• Libya
  • Prior to the 2nd century BC, however, Greek geographers were unaware that the land mass then known as Libya expanded south of the Sahara, assuming that the desert bounded on the outer Ocean. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • The company continued to make gas discoveries in 2016 and 2017, including significant natural gas resources at the Teranga-1 exploration well offshore Senegal in 2016. (wikipedia.org)
  • In May 2017, the two companies made a major discovery off the coast of Senegal while drilling the Yakaar-1 exploration well. (wikipedia.org)
  • activists for the independence of Western Sahara and Human rights defenders , but also the lawyers by their absence protest against this unfair trial whose first hearings were held on March 13th 2017 after months of postponements. (awsa.org.au)
  • desert
  • Desertec is an energy project launched in Munich in 2009, consisting on the use of solar and wind technology in the Sahara desert, with the aim to provide that energy generated to African and European countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media The Sahara (Arabic: الصحراء الكبرى‎, al-ṣaḥrāʼ al-kubrá, 'the Greatest Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahara can be divided into several regions including: the western Sahara, the central Ahaggar Mountains, the Tibesti Mountains, the Aïr Mountains, the Ténéré desert, and the Libyan Desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahara is the world's largest low-latitude hot desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • Much of what scholars know of the Trans-Saharan trade routes comes from the historical writings of Muslim scholars such as Ibn Battuta and Leo Africanus who both crossed the Sahara Desert in the 14th and 15th centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Geographically, the Sahara Desert extends over 3.6 million square miles and is the second largest desert on the planet behind Antarctica. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the Sahara Desert was often viewed as a barrier between the African countries, it actually linked them together rather than separated them. (wikipedia.org)
  • It took months for merchants to cross the Sahara Desert, and they faced challenges ranging from natural disasters to lost caravans. (wikipedia.org)
  • In his memoir, Battuta described the Sahara as a "desert haunted by demons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trade among the Sahara Desert was highly influenced by the prominent Western empires and the local people living along the trade routes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sahel
  • The southern limit of the Sahara is indicated botanically by the southern limit of Cornulaca monacantha (a drought-tolerant member of the Chenopodiaceae), or northern limit of Cenchrus biflorus, a grass typical of the Sahel. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahel region covers a belt of grasslands south of the Sahara stretching from Senegal to Sudan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arabic is also spoken as a trade language across the Sahara as far as the Sahel, including parts of Mali, Chad and Borno State in Nigeria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kerr-McGee
  • date= (help) "Inversoras venden acciones Kerr-McGee por conflicto Sahara" (in Spanish). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Kerr-McGee Corporation, founded in 1929, was an American energy company involved in oil exploration, production of crude oil, natural gas, perchlorate and uranium mining and milling in various countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company later known as Kerr-McGee was founded in 1929 as Anderson & Kerr Drilling Company by Oklahoma businessman-politician Robert S. Kerr (1896-1963) and oil driller James L. Anderson. (wikipedia.org)
  • On November 21, 2005, the chemical division of the company, based in Oklahoma City, was sold off by IPO as Tronox, thereby making Oklahoma City home to the administrative side of Kerr-McGee, while all exploration and production management was located in Denver and Houston. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within a few years, the top positions at Anadarko had been filled by Kerr-McGee employees and many long-time Anadarko employees had left or been removed from the company, effecting a de facto name change for Kerr-McGee. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kerr-McGee and its subsidiaries formerly operated in western Kazakhstan, western Australia, Brazil, Trinidad, Benin, the United Kingdom and several other more minor locations around the world at various times. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maghreb
  • The Maghreb-Europe Gas Pipeline was first proposed in 1963 by French companies. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the same year, the project company Europe - Maghreb Pipeline Ltd. was established. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the botanical criteria of Frank White and geographer Robert Capot-Rey, the northern limit of the Sahara corresponds to the northern limit of date palm cultivation and the southern limit of the range of esparto, a grass typical of the Mediterranean climate portion of the Maghreb and Iberia. (wikipedia.org)
  • exploration
  • Fishing and oil exploration contracts concerning Western Sahara are sources of political tension. (wikipedia.org)
  • In June 2016, the Financial Times quoted Kosmos correspondence with the Council on Ethics: "We fundamentally disagree with the council's assessment of our activities offshore Western Sahara, where we have spent considerable time on the ground working with local people to understand their views of oil and gas exploration. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company initially focused mostly on off-shore oil exploration and production, being one of the first companies to use drillships in the Gulf of Mexico, and later one of the first companies to use a Spar type platform in the area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Substantial deposits of iron ore have been found and exploration for oil and gas has brought some success and is continuing, particularly in the off-shore areas of Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • However, Robin Law notes that some commentators have argued that Hanno exploration have taken him no further than southern Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • mainly
  • It supplies mainly Spain and Portugal, as well as Morocco with natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahara is mainly rocky hamada (stone plateaus), Ergs (sand seas - large areas covered with sand dunes) form only a minor part, but many of the sand dunes are over 180 metres (590 ft) high. (wikipedia.org)
  • About 70% of global production takes place in China, the United States and Morocco, the first two mainly producing for their domestic markets and applying trade barriers (export quotas and taxes). (aefjn.org)
  • people
  • A Kosmos official told Reuters, "If we are successful, we believe responsible resource development has the potential to create significant social and economic benefits for Western Sahara and its people. (wikipedia.org)
