• aerobic
  • Best of all, jumping rope offers aerobic and anaerobic benefits to several muscles groups, including your leg and arm muscles. (livestrong.com)
  • Muscle energy systems trained using anaerobic exercise develop differently compared to aerobic exercise, leading to greater performance in short duration, high intensity activities, which last from mere seconds to up to about 2 minutes. (wikipedia.org)
  • strength
  • While strength is the physical ability to generate a high amount of muscle force, power is the ability to generate a high amount of force in a short period of time. (acefitness.org)
  • Exercise movements performed at a steady, slow tempo can help strengthen muscles, but those strong muscles may lack the ability to express that strength instantaneously. (acefitness.org)
  • If you exercise for the purpose of improving your performance in sports such as tennis, softball, baseball, volleyball or Ultimate Frisbee, or if you want to improve your ability to perform daily tasks such as carrying a bag, caring for young children or gardening, it is important to perform exercises to improve the strength and power of the muscles of the upper back, shoulders, arms and hips. (acefitness.org)
  • You can increase your muscle mass and build strength and power with bodyweight exercises! (hubpages.com)
  • The plyometric movement stresses those muscle fibers that have been activated by the strength training movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is important because these muscle fibers have the greatest potential for growth and strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other factors also play a role: Muscle Strength Larger muscles are able to generate higher amounts of force and are therefore able to produce larger GRF's Elastic Energy Storage Cheetahs use flexion and extension of the spine to contribute significantly to speed by increasing foot contact time and swing time Footspeed Sprint (running) He, J. P., R. Kram, et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • exercise
  • That said, about 40 percent of your muscles can be influenced through exercise and training. (livestrong.com)
  • Skipping rope can be considered a compound exercise since multiple muscle groups are worked during each session. (livestrong.com)
  • It is important to include some power training in an exercise program to help improve the speed at which your muscles generate force. (acefitness.org)
  • Many popular high-intensity exercise programs feature jumps, hops or skips to increase power output in lower-body muscles, but omit exercises for developing upper-body power. (acefitness.org)
  • AIM: We hypothesized that an extremely high pedal rate would induce much more type II muscle fibers recruitment even at an early phase of the same absolute work rate compared with normal pedal rates, and would result in changed amplitude of the pulmonary oxygen uptake slow component (VO(2)SC) during heavy constant-load exercise. (biomedsearch.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that the amplitude of the VO(2)SC was greater in higher pedal rate during the same work rate constant-load cycling exercise, which might be associated with a progressive increase in the adenosine triphosphate requirement of already recruited muscle fibers in exercising muscle. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Exercise & building muscle mass can impact body fat over time: the more effort/work you expend (best make it fun so more likely to continue) & what you do most of the time have the most impact. (healthtap.com)
  • What weight lifting exercise recruits the most fast twitch muscle fibers to jump higher? (healthtap.com)
  • S-glutathionylation: fsTnI was found to be S-glutathionylated at Cys133 in rodent fast-twitch skeletal muscle and in human type II muscle fibers after exercise, which increased Ca2+ sensitivity of the contractile apparatus. (wikipedia.org)
  • MyoD is expressed at extremely low and essentially undetectable levels in quiescent satellite cells, but expression of MyoD is activated in response to exercise or muscle tissue damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • In sports which require repeated short bursts of exercise however, the anaerobic system enables muscles to recover for the next burst. (wikipedia.org)
  • torque
  • As a general rule, the larger the moment arm of a muscle, the greater torque it can produce with the same amount of force. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1986, a study comparing factors such as conduction velocity, twitch torque, twitch rise time, and half-relaxation of stimulated tibial muscle found evidence that the conduction velocity of individual muscle fibers types may be another parameter to include in the size principle. (wikipedia.org)
  • higher
  • it was shown that faster human runners achieved higher speeds by applying greater vertical GRF and not by increasing swing time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Higher percentage of fast-twitch muscle fibers lead to increased force production capability, as well as increased speed of contractions leading to shorter contact times. (wikipedia.org)
  • repetitions
  • Negative repetitions are a great way to build up to a difficult movement, and an excellent way to stimulate muscle growth. (hubpages.com)
  • partly
  • This can be explained partly by the finding that moment arms of muscles at the knee and ankle joint in the cheetah are proportionally larger than those of the greyhound. (wikipedia.org)
  • troponin
  • The TNNI2 gene is located at 11p15.5 in the human chromosomal genome, encoding the fast twitch skeletal muscle troponin I (fsTnI). (wikipedia.org)
