• tubules
  • Inside one's kidneys, the salt particles (sodium and chloride or NaCl), water and other minute molecules are filtered out of the blood and into the kidney tubules, that is, under normal circumstances. (planet-iran.com)
  • Inside the kidneys, salt which is made up of chloride and sodium components along with water and other tiny molecules are typically filtered out or separated from the blood and then brought into the kidney tubules. (civilwarwisconsin.com)
  • Interstitial nephritis (or tubulo-interstitial nephritis) is a form of nephritis affecting the interstitium of the kidneys surrounding the tubules, i.e., is inflammation of the spaces between renal tubules. (wikipedia.org)
  • As reflected in their cylindrical form, casts are generated in the small distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts of the kidney, and generally maintain their shape and composition as they pass through the urinary system. (wikipedia.org)
  • This form of nephropathy is "chronic analgesic nephritis," a chronic inflammatory change characterized by loss and atrophy of tubules and interstitial fibrosis and inflammation (BRS Pathology, 2nd edition). (wikipedia.org)
  • congestive heart f
  • Aldactone (Spironolactone) is a potassium-sparing diuretic used to treat congestive heart failure or high blood pressure. (blogspot.com)
  • But if the heart begins to fail (a condition known as congestive heart failure) the pressure changes can cause very severe water retention. (wikipedia.org)

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  • sodium
  • The primary target of all thiazide diuretics, including metolazone, is the distal convoluted tubule, part of the nephron in the kidney, where they inhibit the sodium-chloride symporter. (wikipedia.org)
  • pyelonephritis
  • This is actually a heterogeneous group including numerous causes such as Toxins and drugs such as heroin and pamidronate Familial forms Secondary to nephron loss and hyperfiltration, such as with chronic pyelonephritis and reflux, morbid obesity, diabetes mellitus There are many other classification schemes also. (wikipedia.org)
  • Complications
  • General renoprotective measures and the treatment of the complications of nephrotic syndrome and kidney failure are adjunctive. (wikipedia.org)
  • If Renal Failure can not be treated in time, complications may occur, such as nerve system problems, digestive system problems, and problems on cardiovascular system, respiratory system and so on. (kidney-support.org)
  • Vaccination campaigns usually focus special attention on people who are at high risk of serious complications if they catch the flu, such as pregnant women, children over six months, the elderly, and people with chronic illnesses or weakened immune systems, as well as those to whom they are exposed, such as health care workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Severe
  • In mild heart failure, metolazone or another diuretic may be used alone, or combined with other diuretics for moderate or severe heart failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Excreted by tubular secretion, therefore in severe kidney impairment (GFR 5-10 ml/min) lower doses are required due to accumulation in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • toxins
  • Renal insufficiency means the kidneys can not work well to filter the extra water and toxins from the blood as it should do. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
  • 1. Dialysis only can clean the micromolecule toxins in blood and fail to remove the macromolecule toxins and middle molecule toxins, so the kidney damage and other damage are continuing. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
  • blood
  • When kidneys fail to filter properly, waste accumulates in the blood and the body, a condition called azotemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the kidneys fail, they produce less erythropoietin, resulting in decreased production of red blood cells to replace the natural breakdown of old red blood cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Located behind the abdominal cavity in the retroperitoneum, the kidneys receive blood from the paired renal arteries, and drain into the paired renal veins. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Blood purification for treatment of children with renal failure was safe and effective, The scavenging effects of BPT on serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, uric acid, TNF-α and TGF-β 1 were obvious. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Some studies showed that blood purification in the treatment of renal failure not only affects the metabolites, but also affects the inflammatory state, so patients undergoing blood purification could obtain greater benefits. (alliedacademies.org)
  • However, Children had lighter weight, smaller blood volumes and the causes of renal failure were complex, so its clinical application in children was difference from adults, the choice of BPT and hypotension during dialysis were problems appeared frequently [ 9 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
  • The kidney has functions of balancing water-electrolyte, cleaning metabolism wastes of human body, keeping acid-base balance, secreting necessary elements to body, adjusting blood pressure and so on. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
  • In the kidney, blood is filtered into the lumen, or open space, of the nephron tubule. (wikipedia.org)