• Dopamine
  • We describe experimental and statistical steps for creating dopamine movies of the brain from dynamic PET data. (jove.com)
  • Neuronal loss and dopamine depletion alters motor signal processing and propagation between the cortical motor areas, the basal ganglia and the thalamus resulting in the motor manifestation of Parkinson's disease (PD). (jefferson.edu)
  • fMRI
  • This method allows us to combine the high spatial resolution of fMRI with the high temporal resolution of TMS and EEG and therefore obtain a comprehensive understanding of the neural basis of various cognitive processes. (jove.com)
  • Brain state classification has been accomplished using features such as voxel intensities, derived from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data, as inputs to efficient classifiers such as support vector machines (SVM) and is based on the spatial localization model of brain function. (jove.com)
  • It is now appreciated that condition-relevant information can be present within distributed patterns of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) brain activity, even for conditions with similar levels of univariate activation. (jove.com)
  • FMRI investigators also often seek to understand how brain regions interact in interconnected networks, and use functional connectivity (FC) to identify regions that have correlated responses over time. (jove.com)
  • This issue can be addressed by combining tDCS with functional brain imaging techniques like functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) or electroencephalography (EEG). (jove.com)
  • In addition, tDCS administered during resting-state fMRI allowed identification of widespread changes in whole brain functional connectivity. (jove.com)
  • Imaging
  • Medical image segmentation is made difficult by low contrast, noise, and other imaging ambiguities. (wikipedia.org)
  • This project aims at developing advanced methods for robotic image acquisitions, enabling more flexible, patient- and process-specific functional and anatomical imaging with the operating theater. (tum.de)
  • In particular, this projects is the first one developing concepts for intraoperative SPECT-CT, and introduces intraoperative robotic Ultrasound imaging based on CT trajectory planning, enabling registration with angiographic data. (tum.de)
  • To examine the neural correlates of VSI high field functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to study brain activity while observers either judged the alignment of three Gabor patches by a process of interpolation or discriminated the local orientation of the individual patches. (jove.com)
  • Given its realistic imaging properties and non-biodegradable composition-silicone for tissue, water for blood-the system promises to reduce the number of animal trials required to develop image guidance applications for valvular repair and replacement. (spie.org)
  • SCI's imaging work addresses fundamental questions in 2D and 3D image processing, including filtering, segmentation, surface reconstruction, and shape analysis. (utah.edu)
  • Neuroscientists are developing new imaging techniques and generating large volumes of data in an effort to understand the complex structure of the nervous system. (utah.edu)
  • Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) techniques provide information on the microstructural processes of the cerebral white matter (WM) in vivo . (jove.com)
  • anatomical
  • We explain how to guide the stimulator's coil to the desired target area using anatomical or functional MRI data, how to record EEG during concurrent TMS, how to design an ERP study suitable for EEG-TMS combination and how to extract reliable ERP from the recorded data. (jove.com)
  • Finally annotated anatomical data sets can represent a significant investment of resources and should be easily accessible to the scientific community. (utah.edu)
  • The VSD is a novel system for scientific collaboration for the medical image community with a data-centric concept and semantically driven search option for anatomical structures. (jmir.org)
  • algorithmic
  • Fan-like images due to modalities such as curved-array ultrasound are also common and require different representational and algorithmic techniques to process. (wikipedia.org)
  • As such, educational technology refers to all valid and reliable applied education sciences, such as equipment, as well as processes and procedures that are derived from scientific research, and in a given context may refer to theoretical, algorithmic or heuristic processes: it does not necessarily imply physical technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • quantitative
  • Our quantitative data demonstrated differences in the surface texture between the fibronectin and fibrillin-2 network in Day 1 (gastrulating) embryos, with the fibronectin network being relatively coarse compared to the fibrillin-2 network. (jove.com)
  • physiological
  • Recent work has shown the mechanical properties of the ECM regulate focal adhesion and F-actin morphology as well as numerous physiological processes, including cell differentiation, division, proliferation and migration. (jove.com)
  • statistical
  • To solve these problems, the Virtual Skeleton Database (VSD) is proposed as a centralized storage system where the data necessary to build statistical shape models can be stored and shared. (jmir.org)
  • The processing of the most common image file types, a statistical shape model framework, and an ontology-based search provide the generic tools to store, exchange, and retrieve digital medical datasets. (jmir.org)
  • Pivotal
  • Pivotal response treatment prompts a functional rewiring of the brain among individuals with autism spectrum disorder. (yale.edu)
  • In fact, Slicer has already played such a pivotal role in image-guided therapy, it can be considered as growing up alongside that field, with over 200 publications referencing Slicer since 1998. (wikipedia.org)
  • guidance
  • performed while the heart is beating, these procedures require surgeons and cardiologists to learn new image-guidance based techniques. (spie.org)
  • Beating heart valve therapies rely extensively on image guidance to treat patients who would be considered inoperable with conventional surgery. (spie.org)
  • images
  • We are aiming to develop techniques for high throughput computerised assessment of cellular, tissue and organ structure and function, based on images and multimodal integration. (cistib.com)
  • Medical image computing typically operates on uniformly sampled data with regular x-y-z spatial spacing (images in 2D and volumes in 3D, generically referred to as images). (wikipedia.org)
  • The particular meaning of the data at the sample point depends on modality: for example a CT acquisition collects radiodensity values, while a MRI acquisition may collect T1 or T2-weighted images. (wikipedia.org)
  • Image registration is a process that searches for the correct alignment of images. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2016
  • Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS 2016) , accepted to appear. (uta.edu)
  • IEEE International Conference on Data Mining (ICDM 2016) , accepted to appear. (uta.edu)
  • characterize
  • Our data identify, and partially characterize, stage-specific regional anisotropy of fibronectin texture within tissues of a warm-blooded embryo. (jove.com)
  • Just as univariate analyses can be insensitive to information in MVPs, FC may not fully characterize the brain networks that process conditions with characteristic MVP signatures. (jove.com)
  • Computing
  • Medical image computing (MIC) is an interdisciplinary field at the intersection of computer science, data science, electrical engineering, physics, mathematics and medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • volumes
  • It supports large image volumes (e.g., 512x512x2000 CT volumes, 12bit), time-varying data (e.g. dynamic MRI volumes), lookup tables, interactive region of interest, sub-volume selection, modular, multi-purpose GLSL shader framework. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • It adopts a special focus on hospital information and radiological systems (HIS and RIS) so as to link information from medical records with the radiological and non-radiological image. (cistib.com)
  • Intelligent Medical Image Grouping Through Interactive Learning. (rit.edu)
  • An Expert-in-the-loop Paradigm for Learning Medical Image Grouping. (rit.edu)
  • From Spoken Narratives to Domain Knowledge: Mining Linguistic Data for Medical Image Understanding. (rit.edu)
  • registration
  • In the 90's there were several solutions for image registration which were associated to linearizations of small deformation and non-linear elasticity. (wikipedia.org)
  • evaluate
  • the two tracers used can be replaced by different radiotracers to evaluate other processes in the brain. (jove.com)
  • Educational technologists try to analyze, design, develop, implement and evaluate process and tools to enhance learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Procedures
  • Existing models lack features needed to simulate off-pump valvular procedures: functional, dynamic valves, apical and vascular access, and user flexibility for different activation patterns such as variable heart rates and rapid pacing. (spie.org)
  • 2001. The term Surgical Process (SP) has been defined as a set of one or more linked procedures or activities that collectively realise a surgical objective within the context of an organisational structure defining functional roles and relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therapy
  • In image-guided therapy research, Slicer is frequently used to construct and visualize collections of MRI data that are available pre- and intra-operatively to allow for the acquiring of spatial coordinates for instrument tracking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tissues
  • Thus, cell fusion is a regulated process capable of promoting cell survival and differentiation and thus could be of central importance for development, repair of tissues and even the pathogenesis of disease. (jove.com)
  • procedure
  • The optimization procedure updates the transformation of the source image based on a similarity value that evaluates the current quality of the alignment. (wikipedia.org)
  • High resolution data acquired on 3-Tesla magnet and post-processed using automated tracking procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • support
  • The whole setup has the potential to support the intraoperative decision-making process during MVR where the surgeon usually has to make fundamental decision under time pressure. (spie.org)
  • To support the creation of image processing networks, MeVisLab offers an IDE that allows data-flow modelling by visual programming. (wikipedia.org)
  • Volume
  • DICOM and other file formats: DICOM is supported via an import step that automatically recognizes series of 2D DICOM frames that belong to the same 3D/4D image volume. (wikipedia.org)
  • spatial
  • Preprocessing is applied to the PET data with a unique 'HYPR' spatial filter 8 that reduces spatial noise but preserves critical temporal information. (jove.com)
  • However, little is known about how spatial information is integrated across more distant regions of the visual field in the absence of explicit local orientation cues, a process referred to here as visuospatial interpolation (VSI). (jove.com)
  • These data are consistent with previous studies that suggest higher level grouping processes -putatively involved in VSI- are automatically engaged when the spatial properties of a stimulus (e.g. size, orientation or relative position) are used to make a judgement. (jove.com)
  • Vision
  • Computer Vision and Image Understanding 151. (rit.edu)
  • For being able to move away from the SGI platform, the Image Vision Library was substituted by the platform-independent, inhouse-developed MeVis Image Processing Library (ML). In 2002, the code was adapted to work on the application framework Qt. (wikipedia.org)
  • representative
  • Additionally, we provide a representative sample of data demonstrating location and magnitude of cellular forces using cited TFM protocols. (jove.com)
  • Experiments
  • Experiments with 200 CT data sets show that the proposed approach provided comparable results with respect to the experts. (hindawi.com)
  • application
  • Infusing Perceptual Expertise and Domain Knowledge into a Human-centered Image Retrieval System: A Prototype Application. (rit.edu)
  • Standard image file formats are supported, and the application integrates interface capabilities to biomedical research software. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • The cost and overhead of collecting and storing the data can be extremely high. (utah.edu)
  • It offers a priority-controlled page cache and high performance for large data sets. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain
  • Recent studies using this technique identified stimulation induced changes in task-related functional brain activity at the stimulation site and also in more distant brain regions, which were associated with behavioral improvement. (jove.com)
  • develop
  • In these fields, however, the acquisition of the large training datasets, required to develop these models, is usually a time-consuming process. (jmir.org)
  • different
  • In an attempt to image these different tracts, more recent MRI sequences are capable of capturing a greater number of directions of water flow within a single voxel. (jefferson.edu)
  • model
  • A Surgical Process Model (SPM) has been defined as a simplified pattern of an SP that reflects a predefined subset of interest of the SP in a formal or semi-formal representation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another survey was carried out among 7th grade students in America, which is known as the Precaution Process Adoption Model. (wikipedia.org)