• infectious diseases
  • He is especially credited for singlehandedly saving tens of thousands of native African lives from decimation due to an array of infectious diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • and was a fellow at the Dutch Royal Tropical Institute foundation in The Netherlands, and the Tulane University's Medical College's School of Tropical and Infectious Diseases at New Orleans in United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was the first and the youngest native East and Central African epidemiologist in the field of tropical medicine and infectious diseases-both as researcher and a clinical practitioner in the spread, control, and eradication of infectious agents. (wikipedia.org)
  • amebiasis
  • With a $400,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health and in partnership with the William Petri Lab at the University of Virginia, IDRI scientists are developing an innovative vaccine adjuvant nanoformulation that facilitates the ability to induce effective cellular immunity and mucosal antibodies to protect against the diarrheal disease amebiasis. (idri.org)
  • Conventional vaccine adjuvants such as oil-in-water emulsions or aluminum salts do not promote effective Th1-type cellular immune responses, which are critical for complex diseases lacking effective vaccines such as malaria, tuberculosis and amebiasis. (idri.org)
  • malaria
  • Caused by parasites transmitted through the bites of infected mosquitoes, malaria puts nearly 3.2 billion people - almost half of the world's population - at risk of disease. (idri.org)
  • While there are drugs available to treat the disease, there is a need for a malaria vaccine. (idri.org)
  • Development of a vaccine to protect those living in malaria-prone regions would greatly decrease sickness and death in these areas and may be the only way to make a large impact on the disease in some countries.IDRI is a leading developer of adjuvants that stimulate the immune system. (idri.org)
  • worm
  • A worm in the gut may help people living with certain types of Crohn's disease get out of their rut, suggests a new study published Wednesday in Science . (medicaldaily.com)
  • Understanding how that connection works may help us put our parasitic freeloaders to good use or even devise worm-free ways to treat Crohn's. (medicaldaily.com)
  • And researchers saw a similar effect when they let worm-infested mice live with their uninfected counterparts. (medicaldaily.com)
  • highly contagious
  • Since Paramyxovirus , a highly contagious viral disease in pigeons that manifests as neurological symptoms, including ataxia and torticollis, was high on my list of possible diagnoses, I sent this bird to the University of Minnesota (UMN) Diagnostic Lab (D-Lab) where they would do a necropsy and test for the virus. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The disease is highly contagious and can prove fatal to fish. (wikipedia.org)
  • illness
  • Sometimes though, we send animals out for additional testing to help pinpoint the cause of the animal's illness or death. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Although a number of parasites produce no symptoms and are not associated with disease, others may cause mild, moderate, or severely acute illness and even permanent damage. (fda.gov)
  • The illness follows a lone star tick bite, and clinically resembles Lyme disease, but sufferers usually test negative for Lyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • For centuries, the animal disease was known to be a serious illness for wild and domesticated animals, especially cattle. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnostic
  • We provide internal and external diagnostic parasitological service and teach Faculty's students all aspects, venders and marvels of parasites and the disease caused by them. (edu.au)
  • Since the reemergence of Ebola virus in Central Africa, the CIRMF "Emerging Viral Disease Unit" developed diagnostic tools and epidemiologic strategies and transfers of such technology to support the response of the National Public Health System and the World Health Organization to epidemics of Ebola virus disease. (mdpi.com)
  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is used in diagnostic laboratories to detect ANCAs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vectors
  • They also identified the tick as the transmitting agent, a discovery which first introduced the concept of arthropods functioning as disease vectors. (wikipedia.org)
  • viral
  • In addition, academic training is provided at all levels to regional and international students covering emerging conditions (host factors, molecular biology, genetics) that favor the spread of viral diseases. (mdpi.com)
  • diagnose
  • Our proprietary recombinant fusion protein is now being used in tests to diagnose Chagas Disease in the U.S. and Latin America. (idri.org)
  • visceral
  • Furthermore, some feline parasites, such as Toxocara cati and hookworms may cause diseases, such as visceral and ocular larva migrans and others, including Cryptosporidium spp. (biomedcentral.com)
  • As larval stages travel through the body, they may cause visceral damage, peritonitis and inflammation, enlargement of the liver or spleen, and an inflammation of the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • A prolific scientist, he wrote or edited 3 books and 313 peer-reviewed articles in the fields of immunology and tropical medicine, and is known for the first application of fluorescent antibody imaging in the diagnosis of parasitic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • bile
