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  • rates
  • This is reflected in high child mortality rates in most developing countries as seen in Figure 2.4. (zanran.com)
  • Latin America/ Caribbean India China Source: Based on country child mortality rates (under 5 years ) in World Development Indicators, World Bank. (zanran.com)
  • Maternal mortality rates are often impacted by cultural or traditional practices that often prevent women from seeking delivery or post-partum care. (unicef.org)
  • The highest rates of child mortality continue to be found in sub-Saharan Africa, where 1 in 8 children dies before their fifth birthday--nearly 20 times the average for developed regions (1 in 167). (unicef.org)
  • To determine which delivery channels are associated with the greatest reductions in under-5 mortality rates (U5MR), we used data from sequential population-based surveys to examine the correlation between changes in coverage of clinical, outreach, and family and community services and in U5MR for 27 high-burden countries. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Average annual changes (AAC) between the most recent and penultimate survey were calculated for under-five mortality rates and for 22 variables in the domains of clinical, outreach, and family- and community-based services. (biomedcentral.com)
  • For all 27 countries and a subset of 19 African countries, we conducted principal component analysis to reduce the variables into a few components in each domain and applied linear regression to assess the correlation between changes in the principal components and changes in under-five mortality rates after controlling for multiple potential confounding factors. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This recent progress is close to the average rate needed to be "on track" to meet MDG 4, since under-five mortality rates needs to be going down by at least 4 percent annually. (worldbank.org)
  • estimates
  • The estimates are the work of a number of UN system organizations that form the Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation, and are developed with oversight and advice from independent experts from academic institutions. (unicef.org)
  • health
  • Indeed, levels of maternal mortality often reflect the overall performance of a country's national health system - particularly during delivery and in the postnatal period, when mothers and newborns are most vulnerable. (unicef.org)
  • According to them, the millennium development goal 5 focused on improving maternal health by reducing maternal mortality ratio and achieving universal access to reproductive health by 2015. (dawn.com)
  • practices
  • Project coordinator Dr Saeed said Mercy Corps and Khwendo Kor would jointly work for reducing maternal mortality caused by postpartum hemorrhage by addressing policies and practices in Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Federally Administered Tribal Areas. (dawn.com)
  • Year
  • Maternal mortality, or "pregnancy-related death," is defined by the CDC as the death of a woman while pregnant or within one year of pregnancy termination from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management. (georgiahealthnews.com)
  • maternal
  • Neonatal intensive care unit Maternal death Neonaticide Miscarriage Pregnancy and Infant Loss Remembrance Day http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/prh/rh_indicators/specific/nb/perinatal-mortality-rate-pmr http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/topics/maternal/maternal_perinatal/en/ Richardus JH, Graafmans WC, Verloove-Vanhorick SP, Mackenbach JP (January 1998). (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2009 update of Birth of a Surgeon captures one woman's story on the frontlines of improving maternal mortality in Africa. (pbs.org)
  • The sluggish gains made in reducing maternal mortality over the past eight years may be reversed amid the global economic crisis. (pbs.org)
  • See the top ten best -- and worst -- countries for maternal mortality. (pbs.org)
  • Infant mortality due to low birth weight is usually a direct cause stemming from other medical complications such as preterm birth, poor maternal nutritional status, lack of prenatal care, maternal sickness during pregnancy, and an unhygienic home environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maternal mortality has additional challenges, especially as they pertain to stillbirths, abortions, and multiple births. (wikipedia.org)
  • This technique involves researchers estimating maternal mortality by contacting women in populations of interest and asking whether or not they have a sister, if the sister is of child-rearing age (usually 15) and conducting an interview or written questions about possible deaths among sisters. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Maternal Mortality Ratio is a key performance indicator for efforts to improve the health and safety of mothers before, during, and after childbirth per country worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is not to be confused with the Maternal Mortality Rate, which is the number of maternal deaths (direct and indirect) in a given period per 100,000 women of reproductive age during the same time period. (wikipedia.org)
  • The yearly report started in 1990 and is called Trends in Maternal Mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of the 2015 data published in 2016, the countries that have seen an increase in the Maternal Mortality Ratio since 1990 are the Bahamas, Georgia, Guyana, Jamaica, Dem. (wikipedia.org)
  • After noticing that the United States had a continuously increasing MMR despite a relatively stable number of live births, the Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Task Force was created in 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • christopher-hitchens
  • Mortality is a 2012, posthumously published book by Anglo-American writer Christopher Hitchens , comprising seven essays which first appeared in Vanity Fair concerning his struggle with oesophageal cancer, with which he was diagnosed during his 2010 book tour and to which he succumbed in December 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bowcott, Owen (1 July 2010) "Author Christopher Hitchens diagnosed with cancer" from The Guardian Grimes, William (16 December 2011) "Christopher Hitchens, Polemicist Who Slashed All, Freely, Dies at 62" in The New York Times Buckley, Christopher (30 August 2012) "Review of Mortality: Staying Power" in The New York Times Christopher Hitchens contributor page at Vanity Fair: http://www.vanityfair.com/contributors/christopher-hitchens Hitchens, Christopher (2012). (wikipedia.org)
