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  • lactitol
  • In eleven patients, the L/M recovery ratio was normal (1.81 +/− 0.84) with normal mannitol clearance (11.491 +/−3.603) and lactitol clearance (0.199 +/− 0.151). (lww.com)
  • Four patients had an abnormally high L/M recovery ratio (11.12 +/− 13.83) with low mannitol clearance (9.33 +/− 3.35) and high lactitol clearance (0.691 +/− 0.466). (lww.com)
  • AGAR
  • Mannitol is the primary ingredient of mannitol salt agar, a bacterial growth medium, and is used in others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mannitol salt agar or MSA is a commonly used selective and differential growth medium in microbiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • If an organism can ferment mannitol, an acidic byproduct is formed that causes the phenol red in the agar to turn yellow. (wikipedia.org)
  • S. epidermidis) Gram + Streptococcus: inhibited growth Gram -: inhibited growth MSA typically contains: 5.0 g/L enzymatic digest of casein 5.0 g/L enzymatic digest of animal tissue 1.0 g/L beef extract 10.0 g/L D-mannitol 75.0 g/L sodium chloride 0.025 g/L phenol red 15.0 g/L agar pH 7.4 ± 0.2 at 25°C Bachoon, Dave S. (wikipedia.org)
  • Identification of Staphylococcus aureus: DNase and Mannitol salt agar improve the efficiency of the tube coagulase test The United States Pharmacopeia (23rd ed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The typical medium is composed of: Agar - 3.0 g/L Peptone - 20.0 g/L Mannitol - 2.0 g/L Potassium nitrate - 1.0 g/L 1% Phenol red solution 4 ml/L pH: 7.6 When inoculated with a sample organism and allowed to incubate, the medium will change color from red to yellow to indicate that the mannite has been fermented. (wikipedia.org)
  • fructose
  • Mannitol is commonly produced via the hydrogenation of fructose, which is formed from either starch or sucrose (common table sugar). (wikipedia.org)
  • The PTS Fructose-Mannitol (Fru) Family (TC# 4.A.2) is a large and complex family that is part of the PTS-GFL superfamily. (wikipedia.org)
  • The IIA, IIB and IIC domains of the fructose- and mannitol-specific porters are demonstrably homologous. (wikipedia.org)
  • The IIB and IIC domains of the fructose porters appear to be dissimilar from each other as those of the mannitol porters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further, the IIC domains of the mannitol and fructose porters are as dissimilar from each other as they are from the glucose or lactose families. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of this edit, this article uses content from "4.A.2 The PTS Fructose-Mannitol (Fru) Family", which is licensed in a way that permits reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, but not under the GFDL. (wikipedia.org)
  • Escherichia
  • However, the structure of the IIA domain of the mannitol porter of Escherichia coli has been determined, and it proved to possess an α2β2α3 secondary structure, a structure which is very different from the β-sandwich structure of IIAGlc. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • Beth Mole, Ars Technica , "Police raid Merck pharmaceutical plant amid mysterious drug crisis," 4 Oct. 2017 The new version contains mannitol and citric acid-both innocuous and widely used as excipients-instead of lactose. (merriam-webster.com)
  • ingredient
  • This makes mannitol very useful as a coating for hard candies, dried fruits, and chewing gums, and it is often included as an ingredient in candies and chewing gum. (wikipedia.org)
  • hives
  • Severe allergic responses to mannitol can include: hives, breathing problems and swelling in and around your face, mouth or tongue. (sharecare.com)
  • Molecular
  • Mannitol Chemical name 1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexanehexol Empirical formula C 6 H 14 O 6 Structural formula H H OH OH ' ' ' ' HOCH 2 - C - C - C - C - CH 2 OH ' ' ' ' OH OH H H Molecular weight 182.17 Definition Mannitol consists of D-mannitol and contains, after drying, not less than 98 per cent. (inchem.org)
  • sucrose
  • The growth curves showed that D-mannitol was nutritionally inferior to sucrose (Ellis & Krantz, 1941). (inchem.org)
  • These results are in accordance with earlier findings, that mannitol is inferior to sucrose, as judged by weight gain of rats (Ariyama et al. (inchem.org)
  • Mannitol increases blood glucose to a lesser extent than sucrose (thus having a relatively low glycemic index) so is used as a sweetener for people with diabetes, and in chewing gums. (wikipedia.org)
  • algae
  • Mannitol occurs naturally in algae, trees, and mushrooms. (wisegeek.com)
  • Biological Data Biochemical aspects D-mannitol occurs widely in nature in a variety of plants, algae fungi and certain bacteria. (inchem.org)
  • microbiology
  • Given a possible influence of mannitol on lung microbiology, qualitative sputum microbiology was performed for Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa during the double-blind study period. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Excess
  • However, the FDA requires the following label statement for foods in which more than 20 grams of mannitol could potentially be ingested: "Excess consumption may have a laxative effect. (wisegeek.com)
  • doses
  • Mannitol acts as an osmotic laxative in oral doses larger than 20 g, and is sometimes sold as a laxative for children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Regions
  • The report provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure.The Mannitol market analysis is provided for the international markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status. (bharatbook.com)
  • drugs
  • This mannitol price guide is based on using the Drugs.com discount card which is accepted at most U.S. pharmacies. (drugs.com)
  • flow
  • The presence of mannitol preserves renal function during the times of low blood flow and pressure, while the patient is on bypass. (wikipedia.org)
  • Market Research Report
  • The Global Mannitol Industry 2015 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Mannitol industry. (bharatbook.com)
  • Mannitol market research report provides the newest industry data and industry future trends, allowing you to identify the products and end users driving Revenue growth and profitability also lists the leading competitors and provides the insights strategic industry Analysis of the key factors influencing the market. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • given
  • Mannitol was given on top of a background of typical concomitant therapy such as recombinant human deoxyribonuclease and inhaled antibiotics . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When 14 C-D-mannitol was given at a rate of 240 mg/rat orally to non-fasted rats, about 50 per cent. (inchem.org)
  • Study
  • In the double-blind study, which was supported by Pharmaxis Limited, 318 patients were randomized to treatment with 400 mg bid inhaled mannitol or 50 mg bid inhaled mannitol (control group) for 26 weeks, followed by an additional 26 weeks of open-label active treatment. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Mannitol was once used for poisoning after one study reported symptom reversal. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Mannomustine (INN), also known as mannitol nitrogen mustard, tradename Degranol is an old alkylating antineoplastic agent from the group of nitrogen mustards. (wikipedia.org)
  • improve
  • Along with the treatment's efficacy and good safety profile, the convenience and ease of administration of mannitol treatment may improve adherence with therapy in these patients. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • form
  • Mannitol offers may be in the form of a printable coupon, rebate, savings card, trial offer, or free samples. (drugs.com)