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  • disease
  • The disease is spread through sap containing the virus and can be transferred to other areas mostly by mechanical means such as lawn mowers and other equipment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The virus, particularly maize dwarf mosaic disease caused by SCMV, has been among the most damaging diseases affecting maize production in China due to the large affect it has on yield. (wikipedia.org)
  • spread
  • Only a small number of seedlings need to be infected for the virus to spread rapidly. (wikipedia.org)
  • The virus then begins infecting reading frames such as TGB1, TGB 2, and TGB 3, each of which aid in the virus's ability to spread from cell-to-cell in the orchid. (wikipedia.org)
  • The virus was first noticed in Puerto Rico in 1916 and spread rapidly throughout the southern United States in the early 1920's. (wikipedia.org)
  • To minimize spread of sugarcane mosaic virus all equipment used should be sanitized. (wikipedia.org)
  • However CMV is less stable than viruses like TMV and therefore is not as easily spread by humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The virus, as spread by aphids, has an acquisition period of five to ten seconds and an inoculation period of about a minute. (wikipedia.org)
  • hosts
  • In the spring the virus grows with plant and emerges in the top leaves, where it is picked up by aphids and carried to other hosts. (wikipedia.org)
  • plants
  • The leaves of these plants turn mosaic and their rugosity is often changed, making leaves wrinkled and misshapen. (wikipedia.org)
  • This virus can overwinter in perennial weeds, flowers and often crop plants by surviving in the roots. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • The virus was found in Alternanthera pugens (Amaranthaceae), a weed found in both the southern USA and Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In sugarcane, this is the most widespread virus and 21 strains of it have been found in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • It is possible to attach a number of different chemicals to the virus surface and to construct multilayer arrays of such nanoparticles on solid surfaces. (wikipedia.org)
  • A different orchid virus, the orchid fleck virus, may be transmitted by the Brevipalpus mite. (wikipedia.org)
  • particles
  • In this application, the virus particles separate the fluorescent dyes used for signaling in order to prevent the formation of non-fluorescent dimers that act as quenchers. (wikipedia.org)
  • seed coat
  • The data also demonstrated that seed coat mottling, which can result in financial penalties to producers, was unreliable for predicting relative amounts of virus in seed. (iastate.edu)
  • identify
  • One aspect of our virus screening is to identify those varieties with a lower incidence that would slow virus spread. (uwex.edu)
  • different
  • It is possible to attach a number of different chemicals to the virus surface and to construct multilayer arrays of such nanoparticles on solid surfaces. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Dr Rick Mumford, senior virologist at CSL is quoted as stating "Typical virus symptoms include flecking, mosaic, leaf streaking and necrosis, which in severe cases render plants unsaleable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asparagus 1 virus is readily separated from the others because its host range is limited and it causes only necrotic local lesions in Chenopodium quinoa and no symptoms in Cucumis sativus, Phaseolus vulgaris or Nicotiana tabacum. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • The telomerase RNA component contains a pseudoknot that is critical for activity, and several viruses use a pseudoknot structure to form a tRNA-like motif to infiltrate the host cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • potentially
  • While the mechanism for the decreased virus-induced mortality is still unknown, Wolbachia provides antiviral properties, potentially perpetuated by outcompeting the virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • hosts
  • Greenhouses and botanical gardens would provide the most favorable condition for the virus to spread, due to the high population density of possible hosts and the constant temperature throughout the year. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • Virus causes colour breaks in flowers CYMV infected foliage BYMV infected foliage Lockhart BEL, 1988. (wikipedia.org)
  • Version
  • It was a reworked version of Spyglass Mosaic, which Microsoft licensed from Spyglass Inc., like many other companies initiating browser development. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • As long as the surrounding temperature remains below approximately 40 degrees Celsius, hemp mosaic virus can sustain its stable form. (wikipedia.org)
  • responsible
  • Outside of Asia, viruses belonging to the O CATHAY topotype have been responsible for isolated FMD outbreaks that occurred in Europe in 1981 (Thalheim, Austria), 1982 (Wuppertal, Germany) and 1995 (Moscow, Russia). (biomedcentral.com)
  • cases
  • The analysis suggests that viruses from the O CATHAY topotype have been continually maintained within swine industries close to Hong Kong SAR, following the extinction of virus lineages from the Philippines and the reduced number of FMD cases in Taiwan. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Common
  • Researchers at Oregon State University recently discovered these viruses and concluded that the one of them that was the most common. (smithsonianmag.com)
  • ability
  • At one time it was thought that Cannas may have the ability to outgrow the virus, but that is not the case. (wikipedia.org)