• 2017
  • activists for the independence of Western Sahara and Human rights defenders , but also the lawyers by their absence protest against this unfair trial whose first hearings were held on March 13th 2017 after months of postponements. (awsa.org.au)
  • petroleum
  • The overseeing authority is the Office National de Recherches et d'Exploitations Petrolieres (Office of Research and Petroleum exploitation) under the overall jurisdiction of the Ministry of Industry, Trade, Energy, and Mines]. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mining sector is poised for increased participation of private sector companies and also in the fuel sector in natural gas and petroleum extraction. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was announced in 2008 that the Abu Dhabi-based International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC) was in the beginning stages of preparations for the construction of an oil refinery at Jorf Lasfar at a cost of $5 billion. (wikipedia.org)
  • mineral
  • In 1920, mineral extraction was reported in the Rif in the area of Melilla, where there were three iron mines as well as one working lead and zinc ore. (wikipedia.org)
  • Here multistory draglines rise above the scrubland of the Peace River plains, veined with the remains of the ancient sea life that makes up the mineral phosphate. (csmonitor.com)
  • authorities
  • The press is mostly state controled even though there are free newspapers , and clampdowns have occurred following criticism of the authorities or articles concerning the [[Western Sahara]] situation. (wikitravel.org)
  • spokesman
  • We are directly tied to the farmer and until he gets a fair return on his commodities, we won't be going anywhere,'' explains Robert Bonnell, spokesman of the Florida Phosphate Council. (csmonitor.com)
  • territory
  • Both sides claim the territory of Western Sahara in its entirety. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Administratively, Morocco divided the territory under its control into administrative units (wilayas). (wikipedia.org)
  • The majority of the territory of Western Sahara - the Southern Provinces - is currently administered by the Kingdom of Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1965, the UN General Assembly adopted its first resolution on Western Sahara, asking Spain to decolonise the territory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mauritania withdrew its claims in 1979, and Morocco eventually secured de facto control of most of the territory, including all the major cities and natural resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • Provinces
  • The government conducts various economic and social development programs and includes these "Southern Provinces" in the national budget of government funding, national sport competitions, education programs, and national parliamentary elections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco has assigned a special satellite TV channel for the "Southern Provinces", called Laayoun TV. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 1991 ceasefire split the region in two between what Morocco calls its southern provinces and an area controlled by Polisario. (reuters.com)
  • borders
  • It has borders with Western Sahara to the south, Algeria to the east and the Spanish North African territories of Ceuta and Melilla on the Mediterranean coast in the north. (wikitravel.org)
  • During the Weimar Republic, the German government did not respect the Treaty of Versailles that it had been pressured to sign, and various government figures at the time rejected Germany's post-Versailles borders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Algeria
  • Following bloody clashes with the Polisario troops (SPLA) and deteriorating ties with Algeria, Mauritania pulled out in 1979 and gave up its share in the Western Sahara in order to avoid further complicated conflicts with the Sahrawi Republic, Algeria, and Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Well, it seems from news reports that, to quote one, there is now occurring "an outburst of hostile rhetoric between Morocco and Algeria (reflecting) a historic animosity rooted in irreconcilable differences" over Western Sahara. (investorintel.com)
  • year
  • Industry studies show that at normal rates of mining and with existing technology there is a 200-year supply of phosphate left here. (csmonitor.com)
  • With advances in mining technology expected to tap even deeper into Florida soil, there is a potential 500-year supply, they say. (csmonitor.com)
  • The government takes it lead from 46-year-old king Mohammed VI of the powerful 17th century Alaoui dynasty which permeates all politics and business here. (worldfishing.net)
  • Maghreb
  • According to the botanical criteria of Frank White and geographer Robert Capot-Rey, the northern limit of the Sahara corresponds to the northern limit of date palm cultivation and the southern limit of the range of esparto, a grass typical of the Mediterranean climate portion of the Maghreb and Iberia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco is a member of the United Nations and belongs to the African Union, Arab League, Arab Maghreb Union (UMA), Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), the Non-Aligned Movement and the Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN_SAD). (wikipedia.org)
  • Many countries from the Persian Gulf and Maghreb regions are getting more involved in large-scale development projects in Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • officials
  • In progressing plans to submit a new application we are working with government officials to seek improvement in the permitting process and iwi, academic, industry and central government input to ensure New Zealand can benefit from an environmentally superior phosphate source. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • Condemns
