**theoretical physicists**- The PostDoc will collaborate closely with other PostDocs and PhD students in an interdisciplinary team of computer scientists, experimental and theoretical physicists, immunologists and mathematicians. (utwente.nl)
- Arkani-Hamed , 43, a professor at the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) in Princeton, N.J., is widely considered one of the best theoretical physicists working today. (theopennotebook.com)

**Roger Penrose**- The hypothesis was put forward in the early 1990s by theoretical physicist Roger Penrose and anaesthesiologist and psychologist Stuart Hameroff. (wikipedia.org)
- Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness is a 1994 book by mathematical physicist Roger Penrose that serves as a followup to his 1989 book The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds and The Laws of Physics. (wikipedia.org)

**1931**- In 1931, mathematician and logician Kurt Gödel proved that any effectively generated theory capable of proving basic arithmetic cannot be both consistent and complete. (wikipedia.org)

**physics**- Theoretical physicist Richard Feynman was one of the first to propose the idea of quantum computers in the 1980s, as a way to overcome the limitations of classical computers in simulating quantum systems in physics. (csmonitor.com)
- E, Statistical physics, plasmas, fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics Physical strength Physical substance Physical system Physical theories modified by general relativity Physicist Physicist and Christian Physics PhysicsWeb Physics (American Physical Society journal) Physics Abstracts Physics Abstracts. (wikipedia.org)
- After a short period on the faculty of math and physics at the Charles University in Prague and at Chemical-technological University, he was a chairman of the Czechoslovak Unity of mathematicians and physicists. (wikipedia.org)
- The human mind has abilities that no Turing machine could possess because of this mechanism of non-computable physics. (wikipedia.org)
- Arthur Frederick Parker-Rhodes (21 November 1914 - 2 March 1987) was an English linguist, plant pathologist, computer scientist, mathematician, mystic, and mycologist, who also introduced original theories in physics. (wikipedia.org)
- Charles Eryl Wynn-Williams (5 March 1903 - 30 August 1979), was a Welsh physicist, noted for his research on electronic instrumentation for use in nuclear physics. (wikipedia.org)

**consciousness**- Objective reduction is proposed to be influenced by non-computable factors imbedded in spacetime geometry which thus may account for the Hard Problem of Consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
- Penrose hypothesizes that: Human consciousness is non-algorithmic, and thus is not capable of being modelled by a conventional Turing machine type of digital computer. (wikipedia.org)
- He is basically saying that the immaterial 'substance' of consciousness is directly intertwined with what we perceive to be our physical material world in some sort of way, shape or form, that consciousness is required for matter to be, that it becomes after consciousness and he's not the only physicist to believe that. (bibliotecapleyades.net)
- It is a great example that documents how factors associated with consciousness and our physical material world are connected in 'some' way . (bibliotecapleyades.net)

**1987**- Professor Dr František Kahuda (January 1, 1911 - February 12, 1987) was a Czechoslovak physicist and educator. (wikipedia.org)

**quantum**- We do not see any evidence of quantum speedup in the D-Wave device ," said Matthias Troyer, a theoretical physicist at ETH Zurich, in Switzerland, and co-author of the study, detailed today (June 19) in the journal Science. (csmonitor.com)
- Later, mathematician Peter Shor showed that a quantum computer could factor an integer into prime numbers, an ability that could be used to crack encryption algorithms on the Internet. (csmonitor.com)
- A quantum Turing machine is a theoretical model of such a computer, and is also known as the universal quantum computer. (wikipedia.org)

**mathematical**- An example of a causal loop paradox involving information is given by Everett: suppose a time traveler copies a mathematical proof from a textbook, then travels back in time to meet the mathematician who first published the proof, at a date prior to publication, and allows the mathematician to simply copy the proof. (wikipedia.org)
- The inescapable conclusion seems to be: Mathematicians are not using a knowably sound calculation procedure in order to ascertain mathematical truth. (wikipedia.org)
- We deduce that mathematical understanding - the means whereby mathematicians arrive at their conclusions with respect to mathematical truth - cannot be reduced to blind calculation! (wikipedia.org)

