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  • migration
  • I asked this before: wouldn't this contradict a coastal migration for NE Asians, and be more in line with one either west of the Himalayas, or perhaps Myanmar/adjacent China? (blogspot.com)
  • In population genetics the term metapopulation describes discrete spatially distributed population groups which are interconnected by geneflow and migration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our study strongly supports the West Eurasian and East Asian route of migration and settlement of early Burmese population. (blogspot.com)
  • tracts
  • The length of each run is determined partly by the number of generations since the common ancestor: offspring of cousin marriages have long runs of homozygosity (ROH), while the numerous shorter tracts relate to shared ancestry tens and hundreds of generations ago. (blogspot.com)
  • markers
  • Common definitive markers of a Malayness - the religion of Islam, the Malay language and traditions - are thought to have been promulgated during this era, resulting in the ethnogenesis of the Malay as a major ethnoreligious group in the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human
  • In The History and Geography of Human Genes (Princeton, 1994), Cavalli-Sforza, Menozzi and Piazza grouped Greeks with other European and Mediterranean populations based on 120 loci (view MDS plot). (wikipedia.org)
  • estimate
  • This variation is usually calculated using Sewall Wright's fixation index (FST), which is an estimate of between to within group variation. (wikipedia.org)
  • coastal
  • When the Mycenaean state system collapsed around 1200 BC, some of these groups moved to the northern Aegean, to Cyprus and to the coastal districts of the Levant. (blogspot.com)
  • There is a humid continental climate throughout the state, even in coastal areas such as its most populous (2016 population, 66,937) city of Portland. (wikipedia.org)
  • national
  • Each national Metapopulation in the YHRD comprises all individuals sampled in a particular country regardless of the ancestry of the individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Polyethnicity divides nations, complicating the politics as local and national governments attempt to satisfy all ethnic groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • U.S. Hispanics are citizens of the United States whose ancestry or national origin is of any of the nations composing the Hispanosphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • individuals
  • Edwards (2003) claims, "It is not true, as Nature claimed, that 'two random individuals from any one group are almost as different as any two random individuals from the entire world'" and Risch et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some individuals show evidence of membership in multiple groups. (blogspot.com)
  • In particular, upper-caste individuals from Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh form one defined group, lower-caste individuals from these two states form another, and the tribal Irula samples form a third. (blogspot.com)
  • Americas
  • Most of them are descendants of the major founding groups who migrated from Asia into the Americas by crossing the Bering Strait. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • And, there were probably older, pre-Neolithic, episodes of admixture, as well, when different groups of modern humans expanded across the globa and mixed with older groups of modern humans, or, as it seems increasingly likely, with archaic humans as well. (blogspot.com)
  • recent
  • They and their parents lack many of the resources that have allowed other recent groups of newcomers to the United States to thrive. (ucdavis.edu)
  • strongly
  • It has evolved into an ethnic conflict between the pluralists who support bilingualism and linguistic access and the assimilationists who strongly oppose this and lead the official English movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • similar
  • They were the ancestors of such tribes of the Philippines as the Aeta, Agta, Ayta, Ati, Dumagat and other similar groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • minority
  • An employee who alleges that a manager or other person in power tells jokes or makes statements that are demeaning, insulting, or offensive to members of a minority group. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A manager who makes it clear that he or she believes in racial stereotypes by admitting that he or she refuses to promote a certain minority group because "all [members of that group] are lazy. (encyclopedia.com)
  • studies
  • These trios represent the first group of approximately 2,700 trios who have undergone whole-genome sequencing (WGS) through our pediatric-based WGS research studies. (blogspot.com)
  • term
