• periodontal ligament
  • During the last decade it has become clear that periodontal ligament fibroblasts may contribute to the in vitro differentiation of osteoclasts. (uva.nl)
  • Periodontal ligament fibroblasts have the capacity to select and attract osteoclast precursors and subsequently to retract and enable migration of osteoclast precursors to the bone surface. (uva.nl)
  • Periodontal ligament fibroblasts produce primarily OPG, an osteoclastogenesis-inhibitory molecule. (uva.nl)
  • Incubation of periodontal ligament fibroblasts with bacteria or bacterial components causes an increased expression of RANKL and other osteoclastogenesis-stimulating molecules, such as tumor necrosis factor-α and macrophage-colony stimulating factor. (uva.nl)
  • Periodontal ligament fibroblasts may be considered to play an important role in the remodelling of alveolar bone. (uva.nl)
  • In vitro experiments have demonstrated that periodontal ligament fibroblasts adapt to bacterial and mechanical stimuli by synthesizing higher levels of osteoclastogenesis-stimulating molecules. (uva.nl)
  • occur
  • Varicosities, e.g. enlargement of the blood vessels of the round ligament can occur during pregnancy, causing pain and swelling. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients who are suspected to have a posterior cruciate ligament injury should always be evaluated for other knee injuries that often occur in combination with an PCL injuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] To understand how posterior cruciate ligament injury can occur, one must consider the anatomical and physiological properties of the PCL. (wikipedia.org)
  • although
  • RLP and inguinal hernia Several cases of varicosity, of the round ligament during pregnancy leading to RLP have been reported although they were frequently misdiagnosed as inguinal hernia. (wikipedia.org)