• tumor
  • Here we assessed the genetic control of stromal mediation of mammary tumor susceptibility to low dose ionizing radiation (LDIR) using backcrossed F1 into BALB/c (F1Bx) between cancer susceptible (BALB/c) and resistant (SPRET/EiJ) mouse strains. (nih.gov)
  • Brachytherapy or postoperative external beam radiation can be added if the margins are close to the tumor. (medscape.com)
  • The most common radiation treatment is plaque brachytherapy, in which a small disc-shaped shield (plaque) encasing radioactive seeds (most often Iodine-125, though Ruthenium-106 and Palladium-103 are also used) is attached to the outside surface of the eye, overlying the tumor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radiation therapy is commonly applied to the cancerous tumor because of its ability to control cell growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • To spare normal tissues (such as skin or organs which radiation must pass through to treat the tumor), shaped radiation beams are aimed from several angles of exposure to intersect at the tumor, providing a much larger absorbed dose there than in the surrounding, healthy tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important to distinguish the radiosensitivity of a particular tumor, which to some extent is a laboratory measure, from the radiation "curability" of a cancer in actual clinical practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • A neoplasm or tumor is a group of cells that have undergone unregulated growth and will often form a mass or lump, but may be distributed diffusely. (wikipedia.org)
  • dose
  • I. To evaluate the tolerability and toxicity associated with two different dose regimens of pioglitazone administered orally as a cytoprotective agent against radiation-induced brain injury. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This phase IIb trial studies how well low-dose tamoxifen citrate works in reducing breast cancer risk in radiation-induced cancer survivors. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Preliminary dose-estimation reports by WHO and the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) indicate that, outside the geographical areas most affected by radiation, even in locations within Fukushima prefecture, the predicted risks remain low and no observable increases in cancer above natural variation in baseline rates are anticipated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Preliminary dose-estimation reports by the World Health Organization and United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation indicate that 167 plant workers received radiation doses that slightly elevate their risk of developing cancer, however like the Chernobyl nuclear disaster that it may not be statistically detectable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even in the most severely affected areas, radiation doses never reached more than a quarter of the radiation dose linked to an increase in cancer risk (25 mSv whereas 100 mSv has been linked to an increase in cancer rates among victims at Hiroshima and Nagasaki). (wikipedia.org)
  • doses
  • Highly radiosensitive cancer cells are rapidly killed by modest doses of radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, 167 Fukushima plant workers received radiation doses that slightly elevate their risk of developing cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, a December 2012 UNSCEAR statement to the Fukushima Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Safety advised that "because of the great uncertainties in risk estimates at very low doses, UNSCEAR does not recommend multiplying very low doses by large numbers of individuals to estimate numbers of radiation-induced health effects within a population exposed to incremental doses at levels equivalent to or lower than natural background levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • nuclear
  • The radiation effects from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster are the observed and predicted effects resulting from the release of radioactive isotopes from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant after the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if acupuncture can help to prevent xerostomia (dry mouth) and improve the quality of life in patients who receive radiation treatment to the head and neck. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Dry mouth is a common problem among cancer patients who have received radiation treatment to the head and neck. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Advances in radiation therapies have significantly decreased the number of patients treated by enucleation in developed countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients who developed these transformations have generally been treated similarly to patients who have the same hematological neoplasms but on a non-familial basis. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • The protective capacity of thio-containing compounds against normal tissue damage from radiation have been recognized for over 40 years. (knowcancer.com)
  • Ionizing radiation works by damaging the DNA of cancerous tissue leading to cellular death. (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • and conducted research on effects of radiation during pregnancy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Results: Capsaicin pretreatment blunted the effects of radiation on myocardial fibrosis and mast cell infiltration and activity. (osti.gov)
  • Capsaicin did not alter the effects of radiation on cardiac macrophage number or indicators of autophagy and apoptosis. (osti.gov)
  • less
  • Since U-238 has a much longer half-life than the lighter isotopes, DU emits less alpha radiation than natural uranium. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, scars in the skin are less resistant to ultraviolet radiation, and sweat glands and hair follicles do not grow back within scar tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • receive
  • Participants will either receive a placebo or organic germanium to be taken 5 times a day starting the day of their first radiation and continuing through the 1 month follow-up visit. (clinicaltrials.gov)