• tracheal
  • Tracheal intubation, usually simply referred to as intubation, is the placement of a flexible plastic tube into the trachea (windpipe) to maintain an open airway or to serve as a conduit through which to administer certain drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tracheal intubation can be associated with minor complications such as broken teeth or lacerations of the tissues of the upper airway. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of this, the potential for difficulty or complications due to the presence of unusual airway anatomy or other uncontrolled variables is carefully evaluated before undertaking tracheal intubation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tracheal intubation is indicated in a variety of situations when illness or a medical procedure prevents a person from maintaining a clear airway, breathing, and oxygenating the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Advanced techniques require specialized medical training and equipment, and are further categorized anatomically into supraglottic devices (such as oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal airways), infraglottic techniques (such as tracheal intubation), and surgical methods (such as cricothyrotomy, and tracheotomy). (wikipedia.org)
  • dislodge
  • The American Medical Association advocates sweeping the fingers across the back of the throat to attempt to dislodge airway obstructions, once the choking victim becomes unconscious. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Since cigarette smoking is an important cause of lung cancer and chronic bronchitis both conditions should occur together more often in cigarette smokers than would result from chance. (bmj.com)
  • If they do commonly occur together then severe airways obstruction, which is often associated with chronic bronchitis, should also be often associated with lung cancer. (bmj.com)
  • The results suggested that simple bronchitis and lung cancer often occur together but that obstructive bronchitis and lung cancer do not often occur together. (bmj.com)
  • In large airways containing cartilage, bundles of elastic fibres extend parallel to the long axis of the airway and may also occur in oblique arrays in the adventitial layer. (ersjournals.com)
  • Various lung problems can occur in people with yellow nail syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hypoxia
  • Reference : Increased hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha expression in lung cells of horses with rec. (uliege.be)
  • pleural
  • Biochemical approaches necessarily include the elastin present in the vasculature, conducting airways, alveolar walls and pleural surfaces 11 . (ersjournals.com)
  • Each lung is enclosed within a pleural sac which allows the inner and outer walls to slide over each other whilst breathing takes place, without much friction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Forty percent of cases develop pleural effusions, which are collections of fluid in the pleural cavity (the space that contains the lungs and normally only has a minimal amount of fluid in it). (wikipedia.org)
  • People with pleural effusions may show evidence of restriction in lung volumes due to the fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancer
  • Relation between lung cancer, chronic bronchitis, and airways obstruction. (bmj.com)
  • Two hundred men and 43 women who presented with lung cancer provided information on the prevalence of defined chronic bronchitis and airways obstruction in those suffering from lung cancer. (bmj.com)
  • The third group consisted of 233 men presenting with defined chronic bronchitis who were kept under observation to discover how many would die from lung cancer. (bmj.com)
  • The lack of association between lung cancer and severe airways obstruction requires an explanation. (bmj.com)
  • There is intrinsic, inside the airway (larynx, trachea, bronchus) and extrinsic which is compression of these organs such as by a large blood clot or cancer or strangulation. (healthtap.com)
  • 10 provide new information concerning the elastin content at these two sites, based on the examination of tumour-free portions of lung specimens removed from patients with cancer. (ersjournals.com)
  • The vast majority (85%) of cases of lung cancer are due to long-term tobacco smoking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lung cancer may be seen on chest radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Worldwide in 2012, lung cancer occurred in 1.8 million people and resulted in 1.6 million deaths. (wikipedia.org)
  • Overall, 17.4% of people in the United States diagnosed with lung cancer survive five years after the diagnosis, while outcomes on average are worse in the developing world. (wikipedia.org)
  • In lung cancer, these phenomena may include hypercalcemia, syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH, abnormally concentrated urine and diluted blood), ectopic ACTH production, or Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (muscle weakness due to autoantibodies). (wikipedia.org)
  • Tobacco smoking is by far the main contributor to lung cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Across the developed world, 90% of lung cancer deaths in men during the year 2000 were attributed to smoking (70% for women). (wikipedia.org)
  • Smoking accounts for about 85% of lung cancer cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Passive smoking-the inhalation of smoke from another's smoking-is a cause of lung cancer in nonsmokers. (wikipedia.org)
  • aspiration
  • This is accomplished by clearing or preventing obstructions of airways, often referred to as choking, cause by the tongue, the airways themselves, foreign bodies or materials from the body itself, such as blood or aspiration. (wikipedia.org)
  • A finger sweep can push the foreign body further down the airway, making it harder to remove, or cause aspiration by inducing the person to vomit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prevention techniques focus on preventing airway obstruction by the tongue and reducing the likelihood of aspiration of stomach contents or blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stridor
  • Stridor is when there is swelling at or just above the larynx causing obstruction to inhalation. (healthtap.com)
  • Stridor is a physical sign which is caused by a narrowed or obstructed airway. (wikipedia.org)
  • Congenital anomalies of the airway are present in 87% of all cases of stridor in infants and children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Use of nebulized racemic adrenaline epinephrine (0.5 to 0.75 ml of 2.25% racemic epinephrine added to 2.5 to 3 ml of normal saline) in cases where airway edema may be the cause of the stridor. (wikipedia.org)
  • As in conscious patients stridor can be heard if there is an airway obstruction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pulmo
  • Medical terms related to the lung often begin with pulmo-, from the Latin pulmonarius (of the lungs) as in pulmonology, or with pneumo- (from Greek πνεύμων "lung") as in pneumonia. (wikipedia.org)
  • chest
  • Simple chest roentenograms may reveal collapse due to airway obstruction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The veterinarian will usually auscultate (listen to the horse's chest with a stethoscope) to attempt to detect adventitious lung sounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • The right lung is bigger than the left, which shares space in the chest with the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media The lungs are located in the chest on either side of the heart in the rib cage. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lungs stretch from close to the backbone in the rib cage to the front of the chest and downwards from the lower part of the trachea to the diaphragm. (wikipedia.org)
  • The medial surfaces of the lungs face towards the centre of the chest, and lie against the heart, great vessels, and the carina where the trachea divides into the two main bronchi. (wikipedia.org)
  • lower airways
  • It was initially thought that exhaled NO derived mostly from the sinuses, which contain high levels of NO. It has subsequently been shown that the lower airways contribute most of the exhaled NO, and that contamination from the sinuses is minimal. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some cases, a bronchoalveolar lavage may be carried out - an endoscope is used to look down the trachea, and mucus and cells are washed out of the lower airways for analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • association between lung
  • Aims The association between lung function and cardiac markers and heart failure (HF) has been little studied in the general older population. (bmj.com)
  • We have examined the association between lung function and airway obstruction with cardiac markers N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and risk of incident HF in older men. (bmj.com)
  • intubation
  • Other methods of intubation involve surgery and include the cricothyrotomy (used almost exclusively in emergency circumstances) and the tracheotomy, used primarily in situations where a prolonged need for airway support is anticipated. (wikipedia.org)
  • resistance
  • Because these measurements reflect the time constant for lung emptying, they detect the combined effect of resistance offered by the airways and lung compliance, which determines the elastic force required to drive air out of the lungs. (ersjournals.com)
  • FEV1
  • Conclusions Reduced FEV1 reflecting airflow obstruction is associated with cardiac dysfunction and increased risk of incident HF in older men. (bmj.com)
  • An airway restriction would not produce a reduced FEV1/FVC ratio, but would reduce the vital capacity. (wikipedia.org)
  • back of the throat
  • This maneuver involves extension of the neck and flexion of the head (also called the sniffing position), which opens up the airway by lifting the tongue away from the back of the throat. (wikipedia.org)