• pleural
  • citation needed] Hours to days later, pleural effusion(s) with or without pneumothorax, widened mediastinum, and subcutaneous emphysema are typically seen. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1976), internal pancreatic fistulas can result in pancreatic ascites, mediastinital pseudocysts, enzymatic mediastinitis, or pancreatic pleural effusions, depending on the flow of pancreatic secretions from a disrupted pancreatic duct or leakage from a pseudocyst. (wikipedia.org)
  • fibrous
  • superior and inferior sternopericardial ligaments Middle mediastinum Bounded: pericardial sac - It contains the vital organs and is classified into the serous and fibrous pericardium. (wikipedia.org)
  • complications
  • To reduce rate of complications (e.g., mediastinitis, recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis, and pharyngocutaneous fistulas) and to shorten hospitalization time, endoscopic approaches have been developed. (hindawi.com)
  • symptoms
  • When mediastinitis develops suddenly, symptoms are usually severe enough that doctors suspect it in people who cannot report possible causes, such as those who are intoxicated and do not remember vomiting forcefully or young children who may have swallowed a caustic substance. (merckmanuals.com)
  • compartment
  • The mediastinum (from Medieval Latin mediastinus, "midway") is the central compartment of the thoracic cavity surrounded by loose connective tissue, as an undelineated region that contains a group of structures within the thorax. (wikipedia.org)
  • aortic
  • A widened mediastinum can be indicative of several pathologies: aortic aneurysm aortic dissection aortic unfolding aortic rupture hilar lymphadenopathy anthrax inhalation - a widened mediastinum was found in 7 of the first 10 victims infected by anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) in 2001. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the duct is disrupted posteriorly, the secretions leak through the retroperitoneum into the mediastinum via the aortic or esophageal hiatus. (wikipedia.org)