• toxin
  • It is estimated that as little as half a mushroom contains enough toxin to kill an adult human. (wikipedia.org)
  • Doctors called a mycologist who questioned the patient and identified the mushroom as the aptly named "death angel," or Amanita bisporigera, which contains the heat-stable toxin alpha-amanitin capable of destroying the liver. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Only the livers of these mice contained an extra gene that would convert the antiviral compound gancyclovir into a potent toxin. (medindia.net)
  • genus
  • The genus Amanita accounts for more than 90% of fatal mushroom poisonings. (blogspot.com)
  • The genus name Amanita is a Latinized version of Greek 'Amanos', designating a mountain range in Southern Turkey, Amanita cesarea is called 'Cesar's mushroom' in English, Kaiserling in German and 'oronge' in French. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Although some corals can catch small fish and plankton using stinging cells on their tentacles, most corals obtain the majority of their energy and nutrients from photosynthetic unicellular dinoflagellates in the genus Symbiodinium that live within their tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other corals do not rely on zooxanthellae and can live in much deeper water, with the cold-water genus Lophelia surviving as deep as 3,000 metres (9,800 ft). (wikipedia.org)
  • detoxification
  • Bio-artificial liver support systems are experimental extracorporeal devices that use living cell lines to provide detoxification and synthesis support to the failing liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other biological hepatic systems are Bioartificial Liver Support (BLSS)12 and Radial Flow Bioreactor (RFB).15 Detoxification capacity of these systems is poor and therefore they must be used combined with other systems to mitigate this deficiency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Artificial liver support systems are aimed to temporally replace native liver detoxification functions and they use albumin as scavenger molecule to clear the toxins involved in the physiopathology of the failing liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • All patients received MARS treatment and standard medical therapy for mushroom poisoning. (wiley.com)
  • This blog links to hepatitis C news with patient friendly commentary about current HCV treatment options using information extracted from peer-reviewed journals, liver meetings/conferences, and interactive learning activities. (blogspot.com)
  • These patients are very ill, and have a very high risk of dying of their illness without adequate treatment which may include liver transplantation. (wikipedia.org)
  • extracorporeal
  • The use of extracorporeal liver assist devices as well as auxiliary liver transplantation may represent additional therapeutic options. (hindawi.com)
  • At present, there are two artificial extracorporeal liver support systems: the Molecular Adsorbents Recirculating System (MARS)10 from Gambro and Fractionated Plasma Separation and Adsorption (FPSA), commercialised as Prometheus (PROM) from Fresenius Medical Care.13 Of the two therapies, MARS is the most frequently studied, and clinically used system to date. (wikipedia.org)
  • kidneys
  • The liver is the principal organ affected, as it is the organ which is first encountered after absorption in the gastrointestinal tract, though other organs, especially the kidneys, are susceptible. (wikipedia.org)
  • necrosis
  • Liver damage from Amanita phalloides is related to the amanitins, powerful toxins that inhibit RNA polymerase II resulting in a deficient protein synthesis and cell necrosis. (hindawi.com)
  • CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis can aid in the diagnosis of infiltrative diseases involving the liver such as lymphoma, metastatic tumor, and liver necrosis. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • relatively
  • This occurs primarily in areas of the liver that are relatively poorly perfused with oxygen, or furthest away from the hepatic artery, termed Zone 3. (wikipedia.org)
  • reversible
  • Both types of hepatic insufficiency, ALF and ACLF, can potentially be reversible and liver functionality can return to a level similar to that prior to the insult or precipitating event. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapies
  • Basically, three different types of supportive therapies have been developed: bio-artificial, artificial and hybrid liver support systems (Table 2). (wikipedia.org)