• mammography
  • Mammographic screening is the ONLY technique that has been found to sufficiently reduce breast cancer mortality and while mass screening using mammography has been well established and implemented in developed countries, it has not been replicated in LMICs due to the huge financial and human resources that are required for the technique. (uct.ac.za)
  • Aside from the huge financial resources needed for mammography, the appropriateness of this screening technique among women from sub-Saharan Africa has become a point of debate. (uct.ac.za)
  • The argument against considering mammography as the gold standard for screening for breast cancer is hinged on the fact that the bulk of the women who need screening for breast cancer in sub-Saharan Africa are between 30-45 years. (uct.ac.za)
  • Mammography is typically recommended and most effective when it is used to screen older women 50-69 years. (uct.ac.za)
  • The proposition to use ultrasonography for mass screening in LMICs where mammography is out of reach is therefore not to lower the standards of breast cancer diagnosis but rather an interim measure to fill the gap of unmet need until these countries have sufficient resources to afford more effective imaging screening tools. (uct.ac.za)
  • Also note that at best modest benefit of screening mammography has only been shown in older women. (uct.ac.za)
  • Screening mammography, used to detect breast cancer, is not recommended to men or to young women because they are more likely to be harmed by the test than to benefit from it. (wikipedia.org)
  • preventive
  • In 2009 the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) suggest that colon cancer screening modalities that are also directly preventive by removing precursor lesions should be given precedence, and prefer a colonoscopy every 10 years in average-risk individuals, beginning at age 50. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevalence
  • The prevalence of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 coronary risk factors did not change significantly between the two screens in either the total group of 1,817 adults or in the 872 adults in the educational program. (ahajournals.org)
  • Although originally thought to be linked to multiple developmental disorders histidinemia is now accepted as a relatively benign disorder, leading to a reduction in the prevalence of neonatal screening procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancers
  • And this heterogeneity has an unfortunate implication: namely, screening tends to disproportionately detect slow-growing cancers (because they are accessible to be detected for a long period of time) and disproportionately miss the fast-growing cancers (because they are only accessible to be detected for a short period of time) - the very cancers we would most like to catch. (wikipedia.org)
  • These are the cancers for which screening has arguably the greatest beneficial impact. (wikipedia.org)
  • The likelihood of cancer being present: Screening is not normally useful for rare cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • programme
  • MA Screen: Acting breaks away from the traditional stage-focused training by providing a specific programme directly relevant to film and television. (arts.ac.uk)
  • Delivered in close working partnership with MA Screen: Directing, it features an extended programme of acting skills, two film projects which are professionally produced and shot on location and in CSM's film Studio and then edited and screened. (arts.ac.uk)
  • In 2008, with emergence of new genomic technologies, the WHO synthesised and modified these with the new understanding as follows: Synthesis of emerging screening criteria proposed over the past 40 years The screening programme should respond to a recognized need. (wikipedia.org)
  • There should be scientific evidence of screening programme effectiveness. (wikipedia.org)
  • The programme should promote equity and access to screening for the entire target population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Breast
  • The use of Ultrasound scans has been advocated for in some LMICs such as Uganda as a stopgap measure to screen the most at risk women (30-45 years) of breast cancer in the absence of mammographic and other image screening services. (uct.ac.za)
  • There is therefore need to investigate the efficacy of ultrasonography for breast cancer in LMICs and subsequently estimate the resource requirements for implementing population level screening using this method. (uct.ac.za)
  • effective
  • therefore, a more effective screening method is required. (aacrjournals.org)
  • A new method of performing virtual colonoscopy using a CT scan - which does not involve the dreaded laxative preparation to clear the colon the night before - may be about as effective as a standard colonoscopy at identifying the large polyps most likely to become cancerous, according to research conducted at Massachusetts General Hospital, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and elsewhere. (massgeneral.org)
  • take
  • All children in three primary schools in Ghent, Belgium, were invited to take part in screening by wet combing (n=677, 3-11 years). (mysciencework.com)
  • Methods
  • Background: Because early squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the esophagus is detectable by endoscopic esophageal iodine staining with high accuracy and is easily treated by endoscopic mucosectomy, it is important to develop efficient methods for screening candidates for the endoscopic examination. (aacrjournals.org)
  • benefit
  • Cancer screening is not indicated unless life expectancy is greater than five years and the benefit is uncertain over the age of 70. (wikipedia.org)
  • level
  • Students who come to MA Screen: Acting expect vocational training plus a high level of autonomous learning. (arts.ac.uk)
  • often
  • Screening interventions are not designed to be diagnostic, and often have significant rates of both false positive and false negative results. (wikipedia.org)
  • adults
  • Many adults with PKU who were diagnosed through newborn screening and have been treated since birth have high educational achievement, successful careers, and fulfilling family lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • help
  • And while the effects of algal blooms on shellfish have been studied extensively, less research on the screening of water to help predict blooms has been carried out. (chromatographytoday.com)
  • possible
  • The elevated liver enzymes screening is a simple way for you to learn if your ALT and AST liver enzyme levels are in the normal range or if they are elevated, suggesting possible liver damage. (lifelinescreening.com)
  • criteria
  • Thanks Jennifer for the additional information, particularly on Wilson and Jungner classic screening criteria. (uct.ac.za)
  • requires
  • This implies that the proportion of the demographic that requires screening in sub-Saharan Africa is composed of women who have dense breasts making it very difficult to tell abnormal and normal tissue apart on the X-ray film. (uct.ac.za)