• pleura
  • Protecting each lung is the pleura, a two-layered membrane that envelops the lung and contains lubricating fluid between its inner and outer layers. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It occurs when either local or generalized fibrotic changes in the lung or pleura hamper expansion and increase elastic recoil during expiration. (wikipedia.org)
  • In rounded atelectasis (Folded lung or Blesovsky syndrome), an outer portion of the lung slowly collapses as a result of scarring and shrinkage of the membrane layers covering the lungs (pleura), which would show as visceral pleural thickening and entrapment of lung tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • epithelial
  • Although little is known about their biologic potential due to limited follow-up data, these tumors when in the lung clearly have the capacity to infiltrate and metastasize and therefore should be designated as epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gefitinib
  • Intercalated administration of Iressa┬« (gefitinib) on days 5-18 of chemotherapy cycle improve the efficacy of Pemetrexed/platinum regimen given as first-line treatment for never-smokers with advanced (stage IIIB/IV) lung adenocarcinoma. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Investigators hope to show that intercalated administration of Iressa┬« (gefitinib) and Pemetrexed/platinum regimen improves the outcome of never-smokers with advanced (stage IIIB/IV) lung adenocarcinoma. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • lymphoma
  • Other side effects may include liver disease, lung disease, lymphoma, and severe skin rashes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other disease states that increase the risk of developing tuberculosis are Hodgkin lymphoma, end-stage renal disease, chronic lung disease, malnutrition, and alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • The lungs are made of elastic tissue filled with interlacing networks of tubes and sacs carrying air, and with blood vessels carrying blood. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Although frequently described as a collapse of lung tissue, atelectasis is not synonymous with a pneumothorax, which is a more specific condition that features atelectasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • lobe
  • Direct signs of atelectasis include displacement of interlobar fissures and mobile structures within the thorax, overinflation of the unaffected ipsilateral lobe or contralateral lung, and opacification of the collapsed lobe. (wikipedia.org)
  • pleural
  • The lungs are surrounded by an airtight compartment, the pleural space within the pleural membrane. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Relief of pneumothorax and collapse of the lung from accumulations of either air or fluids within the pleural space may be provided by aspiration of the air or fluid from the thoracic cavity ( thoracentesis ) or by insertion of chest tubes to provide for a gradual reexpansion of the lung. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It is usually associated with accumulation of blood, fluid, or air within the pleural cavity, which mechanically collapses the lung. (wikipedia.org)
  • collapse
  • Atelectasis is the collapse or closure of a lung resulting in reduced or absent gas exchange. (wikipedia.org)
  • If a large volume of nitrogen in the lungs is replaced with oxygen, the oxygen may subsequently be absorbed into the blood, reducing the volume of the alveoli, resulting in a form of alveolar collapse known as absorption atelectasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • The blocked, contracted lung may develop pneumonia that fails to resolve completely and leads to chronic inflammation, scarring, and bronchiectasis. (wikipedia.org)