• Moroccan
  • According to Mr Wermundsen, long-lasting research by the Committee had documented that Yara indeed had bought larger amounts of phosphates from the mines in Boucraa, which are located in Western Sahara and controlled by a Moroccan state company. (afrol.com)
  • OCP directly controls the two large phosphate mining centres in Morocco proper and international traders deal with the state-owned giant when buying Moroccan phosphates. (afrol.com)
  • Earlier this year, it was known that Norway's Ambassador in Rabat encouraged private investments in the Moroccan-controlled fisheries sector in Western Sahara, defying the official policy of the Oslo Foreign Ministry. (afrol.com)
  • All trade and other economic activities are controlled by the Moroccan government, as usual in Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moroccan Energy interests in 2001 signed contracts to explore for oil off the coast of Western Sahara, but some companies had abandoned since then. (wikipedia.org)
  • WSRW consists of organisations and campaigners from more than 40 countries researching and campaigning against the companies working in partnership with the Moroccan government in occupied Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 522 kilometres (324 mi) long Moroccan section is owned by the Moroccan State and operated by Metragaz, a joint venture of Sagane (a subsidiary of Spanish Gas Natural), Transgas (Portugal), and SNPP (Morocco). (wikipedia.org)
  • Kerr-McGee received international criticism for undertaking exploration for hydrocarbon resources offshore the Moroccan controlled area of the disputed territory of Western Sahara in 2001. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is a chart of trend of gross domestic product of Morocco at market prices estimated by the International Monetary Fund with figures in millions of Moroccan dirhams. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arabic: الصحراء الغربية‎‎ aṣ-Ṣaḥrā' al-Gharbīyah, Berber languages: Taneẓroft Tutrimt, Spanish and French: Sahara Occidental) is a disputed territory in the Maghreb region of North Africa, partially controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and partially Moroccan-occupied, bordered by Morocco proper to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. (wikipedia.org)
  • Occupied by Spain until the late 20th century, Western Sahara has been on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories since 1963 after a Moroccan demand. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since a United Nations-sponsored ceasefire agreement in 1991, two thirds of the territory (including most of the Atlantic coastline - the only part of the coast outside the Moroccan Western Sahara Wall is the extreme south, including the Ras Nouadhibou peninsula) has been administered by the Moroccan government, with tacit support from France and the United States, and the remainder by the SADR, backed by Algeria. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] As of 2017[update], no other member state of the United Nations has ever officially recognized Moroccan sovereignty over parts of Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • Algeria
  • also known as the Pedro Duran Farell pipeline) is a natural gas pipeline, which links the Hassi R'mel field in Algeria through Morocco with Cordoba in Andalusia, Spain, where it is connected with the Spanish and Portuguese gas grids. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, because of the Western Sahara dispute, any route from Algeria through Morocco to Spain was prevented. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the acquisition of the Oryx Energy Company of Dallas, Texas in 1999, Kerr-McGee gained more onshore assets, as well as significant assets in several foreign areas, most notably Algeria and western Kazakhstan. (wikipedia.org)
  • ALGIERS, Algeria (AP) -- The death toll from the terrorist siege at a natural gas plant in the Sahara climbed past 80 on Sunday as Algerian forces searching the refinery for explosives found dozens more bodies, many so badly disfigured it was unclear whether they were hostages or militants, a security official said. (yahoo.com)
  • gas natural fenosa maintains commercial gas sales relations in a number of countries, including algeria, gas natural fenosa coal mine in south africa. (inspiringcareers.in)
  • It is the eleventh largest country in Africa and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara in the north, Algeria in the northeast, Mali in the east and southeast, and Senegal in the southwest. (wikipedia.org)
