• disorder
  • Cannabis use disorder is defined in the fifth revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a condition requiring treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • phenomena
  • It is a commonplace in the history of ideas that one of the few medieval philosophical contributions preserved in modern philosophical thought is the idea that mental phenomena are distinguished from physical phenomena by their intentionality: their intrinsic directedness toward some object. (universitypressscholarship.com)
  • John Stuart Mill envisioned a science of mental phenomena informed by associationism, empirical introspection, and neurophysiology, and he advanced specific ideas that still influence modern conceptions of cognition. (mdpi.com)
  • Mill boldly asserted that certain laws of order governed mental phenomena, and that psychology was well-suited to study these phenomena empirically and in parallel with physiology. (mdpi.com)
  • As will be discussed, important aspects of Mill's conceptions of mental phenomena have been adopted and transmitted in the marketplace of ideas across time. (mdpi.com)
  • This article reviews John Stuart Mill's proposal that mental phenomena could be effectively studied through empirical means and highlights important interrelations between Mill's ideas and modern conceptions of cognition. (mdpi.com)
  • theory
  • Although John Stuart Mill's influence on economic theory and moral philosophy are well known, his contributions to the fledgling science of psychology and their far-reaching effects on the contemporary understanding of cognition are under-recognized. (mdpi.com)
  • Focusing on the emergence of strategies rather than on issues of choice or flexibility of choice, I ground these ideas in the enactivist theory of cognition, particularly in issues of problem posing, for discussing the nature of the solving processes at play when solving mental mathematics problems. (ed.gov)
  • Theory of mind, the capacity to understand and ascribe mental states, has traditionally been conceptualized as analogous to a scientific theory. (ed.gov)
  • The Sautrantika school of Buddhism, which relied closely on the sutras, developed a theory of seeds (bija) in the mental stream (citta santana) to explain how karma and the latent dispositions continued throughout life and rebirth. (wikipedia.org)
  • problem
  • Although this article cannot resolve this problem unilaterally, it attempts to identify ways that cognition is currently understood and briefly review some proposed definitional criteria for what constitutes cognition. (mdpi.com)
  • Being labelled with a mental health problem isn't good at all. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • It frightens me to think that just because I and many other young people have a mental health problem or problems, that we are treated unequally because of a lack of understanding. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • I complement this analysis and conceptualization by offering two examples about issues of emergence of strategies and of problem posing, in order to offer illustrations thereof, as well as to highlight the fruitfulness of this orientation for better understanding the processes at play in mental mathematics contexts. (ed.gov)
  • Any employee can have a mental or physical health problem at any time of the year and she is legally obliged to deal with that without discriminating. (sane.org.uk)
  • Tsongkhapa quoting Chandrakirti, in the Lamrim Chenmo, Volume Three, on the problem of relying on autonomous syllogistic reasoning: When one party posits something as a probative reason, even though valid cognition may establish it for the one who posits the syllogism, how can that person be certain that valid cognition establishes it for the other party? (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • The MI group was further found to enhance motor performance after sleep, hence suggesting that sleep-related effects are effective following mental practice. (ed.gov)
  • external
  • In metaphysics, extension signifies both 'stretching out' (Latin: extensio) as well as later 'taking up space', and most recently, spreading one's internal mental cognition into the external world. (wikipedia.org)
  • moral
  • However, recent work in philosophy and psychology has documented a "side-effect effect" suggesting that moral evaluations influence mental state ascriptions, and in particular whether a behavior is described as having been performed "intentionally. (ed.gov)
  • In three experiments, we demonstrate that moral evaluations do inform ascriptions of intentional action, but that this relationship arises because behavior that conforms to norms (moral or otherwise) is less informative about underlying mental states than is behavior that violates norms. (ed.gov)
  • mind
  • It frames the universe as a division of, and interaction between, physical reality and mental reality, with an emphasis on purifying the mind in order to increase virtue and power. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies
  • In this article, I present and build on the ideas of John Threlfall ('Educational Studies in Mathematics' 50:29-47, 2002) about strategy development in mental mathematics contexts. (ed.gov)
  • ideas
  • This characterization of cognition, though provisional, must be established in order to understand and appreciate some of the influential historical ideas that have shaped modern views. (mdpi.com)
  • position
  • The traditional direct mapping account suggests that a direct association exists between the position of a number on the mental number line and the location of the response. (ed.gov)
  • choice
  • From Utilities to Mental Models: A Critical Survey on Decision Rules and Cognition in Consumer Choice ," Industrial and Corporate Change , Oxford University Press, vol. 8(2), pages 289-351, June. (repec.org)
  • Journal
  • Mental Accounting and Changes in Price: The Frame Dependence of Reference Dependence ," Journal of Consumer Research , Oxford University Press, vol. 22(1), pages 90-97, June. (repec.org)
  • time
  • At the same time, Mill offered a new synthesis that symbolized the "mental chemistry" he would describe. (mdpi.com)
  • higher
  • The principle "the higher the dimensions, the higher the information" might explain the occurrence of our mental activities and elucidate the mechanisms of the human diseases in which dimensionality reduction occurs. (vixra.org)