• genus
  • The genus Amanita accounts for more than 90% of fatal mushroom poisonings. (blogspot.com)
  • The genus name Amanita is a Latinized version of Greek 'Amanos', designating a mountain range in Southern Turkey, Amanita cesarea is called 'Cesar's mushroom' in English, Kaiserling in German and 'oronge' in French. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Although some corals can catch small fish and plankton using stinging cells on their tentacles, most corals obtain the majority of their energy and nutrients from photosynthetic unicellular dinoflagellates in the genus Symbiodinium that live within their tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other corals do not rely on zooxanthellae and can live in much deeper water, with the cold-water genus Lophelia surviving as deep as 3,000 metres (9,800 ft). (wikipedia.org)
  • organs
  • The liver is the principal organ affected, as it is the organ which is first encountered after absorption in the gastrointestinal tract, though other organs, especially the kidneys, are susceptible. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nevertheless, due to the scarcity of organs to carry out liver transplantations, it is estimated that one third of patients with ALF die while waiting to be transplanted. (wikipedia.org)
  • detoxification
  • Bio-artificial liver support systems are experimental extracorporeal devices that use living cell lines to provide detoxification and synthesis support to the failing liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other biological hepatic systems are Bioartificial Liver Support (BLSS)12 and Radial Flow Bioreactor (RFB).15 Detoxification capacity of these systems is poor and therefore they must be used combined with other systems to mitigate this deficiency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Artificial liver support systems are aimed to temporally replace native liver detoxification functions and they use albumin as scavenger molecule to clear the toxins involved in the physiopathology of the failing liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • prognostic factors
  • Furthermore, early identification of novel prognostic factors involved in I/R injury could serve as a key endpoint to predict the outcome of liver grafts and also to promote the early adoption of novel strategies that protect against I/R injury. (medsci.org)
  • For those individuals with adverse prognostic factors and highly deteriorating liver function, doctors may recommend them to undergo liver transplantation. (medicalsymptomsguide.com)
  • extracorporeal
  • At present, there are two artificial extracorporeal liver support systems: the Molecular Adsorbents Recirculating System (MARS)10 from Gambro and Fractionated Plasma Separation and Adsorption (FPSA), commercialised as Prometheus (PROM) from Fresenius Medical Care.13 Of the two therapies, MARS is the most frequently studied, and clinically used system to date. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • This occurs primarily in areas of the liver that are relatively poorly perfused with oxygen, or furthest away from the hepatic artery, termed Zone 3. (wikipedia.org)
  • necrosis
  • Liver damage from Amanita phalloides is related to the amanitins, powerful toxins that inhibit RNA polymerase II resulting in a deficient protein synthesis and cell necrosis. (hindawi.com)
  • treatment
  • This blog links to hepatitis C news with patient friendly commentary about current HCV treatment options using information extracted from peer-reviewed journals, liver meetings/conferences, and interactive learning activities. (blogspot.com)
  • reversible
  • Both types of hepatic insufficiency, ALF and ACLF, can potentially be reversible and liver functionality can return to a level similar to that prior to the insult or precipitating event. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapies
  • Basically, three different types of supportive therapies have been developed: bio-artificial, artificial and hybrid liver support systems (Table 2). (wikipedia.org)