enlarged magnification. (wikipedia.org)
  • a neurosurgeon performs the rest of the surgery involving drilling into any cavities containing a neural organ such as the pituitary gland. (wikipedia.org)
  • methods
  • Below is a list of current cooling methods, their advantages and limitations, and some studies that have used cooling to elucidate neural functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanisms
  • In this review, we will first discuss the underlying neurobiology of intraoperative awareness, with a focus on mechanisms of arousal, experience, and memory. (asahq.org)
  • 2,6 The nature of anesthetic induction and emergence will be important to clarify for a more precise understanding of general anesthetic mechanisms as well as for the development of more sophisticated intraoperative neurophysiologic monitors. (asahq.org)
  • function
  • Ferrier and Horsley employed CSM to further grasp the structure and function of the pre-Rolandic and post-Rolandic areas, also known as the pre central gyrus and post central gyrus. (wikipedia.org)
  • activity
  • an attempt to record the sum of the neural activity across the entire frequency region of the cochlea in response to a click stimuli. (wikipedia.org)
  • further
  • The destruction of bone and the resultant deformity not only present a problem of altered biomechanics as in rest of skeleton, spinal tuberculosis is further complicated by the presence of neural structures in the vicinity. (springer.com)
  • measure
  • Using depth electrodes, the local field potential gives a measure of a neural population in a sphere with a radius of 0.5-3 mm around the tip of the electrode. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • The ABR is used for newborn hearing screening, auditory threshold estimation, intraoperative monitoring, determining hearing loss type and degree, and auditory nerve and brainstem lesion detection, and in development of cochlear implants. (wikipedia.org)
  • type
  • The ABR is used for newborn hearing screening, auditory threshold estimation, intraoperative monitoring, determining hearing loss type and degree, and auditory nerve and brainstem lesion detection, and in development of cochlear implants. (wikipedia.org)