• water
  • A countercurrent system in the renal medulla provides the mechanism for generating a hypertonic interstitium, which allows the recovery of solute-free water from within the nephron and returning it to the venous vasculature when appropriate. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • The greater gradient in the deep medulla make this type of nephron do more "work" than more shallow nephrons, and their vertical nature makes them easier to illustrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Many constituents of the blood are filtered from the glomerulus into the Bowman's capsule at one end of the nephron. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Results
  • We present some simulation results from models of non-interacting as well as coupled nephrons and compare these with results from analysis of experimental data. (springer.com)