• humans
  • The study, published today in the advance online issue of Nature Neuroscience , provides the first direct evidence that one component of age-related memory decline in humans is caused by changes in a specific region of the brain and that this form of memory decline can be improved by a dietary intervention. (womensbrainhealth.org)
  • To see if the dentate gyrus is the source of age-related memory decline in humans, Dr. Small and his colleagues tested whether compounds called cocoa flavanols can improve the function of this brain region and improve memory. (womensbrainhealth.org)
  • This thesis examines the attenuation of fear memories by disrupting reconsolidation in humans, using measures of both the central and peripheral nervous system activity. (diva-portal.org)
  • Study I examined the attentuation of fear memories by disrupting reconsolidation in humans using reacquisition as a measure of the return of fear. (diva-portal.org)
  • evaluate
  • The brain imaging measured blood volume in the dentate gyrus, a measure of metabolism, and the memory test involved a 20-minute pattern-recognition exercise designed to evaluate a type of memory controlled by the dentate gyrus. (womensbrainhealth.org)
  • In order to evaluate the possible role of fear memory reconsolidation mechanims in the effect on fear and anxiety by these genes, this thesis also compare the reconsolidation disruption effect between different serotonergic and dopaminergic genotypes. (diva-portal.org)
  • form
  • He predicted that subjects could identify which letters will most likely appear together as a sequence repeatedly and which letters would not and that the subjects would use this information to form memory sets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prospective memory is thus considered a form of memory for the future. (wikipedia.org)
  • Place
  • There are two types of amnesia: retrograde amnesia (loss of memories that were formed shortly before the injury) and anterograde amnesia (problems with creating new memories after the injury has taken place). (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • This normal age-related memory decline starts in early adulthood but usually does not have any noticeable impact on quality of life until people reach their fifties or sixties. (womensbrainhealth.org)
  • study
  • Dietary cocoa flavanols-naturally occurring bioactives found in cocoa-reversed age-related memory decline in healthy older adults, according to a study led by Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) scientists. (womensbrainhealth.org)
  • Study II also investigated the impact of differences in serotonergic and dopaminergic alleles on the process of fear memory reconsolidation. (diva-portal.org)
  • Study III used psychophysiology and fMRI to localize the functional neural activity mediating the fear memory reconsolidation disruption effect. (diva-portal.org)
  • daily
  • Prospective memory tasks are common in daily life and range from the relatively simple to extreme life-or-death situations. (wikipedia.org)
  • It consists of twelve questions (seven orientation questions, and five memory items) and is administered once daily, each and every day, until the patient scores a perfect score of 12/12 on three consecutive days. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • 1997) compared event-based and time-based cues on prospective memory tasks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Retrospective memory is also used to remember specifically what intention is supposed to be performed in the future, and the monitoring process is needed to be able to remember to perform this action at the correct condition or time. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term "post-traumatic amnesia" was first used in 1940 in a paper by Symonds to refer to the period between the injury and the return of full, continuous memory, including any time during which the patient was unconscious. (wikipedia.org)
  • it may be overestimated (for example, if the patient is asleep or under the influence of drugs or alcohol for part of the time) or underestimated (for example, if some memories come back before continuous memory is regained). (wikipedia.org)