  • By analogy, the term metapopulation is used in forensic genetics to describe a set of geographically dispersed populations with shared ancestry and continuing geneflow. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to the general definition of Hispanophone, some groups in the Hispanic world make a distinction between Castilian-speaking and Spanish-speaking, with the former term denoting the speakers of the Spanish language-also known as Castilian-and the latter the speakers of the Spanish or Hispanic languages (i.e. the languages of Spain or the languages of the Hispanic nations). (wikipedia.org)
  • Europe
  • Aroostook County was chosen due to its strategic location as the closest point in the Continental United States to Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are also smaller Hispanophone groups in Canada, northern Morocco, Equatorial Guinea, Western Sahara, the Philippines and Brazil as well as in many other places around the world, particularly large cities in Western Europe and Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • second
  • If Mexican American youth were just another in the vast array of new second generation groups, there would be only modest cause for concern regarding their below average achievement and future prospects. (ucdavis.edu)
  • We begin with a discussion of the unique importance of the Mexican case and some of the difficulties involved in comparing it with other "new" second generation groups. (ucdavis.edu)
  • language
  • 68 native language groups . (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on this finding it is suggested that this language must have arrived in eastern Crete during the Late Bronze Age, when Mycenaean rulers recruited groups of mercenaries from Sicily, Sardinia and various parts of the Italian peninsula. (blogspot.com)
  • even though some of my readings and interpretations are consciously speculative, the linguistic similarities between the Praisian language and the language of the Oscan-Umbrian language group are so numerous that they are unlikely to be purely coincidental. (blogspot.com)
  • years
  • Jomon, developed independently in Japanese islands for more than 10,000 years until the isolation was ended with the influxes of continental immigrants about 2,000 years ago. (blogspot.com)
  • populations
  • We show that the earliest populations of the Near East derived around half their ancestry from a 'Basal Eurasian' lineage that had little if any Neanderthal admixture and that separated from other non-African lineages prior to their separation from each other. (blogspot.com)
  • The divergence time estimates among the major population groups suggest that Eurasian populations in this study diverged from Africans during the same time frame (approximately 90 to 110 thousand years ago). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Here, we present the first high-throughput analysis including Basques from Spanish and French provinces, and show that all Basques constitute a homogeneous group that can be clearly differentiated from other European populations. (blogspot.com)
  • Despite their close geographical proximity, the genetic differentiation between the two Stone-Age groups was greater than that observed among extant European populations. (blogspot.com)
  • New World populations (Totonac and Bolivian) are placed between Nepalese and Kyrgyzstanis, indicating higher affinity of these American samples to central Asians than to eastern Asians. (blogspot.com)
  • According to mixture models featured in that paper, the populations that brought steppe ancestry to South Asia probably lacked early European farmer (EEF) admixture. (blogspot.com)
  • In a broader comparison of populations from every region of Asia, the aforementioned cluster is subsumed in a Northeast and East Asian cluster that also includes the Koryak, Chukchi, Reindeer Chukchi, Nganasan, Samoyed, Northern Tungus, Nentsy, N. Chinese, and Mongol samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eurasian
  • A interesting new detail is that the Swedish farmer had more of the hunter-gatherer ancestry than the Iceman (the estimated difference in their non-Basal Eurasian ancestry is 77.2-56=21.2%) which seems reasonably close to the 16% difference in the related "Atlantic_Baltic" ancestry for the previous lower-quality Gok4 farmer and the Iceman I estimated in 2012 . (blogspot.com)
  • The people associated with the Jomon culture, the Neolithic inhabitants of Japan, are one of the key groups in the population history of East Asia, because they retain many archaic characters that may be traced back to Eurasian Upper Palaeolithic hunter-gatherers. (blogspot.com)
  • This is an important caveat, as American Indians and Central Asians are "pulled together" by their shared West Eurasian ancestry of post-Columbus and Neolithic/Chalcolithic Age origin respectively, and correspondingly "pulled away" by Mongoloids proper from East Asia who lack that admixture. (blogspot.com)
  • Admixture
