Loading...
  • disease
  • In acute liver failure the loss of liver function develops quickly within days or weeks most commonly in a patient who has no evidence of pre-existing liver disease. (medindia.net)
  • Increased microalbuminuria is a sign of renal disease and may be predictive of nephropathy risk in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes. (cdc.gov)
  • These effects were most pronounced in patients admitted with interstitial rather than severe disease. (biomedsearch.com)
  • His research interests focus on application of statistical and epidemiological methods to understand the genetic architecture of complex traits and disease, including diabetes and diabetic complications, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular and renal disease, and anthropometric and growth traits. (ucsd.edu)
  • Incidence data for AKI is also commonly reported by association to the inciting disease processes or the use of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), otherwise known as continuous dialysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on GFR, serum creatinine values, and urine output plotted against time of admission, RIFLE, a mnemonic for three levels of severity - Risk, Injury, and Failure, and two outcomes, Loss and End-stage kidney disease, marks progressive degrees of injury in both ICU and non-ICU adult patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • ESRD
  • We examined the costs associated with ESRD in patients receiving HD treatments in the region of the Northern Territory known as the "Top End" (the Darwin, Katherine and East Arnhem regions). (mja.com.au)
  • coronary
  • BACKGROUND: Preoperative creatinine values higher than 2.5 mg/dL are associated with markedly increased risk for both mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Unlike angina pectoris, commonly caused due to ischemia of the heart muscle secondary to coronary artery occlusion or vasospasm, renal angina carries no obvious physical symptomatology (i.e., flank tenderness, suprapubic tenderness, pain with voiding or micturition). (wikipedia.org)
  • Like acute coronary syndrome which precedes or is a sign of a heart attack, renal angina is used as a herald sign for a kidney attack. (wikipedia.org)
  • remote ischemic conditioning reduced infarct size in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients when used in the ambulance or emergency department as an adjunct therapy to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), or when used with thrombolytic drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • outcomes
  • Point out that the patients in this study will be followed for an additional seven years to evaluate long-term differences in outcomes with the two procedures. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Eligible studies included randomized clinical trials (RCTs) or prospective cohort studies comparing outcomes of mortality, dialysis dependence or length of stay among critically ill adults receiving CRRT, IHD or SLED to treat AKI. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • The effects of the weekend on patient outcomes has been a concern since the late 1970s, and a 'weekend effect' is now well documented. (wikipedia.org)
  • Variations in the outcomes for patients treated for many acute and chronic conditions have been studied. (wikipedia.org)
  • biopsy
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Sex, age, renal biopsy findings, blood pressure, history of diabetic treatment, and plasma creatinine concentration at the start of renal replacement treatment. (bmj.com)
  • progression
  • i ) early adverse parameters used to identify poor prognosis, ( ii ) the importance of early recognition, and ( iii ) appropriate management with aggressive fluid therapy and alkaline diuresis to prevent progression to renal failure. (scielo.org.za)
  • acidosis
  • New departmental clinical guidelines were introduced, with a focus on early identification of patients with CS, their admission to the critical care/resuscitation area, and aggressive management of hypovolaemia and acidosis. (scielo.org.za)
  • Type IV renal tubular acidosis (aldosterone resistance of the kidney's tubules) Gordon's syndrome (pseudohypoaldosteronism type II) ("familial hypertension with hyperkalemia"), a rare genetic disorder caused by defective modulators of salt transporters, including the thiazide-sensitive Na-Cl cotransporter. (wikipedia.org)
  • diabetic
  • The ratio of urine albumin to urine creatinine is used to predict nephropathy risk in diabetic patients. (cdc.gov)
  • Renal replacement treatment for diabetic patients in Newcastle upon Tyne and the Northern region, 1964-88. (bmj.com)
  • Comparison between the 42 diabetic patients and matched controls showed that the overall survival at five years was 46% and 77% respectively. (bmj.com)
  • Of patients transplanted, survival at five years was 73% in the diabetic patients and 90% in the controls. (bmj.com)
  • glomerular
  • It is then excreted by glomerular filtration during normal renal function. (cdc.gov)
