• atoms
  • Nanotechnology , the manipulation and manufacture of materials and devices on the scale of atoms or small groups of atoms. (britannica.com)
  • In contrast to recent engineering efforts, nature developed "nanotechnologies" over billions of years, employing enzymes and catalysts to organize with exquisite precision different kinds of atoms and molecules into complex microscopic structures that make life possible. (britannica.com)
  • The laboratories are available to global academics, industry and government personnel on a fee recovery basis enabling students, scientists and engineers who perform research on nanotechnology to study the characteristics and behavior of atoms and molecules, and to use that knowledge to create new materials and tiny nano-scale tools and machines. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2000s
  • The conceptual foundation for DNA nanotechnology was first laid out by Nadrian Seeman in the early 1980s, and the field began to attract widespread interest in the mid-2000s. (wikipedia.org)
  • The field was subject to growing public awareness and controversy in the early 2000s, with prominent debates about both its potential implications as well as the feasibility of the applications envisioned by advocates of molecular nanotechnology, and with governments moving to promote and fund research into nanotechnology. (wikipedia.org)
  • nanoscale
  • The National Nanotechnology Initiative is a United States federal government program for the science, engineering, and technology research and development for nanoscale projects. (wikipedia.org)
  • In his 1956 short story The Next Tenants, Arthur C. Clarke describes tiny machines that operate at the micrometre scale - although not strictly nanoscale (billionth of a meter), they are the first fictional example of the concepts now associated with nanotechnology. (wikipedia.org)
  • National Nanotechno
  • In February 2014, the National Nanotechnology Initiative released a Strategic Plan outlining updated goals and "program component areas" ," as required under the terms of the Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • Council of Advisors on Science and Technology United States federal loan guarantee Translational research "National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI): Supplement to the President's FY 2015 Budget" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • The National Nanotechnology Initiative expects new commercial applications in the pharmaceutical industry that may include advanced drug delivery systems, new therapies, and in vivo imaging. (wikipedia.org)
  • advances
  • Steady advances in miniaturization are leading technologists beyond the scale where Newton's laws govern the world and into the realm of Nanotechnology. (nasa.gov)
  • The emergence of nanotechnology in the 1980s was caused by the convergence of experimental advances such as the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope in 1981 and the discovery of fullerenes in 1985, with the elucidation and popularization of a conceptual framework for the goals of nanotechnology beginning with the 1986 publication of the book Engines of Creation. (wikipedia.org)
  • innovation
  • In a June 2007 press release, Consumers Union, publisher of Consumer Reports , noted that nanotechnology "promises to be the most important innovation since electricity and the internal combustion engine. (metroactive.com)
  • The Nanotechnology Industries Association, NIA, promotes a responsible and sustainable innovation in nanotechnology following an approach based on scientific and technical evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main considerations for judging include distinction in long-term technical achievements, leadership, innovation, breadth, and impact on nanotechnology and engineering. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biotechnology
  • There is some overlap of Biotechnology and Wet nanotechnology because living things are inherently bottom-up engineered and any exploitation of this by biotechnologists means they dabble in bottom-up engineering (though mostly at the level of producing macromolecules like proteins and nucleic acids from there monomer units. (wikipedia.org)
  • applications
  • Many different viruses have been studies for various applications in nanotechnology: for example, mammalian viruses are being developed as vectors for gene delivery, and bacteriophages and plant viruses have been used in drug delivery and imaging applications as well as in vaccines and immunotherapy intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • The earliest evidence of the use and applications of nanotechnology can be traced back to carbon nanotubes, cementite nanowires found in the microstructure of wootz steel manufactured in ancient India from the time period of 600 BC and exported globally. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of nanotechnology in consumer products and industrial applications is growing rapidly, with the products listed in the PEN inventory showing just the tip of the iceberg" according to PEN Project Director David Rejeski . (wikipedia.org)
  • The NTC supports includes a range of areas including theory, design, and development of nanotechnology in addition to the scientific, engineering, and industrial applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • manufacture
  • Nanotechnology may make it possible to manufacture lighter, stronger, and programmable materials that require less energy to produce than conventional materials, that produce less waste than with conventional manufacturing , and that promise greater fuel efficiency in land transportation , ships, aircraft, and space vehicles. (britannica.com)
  • DNA nanotechnology is the design and manufacture of artificial nucleic acid structures for technological uses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Green nanotechnology has been described as the development of clean technologies, "to minimize potential environmental and human health risks associated with the manufacture and use of nanotechnology products, and to encourage replacement of existing products with new nano-products that are more environmentally friendly throughout their lifecycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • focuses
  • Structural DNA nanotechnology, sometimes abbreviated as SDN, focuses on synthesizing and characterizing nucleic acid complexes and materials that assemble into a static, equilibrium end state. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, dynamic DNA nanotechnology focuses on complexes with useful non-equilibrium behavior such as the ability to reconfigure based on a chemical or physical stimulus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Robert Ludlum's 2005 novel The Lazarus Vendetta also focuses around nanotechnology, focusing mainly on its ability to cure cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • nanoparticles
  • This property is absent in other materials used in nanotechnology, including proteins, for which protein design is very difficult, and nanoparticles, which lack the capability for specific assembly on their own. (wikipedia.org)
  • materials
  • In this field, nucleic acids are used as non-biological engineering materials for nanotechnology rather than as the carriers of genetic information in living cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most advanced nanotechnology projects related to energy are: storage, conversion, manufacturing improvements by reducing materials and process rates, energy saving (by better thermal insulation for example), and enhanced renewable energy sources. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media The health impacts of nanotechnology are the possible effects that the use of nanotechnological materials and devices will have on human health. (wikipedia.org)
  • nanowires
  • The first method uses nanotechnology combined with tissue engineering, and gold nanowires are placed and woven into the damaged parts of the heart, essentially replacing the non-functioning or dead tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • relatively
  • In the category of medicine, nanotechnology is still relatively new and has not yet been widely adopted by the field. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nanotechnology of the heart is a lot less invasive than surgery because everything is occurring at a minuscule level in the body compared to relatively large tissues that are dealt with in surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Guidelines
  • Similar ideas are advocated in the Foresight Guidelines on Molecular Nanotechnology, and a map of the 137-dimensional replicator design space recently published by Freitas and Merkle provides numerous proposed methods by which replicators could, in principle, be safely controlled by good design. (wikipedia.org)
  • Laboratories
  • These shared-user open laboratories are part of the National Science Foundation's National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network (NNIN), a network of 14 such facilities at universities around the US. (wikipedia.org)
  • make
  • Just thought I would make you all aware of this new, nanotechnology-based product that has just been brought to the market. (yahoo.com)