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  • renal medulla
  • A countercurrent system in the renal medulla provides the mechanism for generating a hypertonic interstitium, which allows the recovery of solute-free water from within the nephron and returning it to the venous vasculature when appropriate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medullary refers to the renal medulla, while the juxta (Latin: near) refers to the relative position of the renal corpuscle, which in these nephrons are near the medulla (but still in cortex. (wikipedia.org)
  • segments
  • In the absence of HNF1β early nephron precursors gave rise to deformed S-shaped bodies characterized by the absence of the typical bulge of epithelial cells at the bend between the mid and lower segments. (biologists.org)
  • human
  • Low birth weight is the strongest current clinical surrogate marker for an adverse intrauterine environment and, based on animal and human studies, is associated with a low nephron number. (harvard.edu)
  • development
  • therefore adequate prenatal care and careful postnatal nutrition are crucial to optimize an individual's nephron number during development and potentially to stem the tide of the growing cardiovascular and renal disease epidemics worldwide. (harvard.edu)
  • work
  • The greater gradient in the deep medulla make this type of nephron do more "work" than more shallow nephrons, and their vertical nature makes them easier to illustrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • This nephron diagram crossword is a great way to help review and reinforce the terminology associated with diagrams, especially those found in any anatomy or body systems unit. (teacherspayteachers.com)
  • eventually
  • Nephron will definitely be a leader in 503B outsourcing facilities within the United States and eventually around the world. (kununu.com)
  • cells
  • Using in vitro nephrogenic zone culture, we have studied the responsiveness of individual cap compartments to inductive signaling and defined signals that drive the transition of cells through sequential compartments toward nephron differentiation. (pnas.org)
  • rise
  • The collecting duct provides survival, proliferation, and differentiation signals to the cap mesenchyme, which ultimately gives rise to all epithelial components of the nephron ( 6 ⇓ - 8 ). (pnas.org)
  • include
  • In addition to nephron number, other programmed factors associated with the increased risk of hypertension include salt sensitivity, altered expression of renal sodium transporters, altered vascular reactivity, and sympathetic nervous system overactivity. (harvard.edu)