  • The pathophysiology of AKI can be broadly categorized into four main categories: ischemic injury - manifest by low glomerular blood flow or perfusion pressure to the renal capillary system, hypoxic injury to the renal interstitium, inflammation of the renal tubules, or necrosis and apoptosis of the renal parenchyma. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • We aim to shed light on the pitfalls of continuing dialysis on such forms of vascular accesses and to review the diagnosis and management of infective endocarditis in similar cases. (hindawi.com)
  • In contrast, Uchino and coworkers [ 5 ] found no difference in outcome between 32 ESRF patients in an ICU and 32 diagnosis and severity score matched patients with AKI treated with renal replacement therapy (RRT). (biomedcentral.com)
  • We describe a retrospective study of patients admitted with a diagnosis of CS to the emergency department of a government hospital in rural KwaZulu-Natal, between November 2008 and June 2009. (scielo.org.za)
  • Creatinine measurement is useful in the diagnosis and treatment of renal diseases, in monitoring renal dialysis, and is used to standardize other urinary analytes (e.g. environmental chemicals). (cdc.gov)
  • procedure
  • Explain to interested patients that the survival advantage observed at 30 days for the endovascular procedure was no longer evident at two years. (medpagetoday.com)
  • undergo
  • According to the researchers, about 45,000 U.S. patients with unruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm undergo elective repair each year, and about 1,400 die in the first 30 days. (medpagetoday.com)
  • dependent
  • Fifty patients (77%) had insulin dependent diabetes and the remaining 15 (23%) non-insulin dependent diabetes. (bmj.com)
  • The mean age at the start of treatment was 40 for patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes and 58 for patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes. (bmj.com)
  • treatment
  • On average, the patients were aged 25 (range 5-57) when diabetes was first diagnosed and 44 (range 24-70) at the start of renal replacement treatment. (bmj.com)
  • Stress hyperglycemia is especially common in patients with hypertonic dehydration and those with elevated catecholamine levels (e.g., after emergency department treatment of acute asthma with epinephrine). (wikipedia.org)
  • Drukker W, Haagsma-Schouten WAG, Albert C, Baarda B: Report on regular dialysis treatment in Europe. (springer.com)
  • Clinicians and hospital administrators should consider the potential impact of recent antibiotic exposure when formulating empiric treatment decisions for patients with serious infections attributed to Gram-negative bacteria. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Further analysis of a Danish study (CONDI-1), in which patients were treated in the ambulance, showed that those who received RIC did not show a decline in myocardial salvage index (a measure of a healthy heart) when they experienced a delay in treatment, while the control group experienced a significant decline in salvage index. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • Subgroup analysis demonstrated that these benefits were more pronounced in patients with interstitial rather than severe pancreatitis at admission. (biomedsearch.com)
  • prevalence
  • Discharge coding data from a sample of United States Medicare beneficiaries demonstrated in increase in AKI prevalence from 14.2 to 34.6 AKI cases per 100 patient discharges and increase from 0.5 to 9.9 per 1,000 hospitalized children. (wikipedia.org)
  • admission
  • Design Prospective study in a London dialysis unit of the implementation and applicability of a dialysis associated bacteraemia surveillance scheme developed in the United States and its effect on bacteraemia, antibiotic usage, and admission. (bmj.com)
  • function
  • Forty-four patients were included in the study (41 male, 3 female), all presenting within 24 hours of injury: 27 were assaulted with sjamboks or sticks, 43 were discharged to the ward with normal or improving renal function, and 1 patient died. (scielo.org.za)
  • Mechanical ventilation and dialysis may be needed to support the function of the lungs and kidneys, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk
  • Various large cohort studies have shown that microalbuminuria is a strong risk predictor for cardiovascular morbidity and all-cause mortality. (cdc.gov)
  • The composite of risk factors and early signs of injury for AKI, renal angina is used as a clinical adjunct to help optimize the use of novel AKI biomarker testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • found that elderly patients were six times (95% CI 3.6-10.8) more likely at risk of dying at weekends. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the nursing care level, those patient receiving less care by Registered Nurses (RNs) at weekends were at increased risk of dying (RR = 2.236, 95% CI 1.27-3.94) while those receiving a higher skill-mix, thus indicating that more nursing care was offered by RNs instead of Nursing Auxiliaries were at less risk of dying (RR = 0.940, 95% CI = 0.91-0.97). (wikipedia.org)