  • In the chronic state the disease causes inflammation of the bile ducts, gall bladder and may cause gall stones as well as fibrosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinically it is not possible to differentiate from other liver and bile diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent studies have proved that it is definite cancer-causing agent in the liver (carcinoma) and bile duct (CCA). (wikipedia.org)
  • On autopsy, he observed that the corpse had swollen liver (hepatomegaly) and distended bile ducts, which he noted were blocked by "small, dark, vermicular-looking bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research
  • Normally, when we euthanize an animal or when an animal dies, it's disposed of or saved under a salvage permit for a licensed organization to use in their collections, for research, etc. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Our group conducts research revolving around parasites as agents of disease. (edu.au)
  • Health research programs targeting the population of Gabon and Equatorial Africa at the International Center for Medical Research in Franceville (CIRMF), Gabon, have evolved during the years since its inception in 1979 in accordance with emerging diseases. (mdpi.com)
  • In 1974, shortly after founding the International Laboratory for Research on Animal Diseases in Nairobi, he died from liver cancer in Washington, D.C. The Elvio Sadun Library at the International Livestock Research Institute in Nairobi is named in his honour. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1972 he organized, with support from the Ford and Rockefeller Foundations, a number of countries into a consortium to form a major new institute: The International Laboratory for Research on Animal Diseases (ILRAD) in Nairobi, Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gulf Coast Research Laboratory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Houseflies have been used in the laboratory in research into ageing and sex determination. (wikipedia.org)
  • infect
  • While B. bovis and Babesia bigemina prefer to infect cattle in tropical environments, they can infect other animals, such as the white-tailed deer. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • The disease later progresses to a latent phase with less symptoms and ultimately into a chronic or obstructive phase months to years later. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genomic variations have direct implications on the clinical symptoms of tick borne Lyme disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, B. burgdorferi s.s.'s tick borne Lyme disease may manifest with arthritis-like symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • arthropods
  • Traditionally, they were held to be a lineage of their own, but in the 1990s, they were proposed to form the group Ecdysozoa together with moulting animals, such as arthropods. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • Until 1957 it was believed to be a disease that only affected nonhuman mammals, when the first case of babesiosis was seen in a human. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lyme
  • Borrelia are microaerophilic and slow-growing-the primary reason for the long delays when diagnosing Lyme disease-and have been found to have greater strain diversity than previously estimated. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 10 states where Lyme disease is most common, the average was 31.6 cases per 100,000 persons for 2005. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although Lyme disease has now been reported in 49 of 50 states in the U.S (all but Hawaii), about 99% of all reported cases are confined to just five geographic areas (New England, Mid-Atlantic, East-North Central, South Atlantic, and West North-Central). (wikipedia.org)
  • Lyme disease statistics for Europe can be found at Eurosurveillance website. (wikipedia.org)
  • protective
  • Laboratory studies have shown that the possible vaccine designed by the team produces a protective action against Leishmaniasis, stimulating the patient's own immune system, reported the online edition of BBC News. (rxpgnews.com)
  • hosts
  • Grain beetles are common intermediate hosts, because they live in piles of grain where they can be ingested by rats, which are the definitive hosts. (wikipedia.org)
  • individuals
  • Their numerical dominance, often exceeding a million individuals per square meter and accounting for about 80% of all individual animals on earth, their diversity of life cycles, and their presence at various trophic levels point at an important role in many ecosystems. (wikipedia.org)
  • fever
  • Common names of the disease, which Babesia microti causes are Texas cattle fever, redwater fever, tick fever, and Nantucket fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • affects
  • No vaccine yet exists for the disease that affects 500,000 people worldwide each year - mostly in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sudan and Brazil. (rxpgnews.com)
  • burden
  • Educational methods to decrease consumption of wild watercress and other waterplants has been shown to work in areas with a high disease burden. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • The most common drugs used to treat the disease have serious side effects and are expensive. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Additional, common medications added directly to the fish's environment include copper sulfate, methylene blue, formalin, malachite green and acriflavin, all of which can be found in common fish medications designed specifically to combat this disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • The decision to develop a high security laboratory for the study of Ebola virus disease came after a 1996 Ebola virus disease outbreak in Mayibout area, Gabon. (mdpi.com)
  • The study population consisted of cats of both sexes, different age groups, ownership status and living conditions. (biomedcentral.com)