• Dopamine
  • We describe experimental and statistical steps for creating dopamine movies of the brain from dynamic PET data. (jove.com)
  • Neuronal loss and dopamine depletion alters motor signal processing and propagation between the cortical motor areas, the basal ganglia and the thalamus resulting in the motor manifestation of Parkinson's disease (PD). (jefferson.edu)
  • fMRI
  • This method allows us to combine the high spatial resolution of fMRI with the high temporal resolution of TMS and EEG and therefore obtain a comprehensive understanding of the neural basis of various cognitive processes. (jove.com)
  • Brain state classification has been accomplished using features such as voxel intensities, derived from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data, as inputs to efficient classifiers such as support vector machines (SVM) and is based on the spatial localization model of brain function. (jove.com)
  • It is now appreciated that condition-relevant information can be present within distributed patterns of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) brain activity, even for conditions with similar levels of univariate activation. (jove.com)
  • FMRI investigators also often seek to understand how brain regions interact in interconnected networks, and use functional connectivity (FC) to identify regions that have correlated responses over time. (jove.com)
  • This issue can be addressed by combining tDCS with functional brain imaging techniques like functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) or electroencephalography (EEG). (jove.com)
  • In addition, tDCS administered during resting-state fMRI allowed identification of widespread changes in whole brain functional connectivity. (jove.com)
  • algorithmic
  • Fan-like images due to modalities such as curved-array ultrasound are also common and require different representational and algorithmic techniques to process. (wikipedia.org)
  • As such, educational technology refers to all valid and reliable applied education sciences, such as equipment, as well as processes and procedures that are derived from scientific research, and in a given context may refer to theoretical, algorithmic or heuristic processes: it does not necessarily imply physical technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • quantitative
  • However, in order to extract measures that are meaningful for scientific or clinical purposes, it is necessary to have quantitative methods of medical image analysis that are robust in the presence of noise, complexity, artifacts, etc. (yale.edu)
  • Our quantitative data demonstrated differences in the surface texture between the fibronectin and fibrillin-2 network in Day 1 (gastrulating) embryos, with the fibronectin network being relatively coarse compared to the fibrillin-2 network. (jove.com)
  • Anatomy
  • We solicit original and review papers that address innovative research and development in the following four growing fields: virtual colonoscopy, computer-aided diagnosis, abdominal intervention, and computational anatomy. (miccai.org)
  • physiological
  • Recent work has shown the mechanical properties of the ECM regulate focal adhesion and F-actin morphology as well as numerous physiological processes, including cell differentiation, division, proliferation and migration. (jove.com)
  • Imaging
  • In particular, this projects is the first one developing concepts for intraoperative SPECT-CT, and introduces intraoperative robotic Ultrasound imaging based on CT trajectory planning, enabling registration with angiographic data. (tum.de)
  • Given its realistic imaging properties and non-biodegradable composition-silicone for tissue, water for blood-the system promises to reduce the number of animal trials required to develop image guidance applications for valvular repair and replacement. (spie.org)
  • Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) techniques provide information on the microstructural processes of the cerebral white matter (WM) in vivo . (jove.com)
  • Pivotal
  • Pivotal response treatment prompts a functional rewiring of the brain among individuals with autism spectrum disorder. (yale.edu)
  • In fact, Slicer has already played such a pivotal role in image-guided therapy, it can be considered as growing up alongside that field, with over 200 publications referencing Slicer since 1998. (wikipedia.org)
  • guidance
  • performed while the heart is beating, these procedures require surgeons and cardiologists to learn new image-guidance based techniques. (spie.org)
  • Beating heart valve therapies rely extensively on image guidance to treat patients who would be considered inoperable with conventional surgery. (spie.org)
  • evaluate
  • the two tracers used can be replaced by different radiotracers to evaluate other processes in the brain. (jove.com)
  • Educational technologists try to analyze, design, develop, implement and evaluate process and tools to enhance learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • mathematical
  • As a result, the way in which we visualize the white matter tracts can be very different based on the different mathematical equations used in the process of modeling. (jefferson.edu)
  • characterize
  • Our data identify, and partially characterize, stage-specific regional anisotropy of fibronectin texture within tissues of a warm-blooded embryo. (jove.com)
  • Just as univariate analyses can be insensitive to information in MVPs, FC may not fully characterize the brain networks that process conditions with characteristic MVP signatures. (jove.com)
  • Computing
  • Medical image computing (MIC) is an interdisciplinary field at the intersection of computer science, data science, electrical engineering, physics, mathematics and medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medical image computing typically operates on uniformly sampled data with regular x-y-z spatial spacing (images in 2D and volumes in 3D, generically referred to as images). (wikipedia.org)
  • Volume 3216 Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention. (yale.edu)
  • images
  • We are aiming to develop techniques for high throughput computerised assessment of cellular, tissue and organ structure and function, based on images and multimodal integration. (cistib.com)