  • The council's decision fails to recognize that people in Western Sahara-whom we have met in hundreds of face-to-face conversations-want the economic opportunities that come from increased foreign investment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its spaces and groups do a request for all relations of research: important people, perspectives for something and news settings, items for customers, and master for Web skills, practical time and many time writers. (qualitysavers.to)
  • Furthermore, it is unethical because the trade gives support to a brutal regime and it is unjust because the indigenous people of Western Sahara, the Saharawi people, neither consent to nor benefit from the trade in their own natural resources. (awsa.org.au)
  • The people of Western Sahara, the Saharawis opposed that invasion with force, defeating the Mauritanians and preventing the Moroccans from taking over all of their country. (awsa.org.au)
  • The UN has in place a mission, MINURSO, charged with the responsibility of organizing the referendum on self-determination for the people of the Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • Mali
  • While trade along the Trans-Sahara trade route was common in the 14th century, it was highly dependent on the powerful African Empires, such as the Mali Empire, Kingdom of Kongo, Benin Kingdom, Hausa City-states, Great Zimbabwe, Ethiopian Empire, Kilwa Sultanat, and the Ajuran Sultanate. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1352-53, Ibn Battuta embarked on a pilgrimage from Morocco to the Mali empire. (wikipedia.org)
  • facto
  • We have worked in close partnership with Morocco - as the de facto administering power of the territory. (wikipedia.org)
  • waters
  • According to POLISARIO officials, The licensing initiative we are introducing today prepares for the day when the Saharawi Republic will exercise full sovereignty over all its rightful territory, including our offshore waters and our natural resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2011 the EU parliament terminated the last Fisheries Partnership Agreements with Morocco for the waters of Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • resources
  • Western Sahara Resources Watch (EFE). (wikipedia.org)
  • They complained that they were being treated as second-class citizens in their own country, while Morocco exploited their natural resources for its profit. (awsa.org.au)
  • 2. All peoples may, for their own ends, freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources without prejudice to any obligations arising out of international economic co-operation, based upon the principle of mutual benefit, and international law. (awsa.org.au)
  • Sid Ahmed Lamjayed is the president of the CSPRON The committee to support the peace settlement and to protect the natural resources in Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • Jordan
  • It is usually considered to include the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Israel, and in some definitions, some parts of western Jordan. (wikipedia.org)
  • territory
  • Since 2006 the organisation has worked to prevent the European Union entering agreements with Morocco covering the territory of Western Sahara, most importantly its Fisheries Partnership Agreements. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kosmos began a controversial oil drilling project in the Cap Boujdour area in 2014 off the coast of disputed territory of Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • The International Court Justice declared Morocco has no claim to this territory and no country - including Australia - recognises its claim. (awsa.org.au)
  • Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory in the language of the United Nations. (awsa.org.au)
  • Saharawi
  • The trial of the Saharawi political prisoners of the Gdeim Izik group opened before the Court of Appeal in Salé - Morocco. (awsa.org.au)
  • mineral
  • In the 1970s the company had a forest products division, and mineral mining in New Mexico, Arizona, and Idaho, and coal mining in Wyoming and Illinois. (wikipedia.org)
  • We do not see how IPL can have legal title to import this mineral", says Cate Lewis of the Australia Western Sahara Association. (awsa.org.au)
  • large
  • We have received our 1st order for an integrated prototype from a large French company, that will be shipped in the first quarter of 2018. (solarimpulse.com)
  • cargo
  • Another vessel of similar cargo was arrested in Panama, it was going to Canada for the company Agrium. (awsa.org.au)
  • Vietnam
  • Latex, used in these early forms of incendiary devices, became scarce, since natural rubber was almost impossible to obtain after the Japanese army captured the rubber plantations in Malaya, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Thailand. (wikipedia.org)
  • Energy
  • Kosmos Energy is an American international oil company founded and based in Dallas, Texas. (wikipedia.org)
  • To be clear, the short-term future looks bleak: it appears that the government is preparing for continued black-outs and energy rationing as a strategy to allay pressure on a strapped natural gas grid. (cfr.org)
  • Additionally, Egypt's growing population, particularly in urban areas, has contributed to increased pressure on power grids-since 2000, energy consumption has increased at a rate of 5% overall, and 9% for natural gas . (cfr.org)
  • conflict
  • The organisation also launches campaigns, encouraging multinational companies and governments not to invest and participate in trade in the occupied territories of Western Sahara until a peaceful solution to the conflict has been found. (wikipedia.org)
  • operations
  • The company and its operations in Ghana, around the time of the Jubilee discovery and work to develop the field, was the focus of Rachel Boynton's 2013 documentary-film Big Men. (wikipedia.org)
  • All operations with the exception of Tronox which was spun off as a separate company in 2005 moved out of Oklahoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Europe
  • The company based in Austria / Europe introduced the AUTOPRESS device as an important part of its fluid warming philosophy. (issuu.com)
  • coal
  • these discussions have been ongoing over the past year, but they heated up after Minister of Industry Mounir Fakhry Abdel-Nour preliminarily announced on Monday, March 10 that cement companies were to be allowed to use coal to continue production. (cfr.org)
  • million
  • Setolazar Company, working the Navarrete mine, had an extensive concession estimated to contain more than 4 million tons of iron ore. (wikipedia.org)
  • Legal
  • Morocco has signed a fishing treaty with the EU including Western Sahara as part of Morocco, although it was declared illegal by the legal services of the European Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • Segregation is defined by the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance as "the act by which a (natural or legal) person separates other persons on the basis of one of the enumerated grounds without an objective and reasonable justification, in conformity with the proposed definition of discrimination. (wikipedia.org)
  • annually
  • According to climatic criteria, the southern limit of the Sahara corresponds to the 150 mm (5.9 in) isohyet of annual precipitation (this is a long-term average, since precipitation varies annually). (wikipedia.org)
  • French
  • We stress to our Muslim brothers the necessity to stay away from all the Western companies and complexes for their own safety, and especially the French ones," the statement said. (yahoo.com)