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  • Adaptation
  • The DFG collaborative research center 1053 MAKI - Multi-mechanism Adaptation for the future Internet - focuses on research questions in the following areas: (i) Fundamental research on transition methods, (ii) Techniques for adapting transition-capable communication systems on the basis of achieved and targeted quality, and (iii) specific and exemplary transitions in communication systems as regarded from different technical perspectives. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to tissue adaptive syndrome (TAS) concept, this adaptive mechanism (see adaptation) comes into effect in damaged tissue (see Tissue (biology)) as a result of concurrence of two events. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hence
  • Market microstructure relate the behavior of market participants, whether investors, dealers, investor admins to authority, hence microstructure is a critical factor that affects the investment decision as well as investment exit. (wikipedia.org)
  • gene
  • C57 and BALB/c nude mice were injected with rAAV- EGFP or rAAV- TNF alone, or mixed with MMC, to evaluate the effect of MMC on AAV-mediated gene expression and tumor suppression. (mdpi.com)
  • Due to the complexity of rAAV's infection pathway, some stages can be biologic barriers to affect gene delivery and expression, like receptor binding stage [ 9 , 10 ] and genome conversion from single strand to double strand [ 11 , 12 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Position-effect variegation (PEV) is a variegation caused by the silencing of a gene in some cells through its abnormal juxtaposition with heterochromatin via rearrangement or transposition. (wikipedia.org)
  • PEV is a position effect because the change in position of a gene from its original position to somewhere near a heterochromatic region has an effect on its expression. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effect is the variegation in a particular phenotype i.e., the appearance of irregular patches of different colour(s), due to the expression of the original wild-type gene in some cells of the tissue but not in others, as seen in the eye of mutated Drosophila melanogaster. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, it is possible that the effect of the silenced gene is not phenotypically visible in some cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Comparison of array-based copy number variant patterns in more than 2,400 individuals with Tourette syndrome and nearly 4,100 controls revealed an over-representation of rare deletions affecting the NRXN1 gene as well as CNTN6 gene duplications, along with an overall uptick in CNVs in the Tourette syndrome-affected group. (wikipedia.org)
  • roughly
  • Firstly, compared with the control group, the indomethacin skin percutaneous rate of the FCT low-intensity group (FCTL) was 35.52%, and the enhancement ratio (ER) at 9 h was 1.76X, roughly equivalent to the penetration enhancing effect of the CPEs and iontophoresis. (mdpi.com)
  • Polyneuropathy (poly- + neuro- + -pathy) is damage or disease affecting peripheral nerves (peripheral neuropathy) in roughly the same areas on both sides of the body, featuring weakness, numbness, and burning pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Explore
  • When there is incomplete science to prescribe which inputs should be included in a model of reliability to predict future trends, statistical model/variable selection techniques can be leveraged on a stockpile or population of units to improve reliability predictions as well as suggest new mechanisms affecting reliability to explore. (osti.gov)
  • To explore the combination effect of Glu-Pt and compare with oxaliplatin-based FOLFOX chemotherapy, we investigated the two-component synergistic antitumor activity of Glu-Pt with folinic acid (FA) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) respectively in five human cancer cell lines followed by a comparison study with oxaliplatin in a fixed three-component in vitro FOFLOX combination. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) imaging, micro- and ultrastructural changes on the surface of the stratum corneum (SC) were observed to explore the FCT penetration mechanism. (mdpi.com)
  • Objective To explore the effects and its mechanism of oleanolic acid and ursolic acid on small intestine smooth muscle contractility in vivo and in vitro. (tsijournals.com)
  • Vivo
  • Fu's cupping therapy (FCT), was established and studied using in vitro and in vivo experiments and the penetration effect and mechanism of FCT physical penetration technology was preliminarily discussed. (mdpi.com)
  • describe
  • From the results that were recently published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, one thing is certain: "For the first time we were able to describe the effect of prenatal environmental stressors on the regulation of microRNA. (redorbit.com)
  • equivalent
  • Following this definition, there exist numerous communication mechanisms that are partly equivalent in their basic functionality, such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and ZigBee for local wireless networks and UMTS and LTE for broadband wireless connections. (wikipedia.org)