  • The particular meaning of the data at the sample point depends on modality: for example a CT acquisition collects radiodensity values, while a MRI acquisition may collect T1 or T2-weighted images. (wikipedia.org)
  • Image registration is a process that searches for the correct alignment of images. (wikipedia.org)
  • registration
  • In the 90's there were several solutions for image registration which were associated to linearizations of small deformation and non-linear elasticity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Procedures
  • Existing models lack features needed to simulate off-pump valvular procedures: functional, dynamic valves, apical and vascular access, and user flexibility for different activation patterns such as variable heart rates and rapid pacing. (spie.org)
  • 2001. The term Surgical Process (SP) has been defined as a set of one or more linked procedures or activities that collectively realise a surgical objective within the context of an organisational structure defining functional roles and relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgical
  • A Surgical Process Model (SPM) has been defined as a simplified pattern of an SP that reflects a predefined subset of interest of the SP in a formal or semi-formal representation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tissues
  • Thus, cell fusion is a regulated process capable of promoting cell survival and differentiation and thus could be of central importance for development, repair of tissues and even the pathogenesis of disease. (jove.com)
  • modular
  • MeVisLab features include: Image processing with the MeVis Image Processing Library (ML): The ML is a request-driven, page-based, modular, expandable C++ image processing library supporting up to six image dimensions (x, y, z, color, time, user dimensions). (wikipedia.org)
  • It supports large image volumes (e.g., 512x512x2000 CT volumes, 12bit), time-varying data (e.g. dynamic MRI volumes), lookup tables, interactive region of interest, sub-volume selection, modular, multi-purpose GLSL shader framework. (wikipedia.org)
  • procedure
  • The optimization procedure updates the transformation of the source image based on a similarity value that evaluates the current quality of the alignment. (wikipedia.org)
  • High resolution data acquired on 3-Tesla magnet and post-processed using automated tracking procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • support
  • The whole setup has the potential to support the intraoperative decision-making process during MVR where the surgeon usually has to make fundamental decision under time pressure. (spie.org)
  • To support the creation of image processing networks, MeVisLab offers an IDE that allows data-flow modelling by visual programming. (wikipedia.org)
  • spatial
  • Preprocessing is applied to the PET data with a unique 'HYPR' spatial filter 8 that reduces spatial noise but preserves critical temporal information. (jove.com)
  • However, little is known about how spatial information is integrated across more distant regions of the visual field in the absence of explicit local orientation cues, a process referred to here as visuospatial interpolation (VSI). (jove.com)
  • These data are consistent with previous studies that suggest higher level grouping processes -putatively involved in VSI- are automatically engaged when the spatial properties of a stimulus (e.g. size, orientation or relative position) are used to make a judgement. (jove.com)
  • In image-guided therapy research, Slicer is frequently used to construct and visualize collections of MRI data that are available pre- and intra-operatively to allow for the acquiring of spatial coordinates for instrument tracking. (wikipedia.org)
  • representative
  • Additionally, we provide a representative sample of data demonstrating location and magnitude of cellular forces using cited TFM protocols. (jove.com)
  • Experiments
  • Experiments with 200 CT data sets show that the proposed approach provided comparable results with respect to the experts. (hindawi.com)
  • brain
  • Recent studies using this technique identified stimulation induced changes in task-related functional brain activity at the stimulation site and also in more distant brain regions, which were associated with behavioral improvement. (jove.com)
  • Volume
  • DICOM and other file formats: DICOM is supported via an import step that automatically recognizes series of 2D DICOM frames that belong to the same 3D/4D image volume. (wikipedia.org)
  • detection
  • The difficulty for computer-aided detection (CADe) schemes is distinguishing true nodules from (overlapping) shadows, vessels, and ribs. (hindawi.com)
  • application
  • Standard image file formats are supported, and the application integrates interface capabilities to biomedical research software. (wikipedia.org)
  • For being able to move away from the SGI platform, the Image Vision Library was substituted by the platform-independent, inhouse-developed MeVis Image Processing Library (ML). In 2002, the code was adapted to work on the application framework Qt. (wikipedia.org)
  • develop
  • In these fields, however, the acquisition of the large training datasets, required to develop these models, is usually a time-consuming process. (jmir.org)
  • different
  • In an attempt to image these different tracts, more recent MRI sequences are capable of capturing a greater number of directions of water flow within a single voxel. (jefferson.edu)
  • model
  • Another survey was carried out among 7th grade students in America, which is known as the Precaution Process Adoption Model. (wikipedia.org)
  • techniques
  • The proposed workshop will provide an opportunity for computational biomechanics specialists to present and exchange opinions on the opportunities of applying their techniques to computer-integrated medicine. (miccai.org)
  • tools
  • 3D Slicer are extended to enable development of both interactive and batch processing tools for a variety of applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Educational technology is the process of integrating technology into education in a positive manner that promotes a more diverse learning environment and a way for students to learn how to use technology as well as their common assignments Given this definition, educational technology is an inclusive term for both the material tools and the theoretical foundations for supporting learning and teaching. (wikipedia.org)