• 19th century
  • Goats and sheep were introduced in the 19th century, and from 1941 to 1990 the island was used by the U.S. armed forces for munitions testing and bombing exercises, both of which further damaged the island's ecology. (britannica.com)
  • Henry ʻŌpūkahaʻia (circa 1792-1818) was one of the first native Hawaiians to become a Christian, inspiring American Protestant missionaries to come to the island during the 19th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • beaches
  • In one day, you can get the entire way around the island, eating many of the state's specialties while walking some of it off at the national parks, on the black sand beaches, and under the roaring waterfalls. (seriouseats.com)
  • Police warned people to stay back at least a quarter-mile from the coast ahead of the waves' arrival, leaving many of the islands' beaches desserted. (go.com)
  • Mauna Kea
  • Boulders deposited by an ancient glacier that once covered the summit of Mauna Kea on the island of Hawaii have provided more evidence of the extraordinary power and reach of global change, particularly the slowdown of a North Atlantic Ocean current system that could happen again and continues to be a concern to climate scientists. (redorbit.com)
  • A new study has found geochemical clues near the summit of Mauna Kea that tell a story of ancient glacier formation, the influence of the most recent ice age, more frequent major storms in Hawaii, and the impact of a distant climatic event that changed much of the world. (redorbit.com)
  • Image 2: Peter Clark, a professor of geosciences at Oregon State University, stands in a field of glacial debris on the mountain of Mauna Kea in Hawaii, left there by an ancient glacier. (redorbit.com)
  • Chapter
  • Between April 2, 2006 and June 26, 2015, Hawaii State law (Hawaii Revised Statutes Chapter 486J-10 and Hawaii Administrative Rules Chapter 15-35) required all gasoline sold for vehicles to contain 10% ethanol (E-10). (wikipedia.org)
  • Currently 10,411 properties participate in this program, and the requirements for the program are described in the Hawai'i County Code Chapter 19-57. (damontucker.com)
  • coral island
  • The terrain is low-lying and sandy: a coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef with a depressed central area devoid of a lagoon with its highest point being 8 m (26 ft) above sea level. (wikipedia.org)
  • The terrain is low-lying and sandy: a coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef with a slightly raised central area. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1983
  • ANZCAN, laid in 1983-4, was a replacement for COMPAC and covered the same route but with landings at Norfolk Island, one from Auckland and one from Sydney. (atlantic-cable.com)
  • southeast
  • The Lō'ihi Seamount, a growing volcano that could break the surface of the ocean tens of thousands of years from the present, is located 18.6 miles (30 km) southeast of the island of Hawaii. (britannica.com)
  • The island's prehistoric settlement may have begun about 1000 BC when eastern Melanesians traveled north and may have extended down to Rawaki, Kanton, Manra and Orona of the Phoenix Islands, 500 to 700 km southeast. (wikipedia.org)
  • Volcanoes
  • The Big Island has active volcanoes, world class big game fishing, and a whole lot of land to explore if that's what gets you excited. (aimforawesome.com)
  • California
  • It was laid from Point Arena, California to Makaha, Hawaii, from which it goes to an undersea branching unit and splits to Chikura, Japan and Tanguisson, Guam. (wikipedia.org)
  • whaler
  • Captain George B. Worth of the Nantucket whaler Oeno sighted Howland around 1822 and called it Worth Island. (wikipedia.org)
  • Daniel MacKenzie of the American whaler Minerva Smith was unaware of Worth's sighting when he charted the island in 1828 and named it after his ship's owners on December 1, 1828. (wikipedia.org)
  • missionaries
  • Samuel B. Ruggles, one of the First Company of missionaries to Hawaii and a fellow student of `Ōpūkaha`ia at Cornwall, mentions in an 1819 letter that his own grammar (which does survive) was "much assisted by one which `Ōpūkaha`ia attempted to form. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was the third church established in Hawaii by missionaries inspired by Opukahaʻia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1893, Queen Liliʻuokalani was deposed by U.S. Marines and American sugarcane plantation owners who were in large part the children of American Calvinist missionaries, and a provisional government was installed (see Overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii). (wikipedia.org)