  • 2. Condemns human rights abuses in the areas of Western Sahara occupied by Morocco and urge the UN to extend the mandate of its mission in Western Sahara (MINURSO) to include human rights monitoring and reporting. (awsa.org.au)
  • Whereas Mozambique values its bilateral relationship with the Kingdom of Morocco, it, nonetheless, condemns the deplorable behavior of its delegation, which reveals a shocking lack of composure and respect for the high office of His Excellency the President of the Republic, for the nature of TICAD, as well as well as for other participants, distinguished representatives of sovereign States, international organizations and development partners. (innercitypress.com)
  • cargo
  • On June 15, the Court determined that the claim should proceed to a full trial, noting that the Saharawi government had prima facie ownership of the cargo. (awsa.org.au)
  • Kingdom of Moro
  • Notwithstanding and regrettably, the delegation of the Kingdom of Morocco, beyond its mandate, has hijacked the competencies of the co-organizers and of the host country by awarding to itself the right to control the accesses to the Joaquim Chissano International Conference Center, venue of the meeting, and to the meeting room, having even resorted to violence. (innercitypress.com)
  • important
  • The mining industry of Morocco is important to the national economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • At any rate environmental criticism is expected to be muted somewhat as the slump makes people realize just how important the phosphate industry is to their local economy. (csmonitor.com)
  • In terms of the volume of product processed, as of 2004, it was considered the second most important port in Morocco (just after Casablanca). (wikipedia.org)
  • Portraying Morocco as a democratic state became important if Morocco wished to receive loans and investments by foreign powers. (wikipedia.org)
  • million
  • Setolazar Company, working the Navarrete mine, had an extensive concession estimated to contain more than 4 million tons of iron ore. (wikipedia.org)
  • If all areas with a mean annual precipitation of less than 250 mm were included, the Sahara would be 11 million square kilometres (4,200,000 sq mi). (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco signed three loan agreements with the French Development Agency (AFD) in 2009, totalling up to 155 million euros. (wikipedia.org)
  • widespread
  • French is still popularly spoken and remains the second language in Morocco whilst Spanish is also widespread, particularly in the northern regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • largest
  • Play media The Sahara (Arabic: الصحراء الكبرى‎, al-ṣaḥrāʼ al-kubrá, 'the Greatest Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic. (wikipedia.org)
  • But jog off the main tourist trade routes, beyond the orange groves and into central Florida's ''Bone Valley'' and the state's third largest industry - phosphate mining - becomes very visible. (csmonitor.com)
  • Spain and France are currently the largest exporting and importing partners to Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the Arab world, Morocco has the second-largest non-oil GDP, behind Egypt, as of 2005. (wikipedia.org)
  • Economy
  • As such, the majority of the economical activity of Western Sahara happens in the framework of the economy of Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relations with foreign powers, especially with the West, have also been strengthened as Morocco has liberalized its economy and implemented major economic reforms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The economy of Morocco is considered a relatively liberal economy governed by the law of supply and demand. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco has become a major player in African economic affairs, and is the 5th African economy by GDP (PPP). (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco is a fairly stable economy with continuous growth over the past half-century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco instituted a series of development plans to modernize the economy and increase production during the 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • permit
  • Industry spokesmen, who feel constrained by environmental permit processes that add time and extra costs to mining projects, suggest that there has been a substantial cleanup. (csmonitor.com)
  • Its permit covers 8,000 sq km and includes 185km of outcrops of phosphate-bearing shale. (investorintel.com)
  • markets
  • The export market has decreased because the high cost of the dollar created an artificial price increase for phosphate on foreign markets, and there are cheaper places for them to buy. (csmonitor.com)
  • annually
  • According to climatic criteria, the southern limit of the Sahara corresponds to the 150 mm (5.9 in) isohyet of annual precipitation (this is a long-term average, since precipitation varies annually). (wikipedia.org)
  • region
  • The region is littered with elongated lakes, the remains of 100 years of strip mining which has provided more than 80 percent of the nation's phosphate supply and one-third of the world's. (csmonitor.com)
  • Spanish
  • date= (help) "Inversoras venden acciones Kerr-McGee por conflicto Sahara" (in Spanish). (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco opened its doors to offshoring in July 2006, as one component of the development initiative Plan Emergence, and has so far attracted roughly half of the French-speaking call centres that have gone offshore so far and a number of the Spanish ones. (thefullwiki.org)