  • salience
  • Mortality salience is the awareness by an individual that his or her death is inevitable. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term derives from terror management theory, which proposes that mortality salience causes existential anxiety that may be buffered by an individual's cultural worldview and/or sense of self-esteem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mortality salience engages the conflict that humans have to face both their instinct to avoid death completely, and their intellectual knowledge that avoiding death is ultimately futile. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mortality salience comes into effect, because humans contribute all of their actions to either avoiding death or distracting themselves from the contemplation of it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most research done on terror management theory revolves around the mortality salience paradigm. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been found that religious individuals as well as religious fundamentalists are less vulnerable to mortality salience manipulations, and so religious believers engage in cultural worldview defense to a lesser extent than nonreligious individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mortality salience is highly manipulated by one's self-esteem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals with low self-esteem are more apt to experience the effects of mortality salience, whereas individuals with high self-esteem are better able to cope with the idea that their death is uncontrollable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mortality salience has the potential to cause worldview defense, a psychological mechanism that strengthens people's connection with their in-group as a defense mechanism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies also show that mortality salience can lead people to feel more inclined to punish minor moral transgressions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another study found that mortality salience could cause an increase in support for martyrdom and military intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • They also found that, especially among students who were politically conservative, mortality salience increased support for military intervention, but not among students who were politically liberal. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the study, participants were asked to work through packets that had mortality salience manipulation questions in each. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, when linking mortality salience to gender, emotion, and sex, men are more likely to suffer from sexual infidelity, and women are more likely to suffer from emotional infidelity. (wikipedia.org)
  • With mortality salience, humans who have encountered near-death experiences develop a greater sense of self and meaning to life. (wikipedia.org)
  • displacement
  • This is especially true in developing countries, countries that are in conflict, areas where natural disasters have caused mass displacement, and other areas where there is a humanitarian crisis Household surveys or interviews are another way in which mortality rates are often assessed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Death marches can also lead to a significant mortality displacement, such as in the Trail of Tears, the Armenian Genocide, and the Bataan death march, wherein the oldest, weakest, and sickest died first. (wikipedia.org)
  • death
  • The critical response to Mortality was largely positive with friends and admirers of Hitchens praising both his character in confronting his death and the way that this was transferred onto the page. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colm Tóibín fondly wrote in The Guardian of his experiences with Hitchens, opining that "he was the best company in the world" and offered praise for Mortality , writing that "in this book he does everything to make sure that his voice remains civilised, searching and ready to vanquish all his enemies, most notably in this case the dullness of death and its silence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early neonatal mortality refers to a death of a live-born baby within the first seven days of life, while late neonatal mortality covers the time after 7 days until before 28 days. (wikipedia.org)
  • GBD 2013 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators (17 December 2014). (wikipedia.org)
  • In conclusion, living alone was independently associated with an increased risk of mortality and CV death in an international cohort of stable middle-aged outpatients with or at risk of atherothrombosis," wrote the authors in the report. (redorbit.com)
  • Neonatal mortality is newborn death occurring within 28 days postpartum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perioperative mortality has been defined as any death , regardless of cause, occurring within 30 days after surgery in or out of the hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to terror management theory, when human beings begin to contemplate their mortality and their vulnerability to death, feelings of terror emerge because of the simple fact that humans want to avoid their inevitable death. (wikipedia.org)
  • The weekly returns were based on death certificates, and therefore much more accurate than the bills of mortality based on burials. (wikipedia.org)
  • estimates
  • There is also the issue of parents being reported on by multiple children while some adults have no children, thus are not counted in mortality estimates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Estimates of fish mortality rates are often included in mathematical yield models to predict yield levels obtained under various exploitation scenarios. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mortality estimates are important to managers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Variations
