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  • tubules
  • Inside one's kidneys, the salt particles (sodium and chloride or NaCl), water and other minute molecules are filtered out of the blood and into the kidney tubules, that is, under normal circumstances. (planet-iran.com)
  • Inside the kidneys, salt which is made up of chloride and sodium components along with water and other tiny molecules are typically filtered out or separated from the blood and then brought into the kidney tubules. (civilwarwisconsin.com)
  • As reflected in their cylindrical form, casts are generated in the small distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts of the kidney, and generally maintain their shape and composition as they pass through the urinary system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fluid
  • This lowers blood pressure and prevents excess fluid accumulation in heart failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Via one or more of these mechanisms, the kidney participates in the control of the volume of various body fluid compartments, fluid osmolality, acid-base balance, various electrolyte concentrations, and removal of toxins. (wikipedia.org)
  • A few other characteristics seen in nephrotic syndrome are: The most common sign is excess fluid in the body due to the serum hypoalbuminemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • liver
  • The asymmetry within the abdominal cavity, caused by the position of the liver, typically results in the right kidney being slightly lower and smaller than the left, and being placed slightly more to the middle than the left kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • The right kidney sits just below the diaphragm and posterior to the liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • The superior pole of the right kidney is adjacent to the liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • sodium
  • The primary target of all thiazide diuretics, including metolazone, is the distal convoluted tubule, part of the nephron in the kidney, where they inhibit the sodium-chloride symporter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Severe
  • In mild heart failure, metolazone or another diuretic may be used alone, or combined with other diuretics for moderate or severe heart failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Excreted by tubular secretion, therefore in severe kidney impairment (GFR 5-10 ml/min) lower doses are required due to accumulation in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Complications
  • Complications of chronic disease may include heart disease, high blood pressure, or anemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • General renoprotective measures and the treatment of the complications of nephrotic syndrome and kidney failure are adjunctive. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaccination campaigns usually focus special attention on people who are at high risk of serious complications if they catch the flu, such as pregnant women, children over six months, the elderly, and people with chronic illnesses or weakened immune systems, as well as those to whom they are exposed, such as health care workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • potassium
  • Patients may also take iron supplements, potassium chloride, thyroxine and other vitamins to replenish what minerals the kidneys have leaked out. (wikipedia.org)
  • abdominal cavity
  • In humans, the kidneys are located high in the abdominal cavity, one on each side of the spine, and lie in a retroperitoneal position at a slightly oblique angle. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • This can result in: Feeling tired or weak Memory problems Difficulty concentrating Dizziness Low blood pressure Normally, proteins are too large to pass through the kidneys, however, they are able to pass through when the glomeruli are damaged. (wikipedia.org)
  • organs
  • The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs found on the left and right sides of the body in vertebrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Systemic sclerosis (progressive systemic scleroderma), a rare, chronic disease which affects the skin, and in some cases also blood vessels and internal organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Like AKI, AoCRF can be difficult to distinguish from chronic kidney disease if the patient has not been monitored by a physician and no baseline (i.e., past) blood work is available for comparison. (wikipedia.org)
  • When kidneys fail to filter properly, waste accumulates in the blood and the body, a condition called azotemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the kidneys fail, they produce less erythropoietin, resulting in decreased production of red blood cells to replace the natural breakdown of old red blood cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Accupril (Quinapril) is used for lowering high blood pressure and managing heart failure. (reliablemedpharmacy.com)
  • Altace (Ramipril) is used for the treatment of heart failure and high blood pressure (hypertension). (blogspot.com)
  • Coreg (Carvedilol) is used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. (blogspot.com)
  • Atacand (Candesartan) treats high blood pressure and heart failure. (blogspot.com)
  • Zestril (Lisinopril) is used for treating high blood pressure and heart failure. (blogspot.com)
  • inhibitor is useful for treating high blood pressure and even some kinds of chronic heart failure. (haswi.ml)
  • The kidney has functions of balancing water-electrolyte, cleaning metabolism wastes of human body, keeping acid-base balance, secreting necessary elements to body, adjusting blood pressure and so on. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
  • High blood pressure is a common symptom of Chronic Kidney Failure, because kidney is responsible for adjusting blood pressure, and the d. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
  • Filtration occurs in the glomerulus: one-fifth of the blood volume that enters the kidneys is filtered. (wikipedia.org)
  • serum
  • The acute part of AoCRF may be reversible, and the goal of treatment, as with AKI, is to return the patient to baseline kidney function, typically measured by serum creatinine. (wikipedia.org)