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  • result
  • By assuming that the set of haplotypes that result from genotype mapping corresponds and adheres to the concept of perfect phylogeny (as well as other assumptions such as perfect Mendelian inheritance and the fact that there is only one mutation per SNP), one is able to infer missing haplotype data. (wikipedia.org)
  • nature
  • This seldom occurs in nature: localization of gamete exchange - through dispersal limitations, preferential mating, cataclysm, or other cause - may lead to small actual Gamo demes which exchange gametes reasonably uniformly within themselves but are virtually separated from their neighboring Gamo demes. (wikipedia.org)
  • restriction
  • Current methods of genotyping include restriction fragment length polymorphism identification (RFLPI) of genomic DNA, random amplified polymorphic detection (RAPD) of genomic DNA, amplified fragment length polymorphism detection (AFLPD), polymerase chain reaction (PCR), DNA sequencing, allele specific oligonucleotide (ASO) probes, and hybridization to DNA microarrays or beads. (wikipedia.org)
  • transgenesis
  • The use of other mutagenic techniques (such as P-element transgenesis in Drosophila) also has limitations, the major one being the randomness of incorporation and the possibility of affecting other genes and expression patterns. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • These limitations have forced many to reconsider the significance of cytology as a primary screening test particularly when compared to Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) testing. (clytojournals.com)
  • Lactase persistence One of the best known examples is the prevalence of the genotype for adult lactose absorption in human populations, such as Northern Europeans and some African societies, with a long history of raising cattle for milk. (wikipedia.org)