  • The three-way admixture in much of eastern Europe is not particularly surprising as history furnishes ample evidence for groups of steppe origin in the region during historical times. (blogspot.com)
  • The admixture must have been specific to Europe and then East Asia because the European and East Asian subjects had different sets of apparently archaic alleles. (blogspot.ca)
  • Koreans are the descendants or an admixture of the ancient people who settled in the Korean Peninsula, historically said to be Siberian or paleo-Asian. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent genetic and anthropological studies indicate that the Ryukyuans are significantly related to the Ainu people and share the ancestry with the indigenous prehistoric Jōmon period (pre 10,000-1,000 BCE) people, who arrived from Southeast Asia, and with the Yamato people who are mostly an admixture of the Yayoi period (1,000 BCE-300 CE) migrants from East Asia (specifically China and the Korean peninsula). (wikipedia.org)
  • steppe
  • But at least my estimates of steppe ancestry in South Asia were generally pretty solid. (blogspot.com)
  • the comments section here has seen regular debates about the nature and source of steppe-related ancestry in South Asia. (blogspot.com)
  • 2016 identified three post-Poltavka steppe individuals in their dataset that lacked EEF ancestry and were thus more similar to samples from Poltavka than Andronovo: Potapovka I0246, Potapovka I0418 and Srubnaya_outlier I0354. (blogspot.com)
  • This is open to interpretation and impossible to prove, but I can test whether the above mentioned three post-Poltavka steppe outliers, including the two Potapovka individuals, show the right type of genetic structure to be potentially ancestral to modern-day South Asians. (blogspot.com)
  • allele
  • That person anyhow should have been able to digest milk (vide SNPedia ), what is remarkable for a supposedly hunter-gatherer population (Pitted Ware were probably regressed Neolithics and contemporary of continental Neolithics, which also lacked the allele). (blogspot.com)
  • Yayoi
  • Later, Pietrusewsky (1999) found, however, that Korean and Yayoi people were very highly separated in the East Asian cluster, indicating that the connection that Japanese have with Korea would not have derived from Yayoi people. (wikipedia.org)
  • ethnic group
  • The Cherokee were one of the first, if not the first, major non-European ethnic group to become U.S. citizens. (wikipedia.org)
  • see names of Korea) are an East Asian ethnic group and nation native to the whole Korean Peninsula and southeastern Manchuria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies of polymorphisms in the human Y-chromosome have so far produced evidence to suggest that the Korean people have a long history as a distinct, mostly endogamous ethnic group, with successive waves of people moving to the peninsula and three major Y-chromosome haplogroups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Han Taiwanese or Taiwanese Hans (Mandarin: 臺灣漢人) are an East Asian ethnic group and nation. (wikipedia.org)
  • They comprise the largest ethnic group in Taiwan constituting 95 to 98 percent of the Taiwanese population, which also includes Taiwanese Aborigines and other non-Han Taiwanese people. (wikipedia.org)
  • prehistoric
  • Perhaps the modern Caucasus where particular ethnic groups are dominated by particular Y-haplogroups is a good analogy for prehistoric man, with many different groups with their signature haplogroups kept disjoint patrilineal gene pools before beginning to merge in late prehistorical and historical times. (blogspot.nl)
  • Thus
  • Thus, ancient geographic ancestry, which is highly correlated with self-identified race/ethnicity-as opposed to current residence-is the major determinant of genetic structure in the U.S. population. (blogspot.ca)
  • indigenous
  • The Luhya are Bantu speakers from Kenya, so they are not indigenous to East Africa, but have probably picked up some native East African ancestry from their non-Bantu neighbors. (blogspot.com)
  • Other naming conventions have been proposed and used, but none are accepted by all indigenous groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Native American" was coined by the US government) Perception that a name is inherently racist, or has over time acquired racist overtones (example: "Redskin") Rejection of names assigned by an occupying and oppressive colonial government or expedition Belief that a name is too inclusive or not inclusive enough of all indigenous people, so does not effectively represent the intended group. (wikipedia.org)
  • These groups have resided within Thailand for thousands of years, with the possible exception of the Pearic peoples who are indigenous to neighboring Cambodia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brazilians are mostly descendants of Portuguese settlers, post-colonial immigrant groups, Enslaved africans and Brazil's indigenous peoples. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, 517,000 Indigenous people live in reservations and 160 thousand speak assorted Native languages, whereas millions of Brazilians have at least some degree of Amerindian ancestry due to the mentioned interracial encounters. (wikipedia.org)
