• masseter
  • The surgical treatment of facial paralysis involved the specialists from the University of Navarra Hospital making muscular transplants connected to the cruciate facial nerve (the healthy facial nerve, corresponding to the unaffected side of the face) or to the masseteric nerve, controlling the masseter muscle, responsible for mastication, given that the movement of closing the mouth is similar to that of the smile. (redorbit.com)
  • tongue
  • The tongue is important for orofacial movements, including swallowing. (physiology.org)
  • The onset of tongue pressure was later than the start of hyoid movement and onset of EMG, and offset was observed between the hyoid at the up‐forward position and reposition. (physiology.org)
  • That is, the tongue pressure was produced for bolus propulsion, and was closely related to hyoid movement temporally during swallowing. (physiology.org)
  • In dysphagic patients, motor disorder of the tongue and incoordination of tongue and jaw movement are frequently seen, and this influences the oral and pharyngeal phases of swallowing. (physiology.org)
  • 1992 ). Although VF investigations have qualitatively revealed the coordination of tongue and jaw movement in mastication and swallowing, VF images do not provide quantitative biomechanical information and it is difficult to apply VF widely and repeatedly because of radiation exposure (Wright et al. (physiology.org)
  • Medial
  • Scott G, Effect of lidocaine and NMDA injections into the medial pontobulbar reticular formation on mastication evoked by cortical stimulation in anaesthetized rabbits. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscle
  • Two questions were discussed and solved, the first one concerning whether the same set of muscle synergies can explain the different phases of hopping movement with various velocities. (hindawi.com)
  • These building modules, known as muscle synergies, can be used as a small number of coactivation patterns to imitate the performance of movement [ 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • It is very attractive to point out that these synergies make it possible for the motor intentions to be rapidly translated into muscle activation and the systems can learn and plan movements so fast [ 7 , 8 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The generality of muscle synergies across different motor tasks has been illustrated in human walking, running [ 10 ], and forward and backward pedaling movement [ 11 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The Study of Jaw Movements and Muscle activity in Bruxism during Sleep. (nii.ac.jp)
  • In this position, the carnassial teeth benefit from most of the force generated by this mastication muscle, allowing for efficient shearing and cutting of flesh, tendon and muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • temporal
  • The upper joint compartment formed by the articular disc and the temporal bone is involved in translational movement-this is the secondary gliding motion of the jaw as it is opened widely. (wikipedia.org)
  • facial
  • The research was undertaken using an own design system, known as Facial Clima, involving capturing movement with infra-red rays. (redorbit.com)
  • According to Doctor Hontanilla, when the facial transplant was undertaken with the masseteric nerve, "in the case of women it was observed that they managed to dissociate the smile movement from that of mastication. (redorbit.com)
  • The differences between genders observed in this study have thus shown that a woman who has undergone reconstruction in order to treat facial paralysis is capable of smiling if she makes the gesture of mastication. (redorbit.com)
  • But the differences between the two sexes after the surgical repair of facial paralysis not only affects the dissociation of movement, but also the ability of woman to achieve smiling spontaneously or in an involuntary manner. (redorbit.com)
  • joints
  • Additional screw-wire ligations were applied to reinforce the restraint of movement in five of the 13 joints with suspected uncontrolled dislocation. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • observe
  • Amongst men, nevertheless, we observe that, in a comical situation or event, movement of the mouth to produce the smile was always voluntary", according to Doctor Hontanilla. (redorbit.com)
  • We can observe similar movements of the limbs, as in nonverbal communication, in apes and humans, but the variety and intricacy of nonverbal behaviors using hands in humans surpasses apes. (nobaproject.com)
  • food
  • VF can simultaneously obtain the movement of food bolus and swallowing‐related organs (Palmer et al. (physiology.org)
  • When the food stimulates the taste receptors, it causes more excitation which see as exaggerated biting, turning, or mastication. (wikipedia.org)
  • Their function is fundamentally for food acquisition, conveyance to the mouth, and/or initial processing (mastication or chewing). (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • The nucleus reticularis pontis caudalis has been known to mediate head movement, in concert with the gigantocellular nucleus and the superior colliculus. (wikipedia.org)
  • similar
  • In each subjects, grinding was divided into as many as three types according to the jaw movement pattern, but the pattern of jaw movements were similar in some types of grinding. (nii.ac.jp)
  • joint
  • X-ray motion analysis can be used to perform gait analysis, analyze joint movement, or record the motion of bones obscured by soft tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • With age, the entire disc thins and may undergo addition of cartilage in the central part, changes that may lead to impaired movement of the joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • motor
  • Dystonic motor movements are common to both TLE and FLE, but are usually the first symptom in FLE episodes where they are quite brief and do not affect consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dental
  • Mastication Robotics: Biological Inspiration to Implementation is the first book in the special field of masticatory robots for applications including foods texture analysis, dental training and speech therapy. (indigo.ca)
  • motion
  • X-ray motion analysis is a technique used to track the movement of objects using X-rays. (wikipedia.org)
  • Movements are performed parallel to the camera's imaging plane in order for the motion to be accurately tracked. (wikipedia.org)
  • Markers can also be placed on the subject's skin to track the motion of the underlying bones, though markers placed on the skin are sensitive to skin movement artifacts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The scissor-like motion is created by the movement between the carnassial pair when the jaw occludes. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • In general these symptoms can range anywhere from asymmetric and abnormal body positioning to repetitive vocal outbursts and repetitive jerking movements. (wikipedia.org)