  • The country derives its name from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania, which existed from the 3rd century BC to the 7th century in the far north of modern-day Morocco and Algeria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another common approach divides Africa by using features such as landforms, climatic regions, or vegetation types: Nile Valley Nile Delta Atlas Mountains Nubia (Lower Nubia) The Sahara Desert is the massive but largely empty region in North Africa that contains the world's largest hot deserts The Maghreb is a region of northwest Africa encompassing the coastlands and Atlas Mountains of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arabophone Africa includes the four most popular Arabic-speaking countries (Egypt, Sudan, Morocco, Algeria) as well as Tunisia, Mauritania and Chad, and includes a majority of both the population and the area of the Arabic-speaking countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • May 27: A Swiss firm, Algeria Shopping Malls Company, announced plans to build 5 shopping malls in Algerian cities by 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • June 2: The Russian Irkut (company) Corporation delivered 2 Su 30 MKA Flanker multi-role fighters to Algeria. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of small Muslim states rose and fell in Algeria , but generally the eastern part of the country came under the influence of dynasties centered in Tunisia (notably the Aghlabid of Kairouan) and the western part was controlled by states centered in Morocco (notably the Almoravids and Almohads). (factbites.com)
  • Maghreb
  • The Maghreb-Europe Gas Pipeline was first proposed in 1963 by French companies. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the same year, the project company Europe - Maghreb Pipeline Ltd. was established. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the botanical criteria of Frank White and geographer Robert Capot-Rey, the northern limit of the Sahara corresponds to the northern limit of date palm cultivation and the southern limit of the range of esparto, a grass typical of the Mediterranean climate portion of the Maghreb and Iberia. (wikipedia.org)
  • desert
  • Desertec is an energy project launched in Munich in 2009, consisting on the use of solar and wind technology in the Sahara desert, with the aim to provide that energy generated to African and European countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media The Sahara (Arabic: الصحراء الكبرى‎, al-ṣaḥrāʼ al-kubrá, 'the Greatest Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahara can be divided into several regions including: the western Sahara, the central Ahaggar Mountains, the Tibesti Mountains, the Aïr Mountains, the Ténéré desert, and the Libyan Desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahara is the world's largest low-latitude hot desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • Much of what scholars know of the Trans-Saharan trade routes comes from the historical writings of Muslim scholars such as Ibn Battuta and Leo Africanus who both crossed the Sahara Desert in the 14th and 15th centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Geographically, the Sahara Desert extends over 3.6 million square miles and is the second largest desert on the planet behind Antarctica. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the Sahara Desert was often viewed as a barrier between the African countries, it actually linked them together rather than separated them. (wikipedia.org)
  • It took months for merchants to cross the Sahara Desert, and they faced challenges ranging from natural disasters to lost caravans. (wikipedia.org)
  • In his memoir, Battuta described the Sahara as a "desert haunted by demons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trade among the Sahara Desert was highly influenced by the prominent Western empires and the local people living along the trade routes. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • As of August 2017[update], the website is ranked as the second-most popular site in the world by Alexa Internet, a web traffic analysis company. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mali
  • While trade along the Trans-Sahara trade route was common in the 14th century, it was highly dependent on the powerful African Empires, such as the Mali Empire, Kingdom of Kongo, Benin Kingdom, Hausa City-states, Great Zimbabwe, Ethiopian Empire, Kilwa Sultanat, and the Ajuran Sultanate. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1352-53, Ibn Battuta embarked on a pilgrimage from Morocco to the Mali empire. (wikipedia.org)
  • billion cubic
  • An initial capacity of the pipeline was 8.6 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas per year, which was later expanded to 12 bcm. (wikipedia.org)
  • The field is estimated to hold up to 1 billion barrels (160 million cubic metres) of oil and 800 billion cubic feet (23 billion cubic metres) of natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • waters
  • According to POLISARIO officials, The licensing initiative we are introducing today prepares for the day when the Saharawi Republic will exercise full sovereignty over all its rightful territory, including our offshore waters and our natural resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2011 the EU parliament terminated the last Fisheries Partnership Agreements with Morocco for the waters of Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • disasters
  • Even worse, natural disasters, such as sand storms or fluctuating temperatures, often forced merchants to abandon their goods in order to save their own lives, yet causing them to lose everything. (wikipedia.org)
  • The CIA's mission includes collecting and analyzing information about high priority national security issues such as international terrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, cyber attacks, international organized crime and narcotics trafficking, regional conflicts, counterintelligence threats, and the effects of environmental and natural disasters. (cia.gov)
