• toxicity
  • 2) Liver transplantation in HCV/HIV coinfection is feasible but requires a cautious monitoring of HCV reinfection, of drug interactions and of antiretroviral toxicity. (natap.org)
  • Toxicity results from ingesting too much preformed vitamin A from foods (such as fish or animal liver), supplements, or prescription medications and can be prevented by ingesting no more than the recommended daily amount. (wikipedia.org)
  • dialysis
  • Artificial liver support like liver dialysis or bioartificial liver support concepts are currently under preclinical and clinical evaluation. (wikipedia.org)
  • CPM may also occur in patients prone to hyponatraemia affected by: severe liver disease liver transplant alcoholism severe burns malnutrition anorexia severe electrolyte disorders AIDS hyperemesis gravidarum hyponatremia due to Peritoneal Dialysis Wernicke encephalopathy The currently accepted theory states that the brain cells adjust their osmolarities by changing levels of certain osmolytes like inositol, betaine, and glutamine in response to varying serum osmolality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Homozygous FH often does not respond to medical therapy and may require other treatments, including LDL apheresis (removal of LDL in a method similar to dialysis) and occasionally liver transplantation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adult
  • If an adult liver is available and is an appropriate match for two individuals on the waiting list, the donor liver can be divided into two segments and each part is transplanted. (medcentral.org)
  • transplant wait
  • As a result, there are more than 1800 deaths per year on the liver transplant waiting list [ 2 ]. (uptodate.com)
  • However, improved response rates using the combination of pegylated interferon and ribavirin, greater experience in using hematopoietic growth factor and the need to proactively treat patients on the liver transplant waiting list have all stimulated interest in treating HCV patients with cirrhosis [ 1 , 4 , 5 ]. (medsci.org)
  • bile
  • Bilirubin is produced by the liver and is excreted in the bile. (medcentral.org)
  • After blood flow is restored to the new liver, the biliary (bile duct) anastomosis is constructed, either to the recipient's own bile duct or to the small intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzyme
  • OTC codes for the mitochondrial enzyme ornithine transcarbamylase, which is expressed only in liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recurrence
  • Generally the tempo of hepatitis C recurrence is gauged by serial liver biopsies with the decision to intervene with antiviral therapy based on local philosophy and expertise. (medsci.org)
  • The therapy of HCV post-OLT has evolved to the point where most centers base treatment decisions on the tempo of HCV recurrence on serial liver biopsies although more and larger scale studies are needed in this population. (medsci.org)
  • hepatitis
  • However recurrent hepatitis C virus infection will remain the most frequent form of recurrent disease in liver transplant programs for the foreseeable future. (medsci.org)
  • occur
  • Preformed vitamin A absorption and storage in the liver occur very efficiently until a pathologic condition develops. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • Early estimates of the incidence were as high as 1:14,000 live births, however later studies have decreased these estimates to approximately 1:60,000 - 1:72,000. (wikipedia.org)
  • complications
  • After transplantation, the very severely obese patients experienced higher rates of death due to infectious complications and cancer. (eurekalert.org)
  • The disadvantage of liver transplantation is that approximately 10% of the subjects die from the procedure or complications resulting from the procedure, which is a form of gene therapy wherein the liver expressing wild type and mutant TTR is replaced by a liver only expressing wild type TTR. (wikipedia.org)