• distal
  • This is not to ignore the fact that distal portions of the nephron may enhance their rate of Na+ and fluid transport when Na+ and fluid escape proximal reabsorption, and that the fine adjustment of salt and water balance is regulated within the distal nephron. (springer.com)
  • Epithelial sodium channels facilitate Na⁺ reabsorption across the apical membranes of epithelia in the distal nephron, respiratory and reproductive tracts and exocrine glands. (wikipedia.org)
  • Distal RTA is characterized by a failure of acid secretion by the alpha intercalated cells of the cortical collecting duct of the distal nephron. (wikipedia.org)
  • renal medulla
  • A countercurrent system in the renal medulla provides the mechanism for generating a hypertonic interstitium, which allows the recovery of solute-free water from within the nephron and returning it to the venous vasculature when appropriate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medullary refers to the renal medulla, while the juxta (Latin: near) refers to the relative position of the renal corpuscle, which in these nephrons are near the medulla (but still in cortex. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • The greater gradient in the deep medulla make this type of nephron do more "work" than more shallow nephrons, and their vertical nature makes them easier to illustrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Many constituents of the blood are filtered from the glomerulus into the Bowman's capsule at one end of the nephron. (encyclopedia.com)