  • 2016
  • In October 2016, the government filed 15 separate suits against 15 oil companies at the Federal High Court in Lagos to recover billions of dollars that have been illegally siphoned from the country. (pambazuka.org)
  • offshore
  • Morocco opened its doors to offshoring in July 2006, as one component of the development initiative Plan Emergence, and has so far attracted roughly half of the French-speaking call centres that have gone offshore so far and a number of the Spanish ones. (thefullwiki.org)
  • large
  • The Sahara is mainly rocky hamada (stone plateaus), Ergs (sand seas - large areas covered with sand dunes) form only a minor part, but many of the sand dunes are over 180 metres (590 ft) high. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco suffers both from structural unemployment and a large external debt. (wikipedia.org)
  • We have received our 1st order for an integrated prototype from a large French company, that will be shipped in the first quarter of 2018. (solarimpulse.com)
  • people
  • A Kosmos official told Reuters, "If we are successful, we believe responsible resource development has the potential to create significant social and economic benefits for Western Sahara and its people. (wikipedia.org)
  • The council's decision fails to recognize that people in Western Sahara-whom we have met in hundreds of face-to-face conversations-want the economic opportunities that come from increased foreign investment. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to an audio recording released by the faction the people were seized because of western world cooperation with Israel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chad
  • The highest peak in the Sahara is Emi Koussi, a shield volcano in the Tibesti range of northern Chad. (wikipedia.org)
  • Energy
  • Kosmos Energy is an American international oil company founded and based in Dallas, Texas. (wikipedia.org)
  • To be clear, the short-term future looks bleak: it appears that the government is preparing for continued black-outs and energy rationing as a strategy to allay pressure on a strapped natural gas grid. (cfr.org)
  • Additionally, Egypt's growing population, particularly in urban areas, has contributed to increased pressure on power grids-since 2000, energy consumption has increased at a rate of 5% overall, and 9% for natural gas . (cfr.org)
  • however
  • Mr Wermundsen however deplored that the company will not guarantee that the trade will not be resumed and announced the Committee would contact the Oslo parliament to increase pressure on Yara. (afrol.com)
  • Morocco, however, still depends to an inordinate degree on agriculture. (wikipedia.org)
  • operations
  • The company and its operations in Ghana, around the time of the Jubilee discovery and work to develop the field, was the focus of Rachel Boynton's 2013 documentary-film Big Men. (wikipedia.org)
  • All operations with the exception of Tronox which was spun off as a separate company in 2005 moved out of Oklahoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • French
  • We stress to our Muslim brothers the necessity to stay away from all the Western companies and complexes for their own safety, and especially the French ones," the statement said. (yahoo.com)
  • Abdelaziz Bouteflika was born on 2 March 1937 in Oujda, French protectorate in Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • major
  • Major trade partners such as the US also demand to know the origin of these goods as Western Sahara products are excluded from the Morocco-USA free trade agreement. (afrol.com)
  • The beginning of AFRICOM's second year has witnessed major military exercises on the western and eastern ends of the continent. (mediamonitors.net)
  • legal
  • Morocco has signed a fishing treaty with the EU including Western Sahara as part of Morocco, although it was declared illegal by the legal services of the European Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • Letter dated 29 January 2002 from the Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs, the Legal Counsel, addressed to the President of the Security Council Morocco bans EU fishing vessels amid Western SaharaBBC News 14.12.2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • Segregation is defined by the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance as "the act by which a (natural or legal) person separates other persons on the basis of one of the enumerated grounds without an objective and reasonable justification, in conformity with the proposed definition of discrimination. (wikipedia.org)
  • coal
  • In the 1970s the company had a forest products division, and mineral mining in New Mexico, Arizona, and Idaho, and coal mining in Wyoming and Illinois. (wikipedia.org)
  • these discussions have been ongoing over the past year, but they heated up after Minister of Industry Mounir Fakhry Abdel-Nour preliminarily announced on Monday, March 10 that cement companies were to be allowed to use coal to continue production. (cfr.org)
  • researchers
  • This shortage of natural rubber prompted chemists at US companies such as DuPont and Standard Oil, and researchers at Harvard University, to develop factory-made alternatives-artificial rubber for all uses, including vehicle tires, tank tracks, gaskets, hoses, medical supplies and rain clothing. (wikipedia.org)