• Austronesian
  • Malays (Malay: Orang Melayu, Jawi: أورڠ ملايو) are an Austronesian ethnic group that predominantly inhabit the Malay Peninsula, eastern Sumatra and coastal Borneo, as well as the smaller islands which lie between these locations - areas that are collectively known as the Malay world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Austronesians, Austronesian people or Austronesian-speaking people are various distinct ethnic groups in Southeast Asia, Oceania and East Africa that speak languages of the Austronesian family. (wikipedia.org)
  • On top of that, Austronesian diaspora also can be found in the United States of America, the Netherlands, United Kingdom, Hong Kong, as well as West Asian countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • In time, the spread of other language groups such as Austroasiatic, Tai-Kadai, Hmong-Mien and Sino-Tibetan (such as Chinese) led to the assimilation and eventual sinicization of all (proto) Austronesian-speaking populations that remained on the mainland (a process which continues today in Taiwan). (wikipedia.org)
  • In a recent treatment, all Austronesian languages were classified into 10 subfamilies, with all the extra-Formosan languages grouped in one subfamily and with representatives of the remaining nine known only in Taiwan. (wikipedia.org)
  • An element in the ancestry of Austronesian-speaking peoples, the one which carried their ancestral language, originated on the island of Taiwan following the migration of pre-Austronesian-speaking peoples from continental Asia between approximately 10,000-6,000 BC. (wikipedia.org)
  • geographic
  • Because strong correlations between geographic areas and Y chromosomal variants exist, the YHRD population database was structured to display the geographic, linguistic and phylogenetic relationship of searched haplotype profiles. (wikipedia.org)
  • In everyday life, many societies classify populations into groups based on phenotypical traits and impressions of probable geographic ancestry and cultural identity-these are the groups usually called "races" in countries like the United States, Brazil, and South Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medical practitioners also sometimes argue that racial categories can be used successfully as proxies to assess risk of those different heritable illnesses that occur with different frequencies among populations of different geographic ancestries. (wikipedia.org)
  • migration
  • I asked this before: wouldn't this contradict a coastal migration for NE Asians, and be more in line with one either west of the Himalayas, or perhaps Myanmar/adjacent China? (blogspot.com)
  • In population genetics the term metapopulation describes discrete spatially distributed population groups which are interconnected by geneflow and migration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our study strongly supports the West Eurasian and East Asian route of migration and settlement of early Burmese population. (blogspot.com)
  • tracts
  • The length of each run is determined partly by the number of generations since the common ancestor: offspring of cousin marriages have long runs of homozygosity (ROH), while the numerous shorter tracts relate to shared ancestry tens and hundreds of generations ago. (blogspot.com)
  • Sardinia
  • Based on this finding it is suggested that this language must have arrived in eastern Crete during the Late Bronze Age, when Mycenaean rulers recruited groups of mercenaries from Sicily, Sardinia and various parts of the Italian peninsula. (blogspot.com)
  • markers
  • Common definitive markers of a Malayness - the religion of Islam, the Malay language and traditions - are thought to have been promulgated during this era, resulting in the ethnogenesis of the Malay as a major ethnoreligious group in the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oceania
  • The YHRD defines six continental Metapopulations following the United Nations classification of geographical regions: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America, Oceania. (wikipedia.org)
  • Situated in the southeast of the Asia Pacific region, Oceania is the smallest continental grouping in land area and the second smallest in population after Antarctica. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term Oceania is used because, unlike the other continental groupings, it is the ocean that links the nations together. (wikipedia.org)
  • cluster
  • Southeast Asians (Iban, Cambodians, and Vietnamese) have ∼10% membership in the inferred Indian cluster, and the African Hema cluster shares ∼15% membership with the inferred European cluster. (blogspot.com)
  • among
  • Despite the importance of African populations for studying human origins and the complexity of demographic and linguistic relationships among African populations, genome-wide analyses of sub-Saharan variation have been sparse. (blogspot.com)
  • Alignment to an ancestry specific reference genome discovers additional variants among 1000 Genomes ASW Cohort. (blogspot.com)
  • This method studies differences in the frequencies of particular allelic traits, namely polymorphisms from proteins found within human blood (such as the ABO blood groups, Rhesus blood antigens, HLA loci, immunoglobulins, G6PD isoenzymes, among others). (wikipedia.org)
  • African
  • The African, East/Southeast Asian, European, and Indian individuals are correctly assigned to their self-identified continental groups without exception. (blogspot.com)
  • No sub-Saharan African genes were observed in this population, therefore, non-Caucasoid maternal ancestry in Greece is very low, as elsewhere in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • strongly
  • It has evolved into an ethnic conflict between the pluralists who support bilingualism and linguistic access and the assimilationists who strongly oppose this and lead the official English movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • estimate
  • This variation is usually calculated using Sewall Wright's fixation index (FST), which is an estimate of between to within group variation. (wikipedia.org)
  • coastal
  • When the Mycenaean state system collapsed around 1200 BC, some of these groups moved to the northern Aegean, to Cyprus and to the coastal districts of the Levant. (blogspot.com)
  • There is a humid continental climate throughout the state, even in coastal areas such as its most populous (2016 population, 66,937) city of Portland. (wikipedia.org)
  • evidence
  • Some individuals show evidence of membership in multiple groups. (blogspot.com)
  • With the caveat about drift in mind, there does not seem to be any evidence that Basques are more West Asian-admixed than any other population. (blogspot.com)
  • individuals
  • Each national Metapopulation in the YHRD comprises all individuals sampled in a particular country regardless of the ancestry of the individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Edwards (2003) claims, "It is not true, as Nature claimed, that 'two random individuals from any one group are almost as different as any two random individuals from the entire world'" and Risch et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • In particular, upper-caste individuals from Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh form one defined group, lower-caste individuals from these two states form another, and the tribal Irula samples form a third. (blogspot.com)
  • where West_Asian consists of 50 random individuals drawn from the K7b West_Asian component. (blogspot.com)
  • term
  • By analogy, the term metapopulation is used in forensic genetics to describe a set of geographically dispersed populations with shared ancestry and continuing geneflow. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ancestry" is a term collating historical, cultural, geographical and linguistic categories. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a linguistic concern, the term is sometimes meant to discourage a dichotomous view of the racial landscape between the white category and everyone else. (wikipedia.org)
  • Americas
  • Most of them are descendants of the major founding groups who migrated from Asia into the Americas by crossing the Bering Strait. (wikipedia.org)
  • racial
  • In 1995, as part of a review of the Office of Management and Budget's Statistical Policy Directive No. 15 (Race and Ethnic Standards for Federal Statistics and Administrative Reporting), a survey was conducted of census recipients to determine their preferred terminology for the racial/ethnic groups defined in the Directive. (wikipedia.org)
  • similar
  • They were the ancestors of such tribes of the Philippines as the Aeta, Agta, Ayta, Ati, Dumagat and other similar groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • These trios represent the first group of approximately 2,700 trios who have undergone whole-genome sequencing (WGS) through our pediatric-based WGS research studies. (blogspot.com)