  • The authors investigated how air pollutants fluctuate with macroeconomic conditions and whether these variations help to explain observed fluctuations in mortality rates between the years of 1982 and 2009. (nih.gov)
  • correlation
  • They found a significant positive correlation between pollution concentrations and mortality rates after controlling for demographic variables and state-by-year fixed effects. (nih.gov)
  • Consistent with previous research, they also found a negative correlation between county unemployment and mortality rates after controlling for the appropriate variables. (nih.gov)
  • Pauly's original method was based on the correlation of M with von Bertalanffy growth parameters (K and L∞) and temperature (Gunderson 2002): N0 = N 1*e(-Z*∆t) In the Hoenigs method, M was inversely correlated with longevity across a wide variety of taxa (Hewitt and Hoenig 2005): Ln(M) = 1.44-0.982*ln(tmax) Fishing mortality (F) can be estimated by dividing the catch by the mean stock size. (wikipedia.org)
  • respiratory
  • In developing countries, child mortality rates related to respiratory and diarrheal diseases can be reduced by introducing simple behavioral changes, such as handwashing with soap. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • In high-resource health care systems, statistics are often kept by mandatory reporting of perioperative mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Critics of this system point out that perioperative mortality may not reflect poor performance but could be caused by other factors, e.g. a high proportion of acute/unplanned surgery, or other patient-related factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • One major prospective study of 10,745 adult patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery from 357 centres in 58 high-, middle-, and low-income countries found that mortality is three times higher in low- compared with high-HDI countries even when adjusted for prognostic factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • For years Extraction from Mortality was hard to find, and copies sold for high prices in internet auctions. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • In many instances, it is also desirable to determine the survival probability function when the force of mortality is known. (wikipedia.org)
  • Extraction from Mortality, also known as Extraction, is the first album by the Christian thrash metal band Believer. (wikipedia.org)
  • countries
  • The more prosperous countries, such as Canada , and the United States , have lower mortality rates because of better health care (though that can be argued quite nicely). (everything2.com)
  • Thank you to Mr. Armstrong , the dear old man who taught me much about mortality rates , third world countries , and just what it means to be a good little human . (everything2.com)
  • Many countries are now devoted to the child survival interventions as a way of reducing the child mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • year
  • They - 1) combined county-level data on overall, cause-specific, and age-specific mortality with county-level measures of ambient concentrations for three types of air pollutants (carbon monoxide, PM10, and ozone) and unemployment rates and 2) analyzed the relationship between macroeconomic conditions, air pollution, and mortality rates using regression techniques and panel data methods to control for demographic and pollution variables as well as state-by-year fixed effects. (nih.gov)
  • Ashen Mortality played many gigs in England during the year, playing with bands including: At the Gates, Serenade (band), Acrimony and Hecate Enthroned. (wikipedia.org)
  • The child survival strategies and interventions are in line with the fourth Millennium Development Goal which focused on reducing child mortality by 2/3 of children under five before the year 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • percentage
  • These mortality studies are generally done by using cages for a certain period of time following capture to determine the percentage of fish that die during being held in holding cages. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • Copies of this printed publication and a CD-ROM containing atlas text, maps, additional tables, and the mortality data used to create the maps are available from the National Technical Information Service ( NTIS ) and Government Printing Office ( GPO ). (cdc.gov)
  • Ideally, all mortality estimation would be done using vital statistics and census data. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Child survival is a field of public health concerned with reducing child mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Empowering women, removing financial and social barriers to accessing basic services, developing innovations that make the supply of critical services more available to the poor and increasing local accountability of health systems are policy interventions that have allowed health systems to improve equity and reduce mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • usually
  • Note that while we usually assume that in the starting configuration all but finitely many cells on the tape are blanks, in the mortality problem the tape can have arbitrary content, including infinitely many non-blank symbols written on it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Times
  • In a glowing review of Mortality in The New York Times , Christopher Buckley described Hitchens' seven essays as "diamond-hard and brilliant" and "word-perfect. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • One study, conducted by Dr. Jacob A. Udell of the Brigham and Women´s Hospital of the Harvard Medical School in Boston and his colleagues, found that living alone was connected with increased mortality and cardiovascular risk for particular age groups. (redorbit.com)
  • Prior research shows that levels of air pollution fluctuate with the rise and fall of economic conditions, and this study is the first to investigate if these changes are associated with fluctuations in mortality rates. (nih.gov)
  • One such study divided a group of judges into two groups-one that was asked to reflect upon their own mortality, and one group that was not. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • found that students who had reflected on their mortality showed preference towards people who supported martyrdom, and indicated they might consider martyrdom themselves. (wikipedia.org)