• disease
  • In acute liver failure the loss of liver function develops quickly within days or weeks most commonly in a patient who has no evidence of pre-existing liver disease. (medindia.net)
  • Increased microalbuminuria is a sign of renal disease and may be predictive of nephropathy risk in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes. (cdc.gov)
  • These effects were most pronounced in patients admitted with interstitial rather than severe disease. (biomedsearch.com)
  • His research interests focus on application of statistical and epidemiological methods to understand the genetic architecture of complex traits and disease, including diabetes and diabetic complications, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular and renal disease, and anthropometric and growth traits. (ucsd.edu)
  • biopsy
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Sex, age, renal biopsy findings, blood pressure, history of diabetic treatment, and plasma creatinine concentration at the start of renal replacement treatment. (bmj.com)
  • therapies
  • Advances made in the treatment of other diseases (e.g., sepsis and bone marrow transplant (BMT)) have placed more patients at risk of nephrotoxic therapies and medication leading to a spike in secondary AKI (mentioned above). (wikipedia.org)
  • procedure
  • Explain to interested patients that the survival advantage observed at 30 days for the endovascular procedure was no longer evident at two years. (medpagetoday.com)
  • It is defined as type 3 cardio-renal syndrome, in which kidney injury occurs secondary to the cardiac surgery procedure [1- (termedia.pl)
  • These data are not applicable to patients undergoing a simple CABG procedure with CPB. (termedia.pl)
  • adult patients
  • After clearance from institute's ethics committee and obtaining informed consent from the relatives, sixty adult patients with septic shock who were to undergo dialysis for AKI were included in the study. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • infection
  • Lessons learnt Dialysis specific surveillance of bacteraemia is critical to infection control in dialysis units and improving quality of care. (bmj.com)
  • Due to the deficient immune status of uremic subjects, which renders them unable to eliminate the virus, infected patients acting as virus reservoirs transmit the infection to other patients, to dialysis unit staff, to other categories of hospital personnel, and to their own families. (springer.com)
  • diabetic
  • The ratio of urine albumin to urine creatinine is used to predict nephropathy risk in diabetic patients. (cdc.gov)
  • Renal replacement treatment for diabetic patients in Newcastle upon Tyne and the Northern region, 1964-88. (bmj.com)
  • Comparison between the 42 diabetic patients and matched controls showed that the overall survival at five years was 46% and 77% respectively. (bmj.com)
  • The three year survival of the diabetic patients who did not receive a transplant was poor (41% v 79% respectively). (bmj.com)
  • Of patients transplanted, survival at five years was 73% in the diabetic patients and 90% in the controls. (bmj.com)
  • glomerular
  • It is then excreted by glomerular filtration during normal renal function. (cdc.gov)
  • The pathophysiology of AKI can be broadly categorized into four main categories: ischemic injury - manifest by low glomerular blood flow or perfusion pressure to the renal capillary system, hypoxic injury to the renal interstitium, inflammation of the renal tubules, or necrosis and apoptosis of the renal parenchyma. (wikipedia.org)
  • septic shock
  • The influence of prior antibiotic exposure on hospital length of stay (LOS) and costs in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock attributed to Gram-negative bacteremia has not been previously examined. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Patients with Gram-negative bacteremia complicated by severe sepsis or septic shock had data abstraction from computerized medical records. (biomedcentral.com)
  • undergo
  • According to the researchers, about 45,000 U.S. patients with unruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm undergo elective repair each year, and about 1,400 die in the first 30 days. (medpagetoday.com)
  • therapy
  • Caspofungin was given as first-line therapy to 59 (73%) patients. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • 95% CI: 59%, 96%) of patients receiving combination therapy with caspofungin (modified all-patients-treated population). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • A reinvestment can finance a strengthened collaboration with licensed nephrologists to improve therapy quality and availability of RRT-units in local hospitals. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is an essential therapy in the setting of AKI and fluid overload. (hindawi.com)
  • It is unclear which patients are appropriate for therapy, which modalities should be used, what the triggers are for initiation, what "dose" should be prescribed, and how long treatment should continue. (hindawi.com)
  • Patients were assigned to intensive ( n = 765) or conventional ( n = 783) insulin therapy. (annals.org)
  • treatment
  • Creatinine measurement is useful in the diagnosis and treatment of renal diseases, in monitoring renal dialysis, and is used to standardize other urinary analytes (e.g. environmental chemicals). (cdc.gov)
  • On average, the patients were aged 25 (range 5-57) when diabetes was first diagnosed and 44 (range 24-70) at the start of renal replacement treatment. (bmj.com)
  • The mean age at the start of treatment was 40 for patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes and 58 for patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes. (bmj.com)
  • Stress hyperglycemia is especially common in patients with hypertonic dehydration and those with elevated catecholamine levels (e.g., after emergency department treatment of acute asthma with epinephrine). (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the most sweeping changes in intensive care unit (ICU) and post-surgical care in recent years is the trend toward more aggressive treatment of stress-induced hyperglycemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Drukker W, Haagsma-Schouten WAG, Albert C, Baarda B: Report on regular dialysis treatment in Europe. (springer.com)
  • The choice of which RRT modality to use depends on numerous criteria that are both patient and treatment center specific. (hindawi.com)
  • Further analysis of a Danish study (CONDI-1), in which patients were treated in the ambulance, showed that those who received RIC did not show a decline in myocardial salvage index (a measure of a healthy heart) when they experienced a delay in treatment, while the control group experienced a significant decline in salvage index. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • Subgroup analysis demonstrated that these benefits were more pronounced in patients with interstitial rather than severe pancreatitis at admission. (biomedsearch.com)
  • blood glucose
  • It is often discovered when routine blood chemistry measurements in an ill patient reveal an elevated blood glucose. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of research studies have demonstrated that even mildly elevated blood glucose levels (110 mg/dL or 6.1 mmol/L) in a hospital intensive care unit (ICU) can measurably increase the morbidity and mortality of such patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this trial (the NICE-SUGAR Study), patients randomised to the intensive glucose control group had a target blood sugar range of 4.5 to 6.0 mmol/L while those placed in the conventional glucose control group had a blood glucose target range of 8.0 to 10.0 mmol/L (as compared to 10.0 to 11.1 mmol/L in Van den Berghe, 2001). (wikipedia.org)
  • admission
  • Design Prospective study in a London dialysis unit of the implementation and applicability of a dialysis associated bacteraemia surveillance scheme developed in the United States and its effect on bacteraemia, antibiotic usage, and admission. (bmj.com)
  • cardiac surgery
  • Biernawska J, Bober J, Kotfis K, Bogacka A, Barnik E, ┼╗ukowski M. Cardiac surgery related cardio-renal syndrome assessed by conventional and novel biomarkers - under or overestimated diagnosis? (termedia.pl)
  • Risk
  • Various large cohort studies have shown that microalbuminuria is a strong risk predictor for cardiovascular morbidity and all-cause mortality. (cdc.gov)
  • The composite of risk factors and early signs of injury for AKI, renal angina is used as a clinical adjunct to help optimize the use of novel AKI biomarker testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • found that elderly patients were six times (95% CI 3.6-10.8) more likely at risk of dying at weekends. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the nursing care level, those patient receiving less care by Registered Nurses (RNs) at weekends were at increased risk of dying (RR = 2.236, 95% CI 1.27-3.94) while those receiving a higher skill-mix, thus indicating that more nursing care was offered by RNs instead of Nursing Auxiliaries were at less risk of dying (RR = 0.940, 95% CI = 0.91-0.97). (wikipedia.org)