  • observe
  • BL-420F biological systems was used to observe the effect of oleanolic acid and ursolic acid on isolated intestinal smooth muscle contraction amplitude, and atropine and diphenhydramine on its role. (tsijournals.com)
  • expression
  • The mechanism that controls this is very complex because expression of viral proteins during latency is decreased a great deal, meaning that the virus must have transcription of its genes repressed. (wikipedia.org)
  • cell
  • They may be divided according to the type of axon affected (large-fiber, small-fiber, or both), the most distal portions of axons are usually the first to degenerate, and axonal atrophy advances slowly toward the nerve's cell body, however if the cause is removed, regeneration is possible, although the prognosis depends on the duration and severity of the stimulus[medical citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • Finally, the cell stress is realized via intracellular mechanisms, without any participation of intercellular interactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the latter case the CURD formation and synthesis of heat shock proteins act as "self-defense" mechanism of the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, under cell stress the cell protection is realized with CURD participation only via "passive" mechanism. (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • A price mechanism is a system by which the allocation of resources and distribution of goods and services are made on the basis of relative market price. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transition refers to an informal paradigm in the context of communication systems which describes the change of communication mechanisms, i.e., functions of a communication system, in particular, service and protocol components. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a transition, communication mechanisms within a system are replaced by functionally comparable mechanisms with the aim to ensure the highest possible quality, e.g., as captured by the quality of service. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mechanisms are given as conceptual elements of a networked communication system and are linked to specific functional units, for example, as a service or protocol component. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study of new and fundamental design methods, models and techniques that enable automated, coordinated and cross-layer transitions between functionally similar mechanisms within a communication system is the main goal of a collaborative research center funded by the German research foundation (DFG). (wikipedia.org)
  • and sometimes to other parts of the body where it may affect the autonomic nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapy
  • The effect of chemotherapy drug Mitomycin C (MMC) in combination with recombinant adeno-associated virus II (rAAV2) in cancer therapy was investigated, and the mechanism of MMC affecting rAAV2's bioactivity was also studied. (mdpi.com)
  • Methods
  • Organizational learning rates are affected by individual proficiency, improvements in an organization's technology, and improvements in the structures, routines and methods of coordination. (wikipedia.org)
  • design
  • Careful selection of an appropriate model for drug release provides insight to the underlying mass transport mechanisms and helps in predicting the effect of the device design parameters on the resulting drug-release rate. (springer.com)
  • Additionally, we used the 3 K factorial design to study the joint synergistic penetration effect on FCT and chemical penetration enhancers. (mdpi.com)
  • stress
  • Meanwhile, under tissue stress, its protective function may be carried out both the "passive" and "active" CURD-induced mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • type
  • Which mechanism dominates to influence the phenotype depends upon the type of heterochromatin and the intricacy of the rearrangement. (wikipedia.org)
  • seen
  • In greenhouse gas emissions trading, companies doing the "bidding" argue that Earth's atmosphere can be seen as affected almost uniformly by emissions anywhere on Earth. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • Topical tacrolimus has been used for vitiligo as a common treatment option for more than ten years while the underlying mechanism is still uncertain. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • various
  • Various brake designs such as band brakes and many drum brakes are self-assisting: when the brake is applied, some of the braking force feeds back into the brake mechanism to further self-apply the brake. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • At the same time, questionnaires were filled out and urine samples of the pregnant women were tested to substantiate the effect from exposure to tobacco smoke and/or from volatile organic compounds resulting from smoking. (redorbit.com)
  • Health
  • The correct definition of health benefit, backed with solid scientific evidence, is a strong element for the proper identification and assessment of the effect of a probiotic. (wikipedia.org)