**Physical**- Correct interpretation of flow images requires knowledge of physical and technical factors that influence the Doppler signal. (bmj.com)
- Physicists working in the area of thermodynamics study heat from a number of perspectives, including specific heat, or the amount of energy required to change the temperature of a substance, and calorimetry, the measurement of changes in heat as a result of physical or chemical changes. (encyclopedia.com)

**scientists**- Perhaps, the scientists simply didn't test the machine on the right set of problems. (csmonitor.com)
- The basis of Orch-OR has been criticized from its inception by mathematicians, philosophers, and scientists, prompting the authors to revise and elaborate many of the theory's peripheral assumptions, retaining the core hypothesis. (wikipedia.org)
- As our beloved teacher and mentor, Davidson united us -biologists, physicists, biochemists, engineers, mathematicians and computer scientists, like in his CalTech Laboratory - in a research renaissance movement towards the quest for the functional meaning of DNA. (uic.edu)
- The winning ideas were given time on the Hartree Centre machines with IBM data scientists to prove their concept was commercially viable. (wikipedia.org)

**experimental**- Towards the end of 1942 the previously experimental non-Morse transmissions from teleprinter cipher machines were being received in greater numbers by the British Signals Intelligence collection sites. (wikipedia.org)

**computer**- November 7 - Barbara Liskov, American computer scientist, Turing Award winner November 11 - Alf Adams, English physicist. (wikipedia.org)
- We are looking for a PostDoc with a PhD degree in computer science and/or mathematics with a strong background in artificial neural networks and machine learning. (utwente.nl)

**German**- November 1-2 - Physicist Hans Ferdinand Mayer writes the Oslo Report on German weapons systems and passes it to the British Secret Intelligence Service. (wikipedia.org)
- Edwin Henry Landseer, British painter and sculptor - Landseer (dog) Paul Langerhans, German biologist - Islets of Langerhans, Langerhans cell, Langerhans cell histiocytosis Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and physicist - langley a measurement of solar radiation. (wikipedia.org)
- The gauss, abbreviated as G or Gs, is the cgs unit of measurement of magnetic flux density (or "magnetic induction") (B). It is named after German mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss. (wikipedia.org)
- German physicist Otto von Guericke (1602 to 1686) went a little further. (wikipedia.org)

**English**- August 19 - Alan Baker, English mathematician. (wikipedia.org)
- The Hartree Centre was formed in 2012 with £37.5 million government funding for research into supercomputing and takes its name from English mathematician and physicist Douglas Rayner Hartree. (wikipedia.org)

**name**- Out of curiosity, I'd heard your name passed around and I think the Tubby Hayes factor was probably the reason I picked up Blues in Trinity first. (allaboutjazz.com)
- The profile follows up her story about Arkani-Hamed and his then-student Jaroslav Trnka's concept of the "amplituhedron," the article that really made her name among physicists. (theopennotebook.com)

**research**- Johnson decided on a career as a research mathematician, although this was a difficult field for African Americans and women to enter. (wikipedia.org)
- Originally assigned to the West Area Computers section supervised by mathematician Dorothy Vaughan, Johnson was reassigned to the Guidance and Control Division of Langley's Flight Research Division. (wikipedia.org)
- He stressed the role of nonverbal factors in the process of education and upbringing, which he considered to be so crucial that he began to focus on them in his scientific research. (wikipedia.org)
- To tackle this sustainability challenge, the Hartree Centre is carrying out research which takes a holistic view of parallel computing systems, including the optimisation of software to make it run more efficiently, low power architectures, data storage, cooling methods and other factors. (wikipedia.org)

**theories**- Later on, he developed theories about certain mental factors unknown within current natural science and claimed to be related to the so-called "mental energy. (wikipedia.org)

**human**- We have recently initiated the Human Functional Genomics Project (HFGP), which aims to understand the genetic and non-genetic factors influencing human immune responses (Netea et al . (utwente.nl)
- He argued that while a formal proof system cannot prove its own consistency, Gödel-unprovable results are provable by human mathematicians. (wikipedia.org)
- He takes this disparity to mean that human mathematicians are not describable as formal proof systems, and are therefore running a non-computable algorithm. (wikipedia.org)
- The essence of Penrose's argument is that while a formal proof system cannot, because of the theorem, prove its own incompleteness, Gödel-type results are provable by human mathematicians. (wikipedia.org)
- He takes this disparity to mean that human mathematicians are not describable as formal proof systems and are not running an algorithm, so that the computational theory of mind is false, and computational approaches to artificial general intelligence are unfounded. (wikipedia.org)