  • More recent studies reported that subunits of fast skeletal muscle troponin (fsTnI, fsTnT, fsTnC) were expressed at significant levels in smooth muscle cells of mouse blood vessels, bladder and bronchi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crystallographic structure of fsTnI in troponin complex from chicken fast skeletal muscle showed an overall structure similar to that of cardiac troponin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on the crystal structure, a schematic illustration (Fig. 3) was proposed to show the conformational changes in troponin during muscle activation and relaxation. (wikipedia.org)
  • synapse
  • The specific patterning of synapse development at the neuromuscular junction shows that the majority of muscles are innervated at their midpoints. (wikipedia.org)
  • exercises
  • Do a complete dynamic warm-up to properly prepare your muscles before beginning the high-intensity exercises of the working sets. (acefitness.org)
  • Here are six effective exercises to incorporate into your clients' programs to help them activate and strengthen this powerful lower-body muscle. (acefitness.org)
  • In order to stimulate muscle growth, you have to use exercises that challenge you with appropriate resistance and push until you can't complete another repetition. (hubpages.com)
  • differentiation
  • The muscular system controls numerous functions, which is possible with the significant differentiation of muscle tissue morphology and ability. (lumenlearning.com)
  • MyoD is a protein that plays a major role in regulating muscle differentiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Setdb1 appears to be necessary to maintain both MyoD expression and also genes that are specific to muscle tissues because reduction of Setdb1 expression results in a severe delay of myoblast differentiation and determination. (wikipedia.org)
  • refers
  • Voluntary refers to whether the muscle is under conscious control, while striation refers to the presence of visible banding within myocytes caused by the organization of myofibrils to produce constant tension. (lumenlearning.com)
  • movements
  • Fig. 1 diagrams the major intracellular movements of Ca 2+ that take place during a twitch. (rupress.org)
  • While the hips aren't necessarily an upper-body muscle, optimal power for many upper-body movements-from throwing a ball to punching an opponent to picking up a young child-is derived from the ability of the hips to generate force, which is then transmitted and released through the shoulders and arms. (acefitness.org)
  • This means you will have to increase the volume of overall work you are doing, or, more appropriate to your muscle building goals, do harder movements. (hubpages.com)
  • energy
  • FT fibers create energy anaerobically, that is, without oxygen. (blogspot.com)
  • In addition, allow for proper rest to ensure that the involved muscles replenish ATP (energy) and experience neural recovery. (acefitness.org)
  • A sprinter is a road bicycle racer or track racer who can finish a race very explosively by accelerating quickly to a high speed, often using the slipstream of another cyclist or group of cyclists tactically to conserve energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some diahitcomponents that provide little or no food energy, such as water, minerals, vitamins, cholesterol and fiber, may still be necessary to health and survival for other reasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbohydrates that are not easily absorbed, such as fiber, or lactose in lactose-intolerant individuals, contribute less food energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • High energy phosphates are stored in limited quantities within muscle cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • nuclei
  • These cells were distinguished from muscle fibre nuclei and the motor end plate, making the third component of the tripartite synaptic model. (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • The fast TnI-fast TnT gene pair represents the original TnI and TnT genes (Fig. 1). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sustained MyoD expression is necessary for retaining the expression of muscle-related genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • KAP1 is localized at muscle-related genes in myoblasts along with both MyoD and Mef2 (a myocyte transcription enhancer factor). (wikipedia.org)
  • The consequence of this coactivator/corepressor recruitment is silenced promoting regions on muscle genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • kinase
  • Agrin binds to a muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) receptor in the post-synaptic membrane, and this in turn leads to downstream activation of the cytoplasmic protein Rapsyn. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Elevated muscle and blood lactate concentrations are a natural consequence of any physical exertion. (wikipedia.org)
  • amount
  • Ballistic lifts force the muscles to produce the greatest amount of force in the shortest amount of time. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the same time, the muscle would cause a smaller change in joint angle for the same amount of length change. (wikipedia.org)
  • in other words, the size of the motor unit is proportional to the amount of muscle fibers it innervates. (wikipedia.org)
  • increases
  • This binding to skMLCK increases the affinity of Ca2+ and ultimately leads to a sustained muscle action. (wikipedia.org)
  • PGC-1α has been shown to exert positive feedback circuits on some of its upstream regulators: PGC-1α increases Akt (PKB) and Phospho-Akt (Ser 473 and Thr 308) levels in muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • generate
  • In other words, the muscles may be unable to generate the power necessary for many sports and common activities of daily living. (acefitness.org)
  • Numerous myocytes make up muscle tissue and the controlled production of tension in these cells can generate significant force. (lumenlearning.com)