• cancers
  • Radiation therapy is synergistic with chemotherapy, and has been used before, during, and after chemotherapy in susceptible cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brachytherapy, in which a radioactive source is placed inside or next to the area requiring treatment, is another form of radiation therapy that minimizes exposure to healthy tissue during procedures to treat cancers of the breast, prostate and other organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Different cancers respond to radiation therapy in different ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • The majority of epithelial cancers are only moderately radiosensitive, and require a significantly higher dose of radiation (60-70 Gy) to achieve a radical cure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Combining radiation therapy with immunotherapy is an active area of investigation and has shown some promise for melanoma and other cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tumor
  • Here we assessed the genetic control of stromal mediation of mammary tumor susceptibility to low dose ionizing radiation (LDIR) using backcrossed F1 into BALB/c (F1Bx) between cancer susceptible (BALB/c) and resistant (SPRET/EiJ) mouse strains. (nih.gov)
  • The most common radiation treatment is plaque brachytherapy, in which a small disc-shaped shield (plaque) encasing radioactive seeds (most often Iodine-125, though Ruthenium-106 and Palladium-103 are also used) is attached to the outside surface of the eye, overlying the tumor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radiation therapy is commonly applied to the cancerous tumor because of its ability to control cell growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • To spare normal tissues (such as skin or organs which radiation must pass through to treat the tumor), shaped radiation beams are aimed from several angles of exposure to intersect at the tumor, providing a much larger absorbed dose there than in the surrounding, healthy tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important to distinguish the radiosensitivity of a particular tumor, which to some extent is a laboratory measure, from the radiation "curability" of a cancer in actual clinical practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • Heating the tumor by Radio Frequency (RF) or Microwave energy increases oxygen content in the tumor site, which results in increased response during radiation or chemotherapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The organization's most recent grade in 2007 assigned astroblastoma as a high-grade III and grade IV neoplasm, signifying that the glial tumor is dangerous for patients, causing fatal problems even after surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carcinoma
  • This mutant fusion gene also occurs in congenital fibrosarcoma, congenital mesoblastic nephroma, secretory breast cancer (also termed juvenile breast cancer), acute myelogenous leukemia, ALK-negative Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour, and radiation-induced papillary thyroid carcinoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • adjuvant
  • Hyperthermia therapy or heat therapy is also a kind of adjuvant therapy that is given along with radiation or chemotherapy to boost the effects of these conventional treatments. (wikipedia.org)
  • oncology
  • Radiation oncology is the medical specialty concerned with prescribing radiation, and is distinct from radiology, the use of radiation in medical imaging and diagnosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • He completed a residency at the University of Wisconsin, where he was chief resident in radiation oncology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mehta is currently deputy director and chief of radiation oncology at Miami Cancer Institute at Baptist Health South Florida. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to this till 2013 at Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University in Chicago, he was co-director of the Radiation Oncology Residency Training Program, mentoring many young physicians who have gone on to become prominent leaders in the field. (wikipedia.org)
  • After completing his internship and a year of residency training, he enrolled in the Radiation Oncology Residency Program at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, which he completed in 1988. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapies
  • Advances in radiation therapies have significantly decreased the number of patients treated by enucleation in developed countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concomitant or concurrent systemic cancer therapy refers to administering medical treatments at the same time as other therapies, such as radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally
  • Additionally, UV radiation would cause the down-regulation of an angiogenesis inhibitor, thrombospondin-1, and the up-regulation of an angiogenesis activator which is platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor, in keratinocytes. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapy
  • mastectomy versus lumpectomy and radiation therapy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Averback P (1978) Mixed intracranial sarcomas: rare forms and a new association with previous radiation therapy. (springer.com)
  • Participants will be diagnosed with localized prostate or breast cancer and be scheduled to undergo external beam radiation therapy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To determine if Organic germanium is effective in decreasing severity of fatigue in patients undergoing definitive radiation therapy for prostate or breast cancer at the one month follow-up visit. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Radiation therapy may be curative in a number of types of cancer if they are localized to one area of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most common cancer types can be treated with radiation therapy in some way. (wikipedia.org)
  • Total body irradiation (TBI) is a radiation therapy technique used to prepare the body to receive a bone marrow transplant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Renal cell cancer and melanoma are generally considered to be radioresistant but radiation therapy is still a palliative option for many patients with metastatic melanoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, leukemias are not generally curable with radiation therapy, because they are disseminated through the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the exception of WHO grade III anaplastic ganglioglioma, radiation therapy is generally regarded to have no role in the treatment of ganglioglioma. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, Hyperthermia is added twice a week to radiation therapy for the full course of the treatment in many cancer centers, and the challenge is to increase its use around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Local
  • It has been reported that UV radiation leads to local and systemic immunosuppression, due to DNA damage and altered cytokine expression. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if acupuncture can help to prevent xerostomia (dry mouth) and improve the quality of life in patients who receive radiation treatment to the head and neck. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Dry mouth is a common problem among cancer patients who have received radiation treatment to the head and neck. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Patients who developed these transformations have generally been treated similarly to patients who have the same hematological neoplasms but on a non-familial basis. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • It is nearly impossible to differentiate ganglioglioma from other more common intramedullary neoplasms based on imaging alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • cell
  • TP53 typically become expressed due to cellular stressors, such as DNA damage, and can halt the cell cycle to assist with either the repair of repairable DNA damage, or can induce apoptosis of a cell with irreparable damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mutated p53 proteins are typically more stable than wild-type, and can inhibit the activity of the wild-type protein in suppressing cell proliferation and in inducing cell cycle arrest. (wikipedia.org)
  • grade
  • In general, when brain lesions are smaller than Grade I, demarcating between these features is near impossible, often mistaking astroblastoma with glial neoplasms, high-grade astrocytes, and embryonal neoplasms. (wikipedia.org)
  • breast cancer
  • the "SG" subscript indicates salivary gland)) is a salivary gland neoplasm that shares a genetic mutation with certain types of breast cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • either
  • Participants will either receive a placebo or organic germanium to be taken 5 times a day starting the day of their first radiation and continuing through the 1 month follow-up visit. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • human
  • A pooled mutational analysis identifies ionizing radiation-associated mutational signatures conserved between mouse and human malignancies. (ucsf.edu)