• Stochastic
  • Phylogenetics is an area that deals with the reconstruction and analysis of phylogenetic (evolutionary) trees and networks based on inherited characteristics Traditional population genetic models deal with alleles and genotypes, and are frequently stochastic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Units
  • The input stage of these models is not electrical, but rather has either pharmacological (chemical) concentration units, or physical units that characterize an external stimulus such as light, sound or other forms of physical pressure. (wikipedia.org)
  • thesis
  • This thesis presents a new model that integrates learning of object-specific features with the HMAX. (mit.edu)
  • This thesis considers the problem of modelling bioreactors with complex mixing and biokinetic growth based on both soluble nutrients and photosynthesis. (bl.uk)
  • dynamics
  • Additionally an investigation into the factors which may influence the results when using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to model the flow field within a gas-lift bioreactor was performed. (bl.uk)
  • Work in this area dates back to the 19th century, and even as far as 1798 when Thomas Malthus formulated the first principle of population dynamics, which later became known as the Malthusian growth model. (wikipedia.org)
  • Population models are used to determine maximum harvest for agriculturists, to understand the dynamics of biological invasions, and for environmental conservation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quantitative
  • This unit builds on the foundation provided in Quantitative Methods in Biology to familiarise students with more advanced model building techniques including generalised linear, mixed and additive models, regression trees, bootstrapping methods, and non-linear regression. (edu.au)
  • neural
  • So far the physics engine Gepetto has been built and models of the neural connectome and a muscle cell have been created in the NeuroML format. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such a model has been previously studied in the context of gene regulation and neural networks, as well as biochemical kinetics. (inria.fr)
  • physics
  • He has presided the International Council for NMR in Biological Systems, the Indian Biophysical Society, the Indian Chemical Society and has served as the vice president of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics. (wikipedia.org)
  • distinguish
  • Although there are many commonalities, two aspects, in particular, distinguish biological networks from networks found in other fields: Firstly, in biological systems, copy numbers of many species are very low, which can give rise to significant relative fluctuations. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Some models in this category are black box models and distinguish only between two measured voltage levels: the presence of a spike (also known as "action potential") or a quiescent state. (wikipedia.org)
  • 20th century
  • Great advances in immunology and oncology continued to characterize the 20th century, for which we indebted to the chicken model. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • The hierarchy of complexity levels of organization in the biosphere is also recognized in modern classifications of taxonomic ranks, such as: biological domain and biosphere, biological kingdom, Phylum, biological class, order, family, genus and species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Population models can track the fragile species and work and curb the decline. (wikipedia.org)
  • Together, Lotka and Volterra formed the Lotka-Volterra model for competition that applies the logistic equation to two species illustrating competition, predation, and parasitism interactions between species. (wikipedia.org)
  • The equilibrium model of island biogeography describes the number of species on an island as an equilibrium of immigration and extinction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fertilized eggs almost immediately become transparent, a characteristic that makes D. rerio a convenient research model species. (wikipedia.org)
  • realistic model
  • Unlike most of these studies, nonuniform decay rates and several thresholds per variable are assumed, thus considering a more realistic model. (inria.fr)
  • specifically
  • More specifically, we focus here on inference of biological network structure using the growing sets of high-throughput expression data for genes, proteins, and metabolites. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data
  • Computers are critical to analysis and modelling of these data. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can be done by data integration in dynamic models supported by background literature, or information in public databases, combined with the clustering results. (wikipedia.org)
  • unified theory
  • To accelerate the convergence to a unified theory, we list several models in each category, and where applicable, also references to supporting experiments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results
  • From the results of investigations performed on the different modelling methods for nutrient and photosynthesis dependent biomass growth a method of coupling the two biokinetic models was proposed. (bl.uk)
  • In the case presented here it was found that the transition SST turbulence model provided the best results with the k-w SST also performing well. (bl.uk)
  • Various models of the spread of infections have been proposed and analyzed, and provide important results that may be applied to health policy decisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • however, such approaches are not focused on, or do not include, the conceptual part of complexity related to organization and topological attributes or algebraic topology, such as network connectivity of genomes, interactomes and biological organisms that are very important. (wikipedia.org)
  • computer
  • A dynamic computer model of intracellular signaling was the basis for Merrimack Pharmaceuticals to discover the target for their cancer medicine MM-111. (wikipedia.org)
  • Computer Automated Multi-Paradigm Modeling: An Introduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • differential
  • In certain such cases, as the small copy number limit is reached, differential equation-based models break down since the assumption of continuous molecular concentrations is no longer valid. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The modelling can be done by a Boolean network, by Ordinary differential equations or Linear regression models, e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • membranes
  • Many variant models have been studied, and interest has focused on proving computational universality for systems with a small number of membranes, for the purpose of solving NP-complete problems such as Boolean satisfiability (SAT) problems and the traveling salesman problem (TSP). (wikipedia.org)
  • laboratory
  • The probabilistic description taken by the models in this category was inspired from laboratory experiments involving either natural or pharmacological stimulation which exhibit variability in the resulting spike pattern. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 2010 At the technion he also heads the Enterprise Systems Modeling Laboratory. (wikipedia.org)