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  • Meta-Genomics
  • The meta- genomics techniques such as fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), 16S r RNA gene clone libraries and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplified 16S and 26S rRNA genes were used to study microbial structure dynamics. (eurobuch.com)
  • genome
  • Venter viewed the slow pace of progress in the Human Genome project as an opportunity to continue his interest in patenting genes, so he sought funding from the private sector to birth Celera Genomics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation: Leading Department of Energy Genome Scientist to Direct Joint Marine Microbial Metagenomics Cyberinfrastructure Initiative (press release) Archived 2009-10-20 at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the word genome (from the German Genom, attributed to Hans Winkler) was in use in English as early as 1926, the term genomics was coined by Tom Roderick, a geneticist at the Jackson Laboratory (Bar Harbor, Maine), over beer at a meeting held in Maryland on the mapping of the human genome in 1986. (wikipedia.org)
  • diversity
  • Because of its ability to reveal the previously hidden diversity of microscopic life, metagenomics offers a powerful lens for viewing the microbial world that has the potential to revolutionize understanding of the entire living world. (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • In order to decipher the role of bacteria and better understand the diverse metabolisms occurring in the ocean, she uses ecological genomics, metagenomics and metatranscriptomics to study the genes and activity of marine bacteria in nature. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast to genetics, which refers to the study of individual genes and their roles in inheritance, genomics aims at the collective characterization and quantification of genes, which direct the production of proteins with the assistance of enzymes and messenger molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • term
  • The term "metagenomics" was first used by Jo Handelsman, Jon Clardy, Robert M. Goodman, Sean F. Brady, and others, and first appeared in publication in 1998. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interest
  • Much of the interest in metagenomics comes from these discoveries that showed that the vast majority of microorganisms had previously gone unnoticed. (wikipedia.org)

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  • bioinformatics
  • First, genomics combines the expertise and techniques of many disciplines-for example, molecular biology, physical sciences and bioinformatics-in order to study genome-environment interactions in relation to phenomena at many biological levels from the molecular up to that of patient communities or ecosystems. (embopress.org)
  • Accelerated bioinformatics algorithms have played an important role in high throughput genomics, and DeCypher systems have been widely published as an enabling technology for genomic discovery in over 180 peer-reviewed scientific research articles, including the selected milestones below: In 1997, the annotation of the first complete sequence of the E. coli K12 genome used DeCypher Smith-Waterman to determine the function of new translated sequences. (wikipedia.org)
  • genome
  • It is now a few years since the publication of the human genome, and genomics research is continually generating large and complex data sets that have transformed the study of virtually all life processes ( Collins, 2003 ). (embopress.org)
  • Thus, the first application of the metagenomics is to extract those micro-organisms from their environments and thus help in sequencing the genome of those micro-organisms and making the world understand the symbiotic relationship of these micro-organisms with the ecosystem. (wikipedia.org)
  • For other people named S. Ramachandran, see S. Ramachandran Srinivasan Ramachandran is an Indian biologist, bioinformatician and a senior principal scientist at the department of genome analysis of the Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Continuing at JNU, he secured a PhD in 1993 and started his career by joining the Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB) where he serves as a senior principal scientist at the department of genome analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • laboratory
  • While I did write the code for the software (with a lot of input from Viktor Jonsson , who also is a coauthor on the preprint, on the statistical analysis), Shruthi did the software testing and evaluations, and the paper would not have been possible hadn't she wanted a bioinformatic summer project related to metagenomics, aside from her laboratory work. (microbiology.se)
  • research
  • The conceptual and practical changes that have taken place in scientific theory and research in relation to genomics have also not yet found their place in the science curriculum, at least not in the Netherlands. (embopress.org)
  • The Netherlands Genomics Initiative, based at The Hague, has assigned €32 million for ELSA research for the period of 2004-2012, including funding for our project related to the mobile DNA labs. (embopress.org)
  • Research is going on in the field of genomics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Known
  • The practical aspects revolve around designing and optimizing sequencing projects (known as "strategic genomics"), predicting project performance, troubleshooting experimental results, characterizing factors such as sequence bias and the effects of software processing algorithms, and comparing various sequencing methods to one another. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the advent of methods to analyse environmental DNA (metagenomics), the 16S rRNA of an extremely large number of undiscovered species have been found, showing that there are several whole phyla which have no known cultivable representative and that some phyla lack in culture major subdivisions as is the case for Verrucomicrobia and Chloroflexi. (wikipedia.org)
  • traditional
  • While the traditional genomics deals with the sequencing of the cultured samples, it was found that there were some of the organisms and particularly the microorganisms for which the culturing and thus the sequencing was not possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • powerful
  • Thus metagenomics is a powerful tool to address many of the pressing issues in the field of Personalized medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of its ability to reveal the previously hidden diversity of microscopic life, metagenomics offers a powerful lens for viewing the microbial world that has the potential to revolutionize understanding of the entire living world. (wikipedia.org)
  • University
  • B. Sc (Physics Honours), BKC College, Calcutta University, 1971 Invited Speaker at ISHG2016, 41st Annual Conference of Indian Society of Human Genetics, talk titled "Genomics to Phenomics: The Complex Journey in Big Data Biomedicine", Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai. (wikipedia.org)
  • society
  • Nijmegen, the Netherlands) is to connect secondary science education with scientific advances in genomics, as well as the implications of this new knowledge for society. (embopress.org)
  • Science
  • Despite this, and although a range of outreach programmes offer a temporary solution, such as the Dutch 'mobile DNA labs' ( van Mil, 2007 ), greater efforts are needed to embed genomics into the standard science curriculum. (embopress.org)
  • greater
  • As the price of DNA sequencing continues to fall, metagenomics now allows microbial ecology to be investigated at a much greater scale and detail than before. (wikipedia.org)