• Biochemistry
  • 5 Department of Pediatrics, 6 High-Throughput Bioscience Center, 7 Department of Biochemistry, and 8 Department of Chemical and Systems Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. (jci.org)
  • fundamental
  • Sixteen years later, in 1905, Wilhelm Johannsen introduced the term 'gene' and William Bateson that of 'genetics' while Eduard Strasburger, amongst others, still used the term 'pangene' for the fundamental physical and functional unit of heredity. (wikipedia.org)
  • This natural process of horizontal gene transfer in plants is being utilized as a tool for fundamental and applied research in plant biology through Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated foreign gene transformation and insertional mutagenesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • field
  • This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the various techniques and workflows available to researchers today in the field of molecular breeding, and how these tools complement the ones already used in traditional breeding. (hindawi.com)
  • Although the concept of biology as a single coherent field arose in the 19th century, the biological sciences emerged from traditions of medicine and natural history reaching back to ayurveda, ancient Egyptian medicine and the works of Aristotle and Galen in the ancient Greco-Roman world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sequence
  • Molecular analysis of these alleles revealed that two contained a Ds element in HY2 and were instable, three have a large deletion that partially or completely removed HY2, one has a footprint in a HY2 exon and one leaky allele consisted of a 22 kb inversion upstream the HY2 coding sequence. (deepdyve.com)
  • modern
  • The history of biology traces the study of the living world from ancient to modern times. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term biology in its modern sense appears to have been introduced independently by Thomas Beddoes (in 1799), Karl Friedrich Burdach (in 1800), Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus (Biologie oder Philosophie der lebenden Natur, 1802) and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (Hydrogéologie, 1802). (wikipedia.org)
  • Modern genetics began with the work of the Augustinian friar Gregor Johann Mendel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sense
  • In the sense of classical genetics, variation is known as the lack of resemblance in related individuals and can be categorized as discontinuous or continuous. (wikipedia.org)
  • trend
  • The usage of complete ORFeomes reflects a new trend in biology that can be succinctly summarized as omics. (wikipedia.org)
  • structure
  • Its molecular structure has DNA bases attached to a backbone of methylenemorpholine rings linked through phosphorodiamidate groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • Fuchs began her career-defining work on skin biology during her postdoctoral work with Howard Green at MIT. (wikipedia.org)
  • natural
  • Botany, zoology, and (in the case of fossils) geology replaced natural history and natural philosophy in the 18th and 19th centuries before biology was widely adopted. (wikipedia.org)
  • site
  • Pol I possesses four enzymatic activities: A 5'→3' (forward) DNA-Dependent DNA polymerase activity, requiring a 3' primer site and a template strand A 3'→5' (reverse) exonuclease activity that mediates proofreading A 5'→3' (forward) exonuclease activity mediating nick translation during DNA repair. (wikipedia.org)