• clinical
  • 2 Unlike the connotation of "awareness" in cognitive science, the meaning of this term in a clinical context generally refers to both consciousness and explicit recall of intraoperative events. (asahq.org)
  • We will then discuss the clinical aspects of intraoperative awareness in adult patients, including incidence, risk factors, sequelae, and prevention. (asahq.org)
  • tracts
  • Magnetic Resonance (MR) Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) is a rapidly evolving technology that enables the visualization of neural fiber bundles, or white matter (WM) tracts. (jefferson.edu)
  • tissue
  • Feasibility of Spatially Offset Raman Spectroscopy for in Vitro and in Vivo Monitoring Mineralization of Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffolds. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Investigators have a wide range of options for deactivating neural tissue, and one of the more recently developed methods being used is deactivation through cooling. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgery
  • EEG electroencephalography is used for monitoring of cerebral function in neurovascular cases (cerebral aneurysms, carotid endarectomy) and for defining tumor margins in epilepsy surgery and some cerebral tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The potential for reduced visual information during minimally invasive thyroid and parathyroid surgery procedure has led to the great application of neural monitoring in those cases. (springer.com)
  • Terris DJ, Anderson SK, Watts TL, Chin E (2007) Laryngeal nerve monitoring and minimally invasive thyroid surgery: complementary technologies. (springer.com)
  • Echocardiographic monitoring during fetal surgery is an important adjunct in the management of these patients. (ahajournals.org)
  • We have systematically performed serial fetal echocardiography in our patients undergoing fetal surgery, with a focus on direct intraoperative echocardiography and early follow-up. (ahajournals.org)
  • Delaying surgery may be indicated if: CT scan demonstrates a cross-sectional tracheal area less than 50% normal or if vascular structures are compressed. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • ECoG may be performed either in the operating room during surgery (intraoperative ECoG) or outside of surgery (extraoperative ECoG). (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, Tewari has shown that the operating field has become more visible to the surgeon, unobscured by the copious amounts of blood encountered in traditional surgery and is thus able to view the urological structures under three-dimensional, enlarged magnification. (wikipedia.org)
  • a neurosurgeon performs the rest of the surgery involving drilling into any cavities containing a neural organ such as the pituitary gland. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain
  • The lack of a standard cerebral function monitor likely reflects our incomplete understanding of anesthetic effects on the brain and how best to measure them. (asahq.org)
  • Brain networks have a conserved organization across species and spatial scales that enable optimal information processing among distributed neural network elements. (asahq.org)
  • Thus, global network efficiency in the brain can be deconstructed into the elements of topologic structure and connection strength (discussed further in the Materials and Methods section). (asahq.org)
  • Electrocorticography (ECoG), or intracranial electroencephalography (iEEG), is a type of electrophysiological monitoring that uses electrodes placed directly on the exposed surface of the brain to record electrical activity from the cerebral cortex. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimulation
  • The use of a flexible tip of a monopolar stimulation probe allows good access to neural structures in areas outside the surgeon's field of view. (springer.com)
  • The stacked ABR is the sum of the synchronous neural activity generated from five frequency regions across the cochlea in response to click stimulation and high-pass pink noise masking. (wikipedia.org)
  • skull
  • Looking at the structure of the skull without operating became possible with the advent of X-ray machines in 1896. (wikipedia.org)
  • experience
  • In this review, we will first discuss the underlying neurobiology of intraoperative awareness, with a focus on mechanisms of arousal, experience, and memory. (asahq.org)
  • To improve our intraoperative monitoring capabilities, we must better understand the underlying neurobiology of intraoperative awareness: arousal and experience (which together constitute consciousness), as well as explicit recall. (asahq.org)
  • methods
  • Below is a list of current cooling methods, their advantages and limitations, and some studies that have used cooling to elucidate neural functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • All patients should have CXR and CT scan to evaluate the position of the mass relative to other mediastinal structures including the heart, great vessels and large airways. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • measure
  • Using depth electrodes, the local field potential gives a measure of a neural population in a sphere with a radius of 0.5-3 mm around the tip of the electrode. (wikipedia.org)
  • record
  • an attempt to record the sum of the neural activity across the entire frequency region of the cochlea in response to a click stimuli. (wikipedia.org)
  • elements
  • 8,9 Recently, in utero repair of myelomeningocele (MMC) has been performed with the goal of protecting developing neural elements from potential trauma of exposure to the intrauterine environment. (ahajournals.org)
  • type
  • The ABR is used for newborn hearing screening, auditory threshold estimation, intraoperative monitoring, determining hearing loss type and degree, and auditory nerve and brainstem lesion detection, and in development of cochlear implants. (wikipedia.org)
  • less
  • CT and CT myelography are other options and were used prior to the advent of MRI, but they characterize syringomyelia and other neural abnormalities less well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Middle
  • Middle (bronchogenic cysts, granulomas, and lymphomas) and posterior mediastinal masses (enteric cysts, duplications, neuroblastomas, neurofibromas, and ganglioneuromas) are not usually symptomatic from compression of anatomic structures. (renalandurologynews.com)