  • gene
  • These continental groups evolved in parallel from the archaic evolutionary grade to the modern one, with gene flow gradually spreading advantageous alleles from one group to another. (blogspot.ca)
  • The authors reasoned that the more the apparently ancient alleles clustered by continental origin (West African, European, or East Asian), the greater the likelihood that these alleles had entered the gene pool from local archaic groups that modern humans had encountered while spreading out of Africa. (blogspot.ca)
  • researchers
  • A very important new article by a group of Greek and Chinese researchers provides the first quantitative assessment of mental processing in two groups of students, aged 8 to 14, belonging to the Caucasoid and Mongoloid races. (blogspot.ca)
  • Some historians and researchers lacking linguistic or Algonquianist training concluded that Moingona meant "people by the portage" or something similar, a reference to the Des Moines Rapids. (wikipedia.org)
  • findings
  • Our findings suggest that Stone-Age foraging groups were historically in low numbers, likely due to oscillating living conditions or restricted carrying-capacity, and that they were partially incorporated into expanding farming groups. (blogspot.com)
  • people
  • The Indian subcontinent is currently populated by more than one billion people who belong to thousands of linguistic and ethnic groups [ 1 , 2 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • There are nearly 400,000 Americans of Brazilian ancestry in the United States (including me) and 200 million people in Brazil. (theamateurthinker.com)
  • We see clear evidence that people from hunter-gatherer groups were incorporated into farming groups as they expanded across Europe. (blogspot.com)
  • A total of 819,000-plus people claim having Cherokee ancestry on the US census, which includes persons who are not enrolled members of any tribe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ryukyuans are not a recognized minority group in Japan, as Japanese authorities consider them just a subgroup of the Japanese people, akin to the Yamato people and Ainu. (wikipedia.org)
  • Comparative linguistic research seems to indicate that the Tai people were a proto-Tai-Kadai-speaking culture of southern China, and like the Malayo-Polynesians, they may originally have been of Austronesian descent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike the Malayo-Polynesian group who later sailed south to the Philippines and other parts of maritime Southeast Asia, the ancestors of the modern Tai-Kadai people sailed west to mainland China and possibly traveled along the Pearl River, where their language greatly changed from other Austronesian languages under the influence of Sino-Tibetan and Hmong-Mien language infusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Codex Cumanicus was a linguistic manual that was written to help Catholic missionaries communicate with the Cuman people. (wikipedia.org)
  • evidence
  • These conclusions disagree with numerous previous studies, and are not consistent with the historical and linguistic evidence that supports the distinctiveness of Basques. (blogspot.com)
  • Linguistic evidence indicates speakers of proto-Korean languages were established in southeastern Manchuria and northern Korean peninsula by the Three Kingdoms of Korea period, and migrated from there to southern Korea during this period. (wikipedia.org)
  • significantly
  • So using the qpAdm algorithm let's test a model in which the descendants or close relatives of these three samples, labeled as Potapovka2-Srubnaya_outlier , move into the Andronovo horizon and then onto South Asia, contributing significantly to the genetic structure of modern-day South Asians. (blogspot.com)
  • 19th
  • There were two major waves of Han immigration: from the Ching Empire in the 18th and 19th centuries and from the then Republic of China's continental territory, which is now ruled by China, after World War II (1945-1949). (wikipedia.org)
  • mixture
  • in that their ancestry is a mixture of both European hunter-gatherers like LaBrana1 and ~15% of something related to MA1 , which seems quite close to the 19% of ANE ancestry for the older Motala hunter-gatherer also from Sweden. (blogspot.com)
  • minority group
  • where the majority of the population speak another language, the minority group sometimes adopted the more dominant language and lost their original language. (wikipedia.org)
  • peoples
  • There were violent ethnic conflicts (termed "分類械鬥" in government documents of the Ching Empire), which played a major role in determining the distribution of different groups of Han peoples in Taiwan. (wikipedia.org)
