• AGAR
  • Mannitol is the primary ingredient of mannitol salt agar, a bacterial growth medium, and is used in others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mannitol salt agar or MSA is a commonly used selective and differential growth medium in microbiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • If an organism can ferment mannitol, an acidic byproduct is formed that causes the phenol red in the agar to turn yellow. (wikipedia.org)
  • S. epidermidis) Gram + Streptococcus: inhibited growth Gram -: inhibited growth MSA typically contains: 5.0 g/L enzymatic digest of casein 5.0 g/L enzymatic digest of animal tissue 1.0 g/L beef extract 10.0 g/L D-mannitol 75.0 g/L sodium chloride 0.025 g/L phenol red 15.0 g/L agar pH 7.4 ± 0.2 at 25°C Bachoon, Dave S. (wikipedia.org)
  • Identification of Staphylococcus aureus: DNase and Mannitol salt agar improve the efficiency of the tube coagulase test The United States Pharmacopeia (23rd ed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The typical medium is composed of: Agar - 3.0 g/L Peptone - 20.0 g/L Mannitol - 2.0 g/L Potassium nitrate - 1.0 g/L 1% Phenol red solution 4 ml/L pH: 7.6 When inoculated with a sample organism and allowed to incubate, the medium will change color from red to yellow to indicate that the mannite has been fermented. (wikipedia.org)
  • Escherichia
  • However, the structure of the IIA domain of the mannitol porter of Escherichia coli has been determined, and it proved to possess an α2β2α3 secondary structure, a structure which is very different from the β-sandwich structure of IIAGlc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Molecular
  • Mannitol Chemical name 1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexanehexol Empirical formula C 6 H 14 O 6 Structural formula H H OH OH ' ' ' ' HOCH 2 - C - C - C - C - CH 2 OH ' ' ' ' OH OH H H Molecular weight 182.17 Definition Mannitol consists of D-mannitol and contains, after drying, not less than 98 per cent. (inchem.org)
  • sucrose
  • The growth curves showed that D-mannitol was nutritionally inferior to sucrose (Ellis & Krantz, 1941). (inchem.org)
  • These results are in accordance with earlier findings, that mannitol is inferior to sucrose, as judged by weight gain of rats (Ariyama et al. (inchem.org)
  • Mannitol increases blood glucose to a lesser extent than sucrose (thus having a relatively low glycemic index) so is used as a sweetener for people with diabetes, and in chewing gums. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oliguria
  • 1939. In man, i.v. administration of D-mannitol is practiced for induction of diuresis in oliguria or for forced diuresis in poisoning cases or to measure the extracelluar fluid compartment. (inchem.org)
  • Injection
  • When 14 C-D-mannitol was administered to rats by i.p.injection, 77-97 per cent. (inchem.org)
  • Additional experiments using injection directly into the portal vein showed that mannitol could be oxidized by the liver only (Wick et al. (inchem.org)
  • 1940). Mannitol did not elevate the blood sugar level of dogs upon i.v. injection at a rate of 22.5 g/dog (Todd et al. (inchem.org)
  • i.v. injection of 10 g D-mannitol into man, 81 per cent. (inchem.org)
  • Regions
  • The report provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure.The Mannitol market analysis is provided for the international markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status. (bharatbook.com)
  • significantly
  • 1940). Administration of 25 g of D-mannitol on 3 subsequent days to man did not significantly influence either the blood sugar level or the respiratory quotient (Ellis & Krantz, 1941). (inchem.org)
  • The exacerbation rate was not significantly reduced on mannitol (rate ratio 0.92, p=0.31). (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions Mannitol 400 mg inhaled twice daily for 12 months in patients with clinically significant bronchiectasis did not significantly reduce exacerbation rates. (bmj.com)
  • flow
  • The presence of mannitol preserves renal function during the times of low blood flow and pressure, while the patient is on bypass. (wikipedia.org)
  • Market Research Report
  • The Global Mannitol Industry 2015 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Mannitol industry. (bharatbook.com)
  • Mannitol market research report provides the newest industry data and industry future trends, allowing you to identify the products and end users driving Revenue growth and profitability also lists the leading competitors and provides the insights strategic industry Analysis of the key factors influencing the market. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • time
  • However, time to first exacerbation was increased on mannitol (HR 0.78, p=0.022). (bmj.com)
  • rate
  • D-mannitol has a slow rate of absorption from the intestinal tract and exerts laxative properties. (inchem.org)
  • When 14 C-D-mannitol was given at a rate of 240 mg/rat orally to non-fasted rats, about 50 per cent. (inchem.org)
  • 1954). In similar experiments, also using 14 C-D-mannitol at a rate of 500 mg/kg body-weight, fasted rats oxidized 40 per cent. (inchem.org)
  • the physical state of mannitol after freeze-drying: effects of mannitol concentration, freezing rate, and a noncrystallizing cosolute. (springer.com)
  • points
  • KCl showed similar eutectic points and melt miscibility with D-mannitol as NaCl. (springer.com)
  • LiCl yielded lower eutectic melting points, inhibited the crystallization of D-mannitol during cooling, and enabled the observation of its glass transition. (springer.com)
  • Patients
  • The main purpose of the study is to evaluate the effect of mannitol on the cilia's beat frequency (ciliary beat frequency) in COPD patients. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Objectives To determine the impact of inhaled mannitol on exacerbation rates in patients with non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis. (bmj.com)
  • Methods Patients with non-CF bronchiectasis and a history of chronic excess production of sputum and ≥2 pulmonary exacerbations in the previous 12 months were randomised (1:1) to 52 weeks treatment with inhaled mannitol 400 mg or low-dose mannitol control twice a day. (bmj.com)
  • Main results 461 patients (233 in the mannitol and 228 in the control arm) were treated. (bmj.com)
  • form
  • Mannitol offers may be in the form of a printable coupon, rebate, savings card, trial offer, or free samples. (drugs.com)
  • study
  • To study the crystallization, polymorphism, and phase behavior of D-mannitol in binary mixtures with NaCl to better understand their interactions in frozen aqueous solutions. (springer.com)
  • Mannitol was once used for poisoning after one study reported symptom reversal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Effect
  • Effect of mannitol crystallization on the stability and aerosol performance of a spray-dried pharmaceutical protein, recombinant humanized anti-ige monoclonal antibody. (springer.com)
  • Analysis
  • Upstream raw materials and equipment and downstream demand analysis is also carried out.The Mannitol industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed. (bharatbook.com)
  • completely
  • 1954. I.v. administered D-mannitol was completely cleared by the kidneys of 2 dogs at rates identical to inulin and creatinine (Smith et al. (inchem.org)
  • agent
  • Mannitol is popularly used as a cutting agent in cocaine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mannomustine (INN), also known as mannitol nitrogen mustard, tradename Degranol is an old alkylating antineoplastic agent from the group of nitrogen mustards. (wikipedia.org)
  • price
  • This mannitol price guide is based on using the Drugs.com discount card which is accepted at most U.S. pharmacies. (drugs.com)
  • active
  • Mannitol is contraindicated in people with anuria, congestive heart failure, and active cerebral haemorrhage (except during craniotomy). (wikipedia.org)