**artificial**- This structure can be used for automated inference in artificial intelligence and machine translation. (wikipedia.org)

**made**- Katherine Coleman Goble Johnson (born August 26, 1918) is an African-American mathematician who made contributions to the United States' aeronautics and space programs with the early application of digital electronic computers at NASA. (wikipedia.org)
- Twelve were made at the Mawdsley engineering factory in Dursley, Gloucestershire, but turned out to be unreliable, so the other stream of development at the British Tabulating Machine Company at Letchworth was preferred. (wikipedia.org)

**American**- October 10 - Neil Sloane, Welsh-born American mathematician. (wikipedia.org)
- Multiple professors mentored her, including chemist and mathematician Angie Turner King, who had also mentored the girl throughout high school, and W.W. Schiefflin Claytor, the third African American to receive a PhD in math. (wikipedia.org)
- At the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory, based in Hampton, Virginia, near Langley Field, NACA hired African-American mathematicians as well as whites for their Guidance and Navigation Department. (wikipedia.org)

**back**- The origins of pneumatics can be traced back to the first century when ancient Greek mathematician Hero of Alexandria wrote about his inventions powered by steam or the wind. (wikipedia.org)

**power**- Compressed gas can be stored, so machines still run for a while if electrical power is lost. (wikipedia.org)

**Multiple**- It has moved from small handheld devices to large machines with multiple parts that serve different functions. (wikipedia.org)

**design**- Design of Rotating Electrical Machines. (wikipedia.org)
- citation needed] Simplicity of design and control-Machines are easily designed using standard cylinders and other components, and operate via simple on-off control. (wikipedia.org)

**possible**- Portable pneumatic tools and small vehicles, such as Robot Wars machines and other hobbyist applications are often powered by compressed carbon dioxide, because containers designed to hold it such as soda stream canisters and fire extinguishers are readily available, and the phase change between liquid and gas makes it possible to obtain a larger volume of compressed gas from a lighter container than compressed air requires. (wikipedia.org)

**applications**- Parker-Rhodes was also a mathematician, with a particular interest in statistics and applications of lattice theory. (wikipedia.org)

**time**- He does not find this paradoxical, and attributes problems regarding the validity of time travel to other factors in the interpretation of general relativity. (wikipedia.org)
- This increased the time required of the Turing-designed Bombe machines by a factor of 26. (wikipedia.org)

**case**- Drs Philip Levine and Rufus Stetson published a first case report on the clinical consequences of non-recognized Rh factor, hemolytic transfusion reaction and hemolytic disease of the newborn in its most severe form. (wikipedia.org)
- He factors some of the dimensions (base domains, like a quantifier lattice, a (deep) case[disambiguation needed] lattice, et al. (wikipedia.org)

**field**- The conversion factor is 108, since flux is the integral of field over an area, area having the units of the square of distance, thus 104 (magnetic field conversion factor) times the square of 102 (linear distance conversion factor, i.e., centimetres per meter). (wikipedia.org)

**devices**- Pneumatic devices are still used where upgrade cost, or safety factors dominate. (wikipedia.org)

**data**- The data comprise the cytokine response of three cohorts of 500 (500FG cohort), 200 (200FG) and 300 (300RO) individuals of Western-European and Eastern-European ancestry, linked to genetic, microbial and environmental factors. (utwente.nl)
- In 2002 his Celera group in collaboration with the company ClearForrest won the ACM KDD Cup - the top international data mining/machine learning competition - the challenge then was the automatic annotation of a section of the Drosophila genome. (uic.edu)

**great**- Both machines were subsequently overshadowed by the great success of the US Navy Bombes. (wikipedia.org)

**problems**- They posed a thousand random optimization problems to the machine, and measured how long it took to solve them, compared with a classical PC. (csmonitor.com)