  • When discussing broad groups of peoples, naming may be based on shared language, region, or historical relationship, such as "Algonquin-speaking peoples", "Pueblo-dwelling peoples", "Plains Indians" or "LDN peoples" (Lakota, Dakota and Nakota peoples). (wikipedia.org)
  • India
  • To analyze an unbiased sample of genetic diversity in India and to investigate human migration history in Eurasia, we resequenced one 100-kb ENCODE region in 92 samples collected from three castes and one tribal group from the state of Andhra Pradesh in south India. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • different
  • Subjects identified themselves as belonging to one of four major racial/ethnic groups (white, African American, East Asian, and Hispanic) and were recruited from 15 different geographic locales within the United States and Taiwan. (blogspot.ca)
  • In this paper, with a lower K the different European and West Asian subclusters are not visible. (blogspot.com)
  • Their different languages, habits, ideologies and relationships with the Republic of China government sometimes led to conflicts between these two groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • No exact data are available concerning the different ethnic groups in Turkey. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arabs
  • However, it is clear that the Turkish are in the majority, while the largest minority groups are Kurds and Arabs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bulgarians
  • A PCA with an Iron age Etruscan though from an upcoming paper months ago though had him by Bulgarians, which goes against the idea non EEF West Asian blood came mostly in Roman times. (blogspot.com)
  • comprise
  • The peopling of Thailand refers to the process by which the ethnic groups that comprise the population of present-day Thailand came to inhabit the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • At the same time, Asians and Hispanics have increased in the District, keeping it majority-minority. (wikipedia.org)
  • diversity
  • While the specific properties of ancient DNA may still affect comparisons with sequence data from modern-day individuals, the conditional nucleotide diversity in the hunter-gatherers was also lower than in any modern-day European and a Chinese population (22) analyzed using the same approach as for the ancient groups. (blogspot.com)
  • population
  • Both Hungarians and Mansi have much more complex genetic population history than the traditional tree-based linguistic model would suggest. (blogspot.co.za)
  • The Y-chromosome is an extreme outlier compared to modern groups, probably because of its heavy G2a domination, whereas the mtDNA from Treilles appears just like a normal and unexceptional Mediterranean-type population. (blogspot.nl)
  • The result is an extremely diverse population of distantly related tribes with a common Asian heritage steeped in ancient tradition. (wikipedia.org)
  • ancient
  • One popular interpretation of "Des Moines" ignores Vogel's research, and concludes that it refers to a group of French Trappist monks, who in the 17th century lived in huts built on top of what is now known as the ancient Monks Mound at Cahokia, the major center of Mississippian culture, which developed in what is present-day Illinois, east of the Mississippi River and the current city of St. Louis. (wikipedia.org)
  • European
  • Wall and colleagues compared genetic polymorphisms in subjects of European, West African (Yoruba), and East Asian descent. (blogspot.ca)
  • One observation is the existence of some "red" West Asian component in the N. European sample, which is not found in Slovenians. (blogspot.com)
  • The linguistic part traces the connections between the various Indo-European languages, and reconstructs the proto-Indo-European language. (wikipedia.org)
  • region
  • The regional diversities were further estimated by pooling all individuals into regional aggregates, and by computing the mean variance within local groups in each region. (blogspot.com)
  • The Laotian Tai ethnic groups, often referred to as the Lao, are largely clustered in the Isan region of Thailand. (wikipedia.org)
  • West Asian
  • There's really no way to know when non EEF West Asian blood came into SouthEast Europe. (blogspot.com)
  • The West Asian affiliations of the main Caucasoid component are evident, and agree with Behar et al. (blogspot.com)
  • Central Asian
  • This is more likely an artifact of the mixed (Caucasoid-Amerindian) ancestry of these American samples, rather than an indication of their Central Asian origin, as the authors seem to believe. (blogspot.com)
  • The Proto-Indo-Iranians, from which the Indo-Aryans and the Iranians developed, formed as a distinguishable culture at the Central Asian steppes north of the Caspian Sea as the Sintashta culture (2100-1800 BCE), present-day Russia and Kazakhstan, and developed further as the Andronovo culture (1800-1400 BCE), around the Aral Sea. (wikipedia.org)