  • 1935
  • During a 1935-1942 colonization attempt, the island was most likely on Hawaii time, which was then 10.5 hours behind UTC. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States raised the question at the beginning of the 1920s and after some diplomatic exchanges, they launched in 1935 the American Equatorial Islands Colonization Project and issued on May 1936 Executive Order 7358 to clarify their sovereignty. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first telephone cable laid across the Strait was in 1935 when Siemens Bros. used CS Faraday(2) to do the work. (atlantic-cable.com)
  • area
  • Today Sand Island is home to a state recreation area, a U.S. Coast Guard base, a wastewater treatment facility, and an assortment of industrial facilities, but no evidence of the wartime detention center remains. (wikipedia.org)
  • The island is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as an insular area under the U.S. Department of the Interior and is part of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument. (wikipedia.org)
  • The difficult life on these isolated islands along with unreliable fresh water supplies may have led to the dereliction or extinction of the settlements, much the same as other islands in the area (such as Kiritimati and Pitcairn) were abandoned. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jobs are predominantly in the tourism area, and, as on all islands - some in construction. (aimforawesome.com)
  • The Phoenix Islands Protected Area constitutes 11.34% of Kiribati's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and with a size of 408,250 km2 (157,630 sq mi) it is the second largest marine protected area (MPA) in the Pacific Ocean. (wikipedia.org)
  • department
  • If you see this scale, report it to the Hawaii Department of Agriculture at 643-PEST or 832-0566 (O'ahu). (damontucker.com)
  • In the article Deborah Ward, the information specialist for the Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resources, said "DLNR's Division of Conservation and Resources Enforcement is investigating recent cases of theft of koa at Kōke'e State Park, as well as other pending cases. (damontucker.com)
  • Hawai'i Forest Industry Association encourages anyone suspecting agricultural theft to contact their local police department to report the crime. (damontucker.com)
  • state
  • In the early 1980s, 180 acres of the island were reclaimed by the State of Hawaii for industrial and recreational development. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2007 - The Hawai'i State Legislature approves SB 1228, calling for a plan for how best to memoralize World War II confinement sites in Hawai'i. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hawaii Gov. Linda Lingle said earlier today that the state was "well prepared. (go.com)
  • As it was not a written language, but lay in its chaotic state, every thing was to be done. (wikipedia.org)
  • Now, the number of Japanese visitors to the Aloha State has fallen 25 percent since the March 11 quake, compared with a year ago, according to the Hawaii Tourism Authority reports the Wall Street Journal . (gadling.com)
  • waters
  • The Battle of Midway was fought here and in its surrounding waters, and the island remains permanently inhabited, albeit by persons who are there in consequence of their service with the United States Government, not an indigenous population. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first cable laid in Australian waters was in 1859, the route being across the Bass Strait from Cape Otway, Victoria, to Georgetown, Tasmania, via King Island, Three Hummock Island and Stanley Head. (atlantic-cable.com)
  • diplomatic
  • In 1882, the Kingdom of Hawaii sent a diplomatic delegation to St. Petersburg, Russia, to witness the coronation of Tsar Alexander III. (wikipedia.org)
  • nautical
  • Since it is uninhabited the island's time zone is unspecified, but it lies within a nautical time zone 12 hours behind UTC (UTC−12:00). (wikipedia.org)
  • It lies within a nautical time zone which is 12 hours behind UTC, named International Date Line West (IDLW). (wikipedia.org)
  • near
  • After completing this they fitted out an old hulk with cable gear and laid a 11 nm telephone cable from near Fremantle to Rottnest Island. (atlantic-cable.com)
  • Route
  • With the formation of the Pacific Cable Board the Eastern and the Eastern Extension decided to extend their England - South Africa cables to Australia, the route being Cape Town - Durban by landline, then by cable to Mauritius - Rodriguez Island - Cocos (Keeling) Islands - Cottesloe, Perth - Glenelg, Adelaide. (atlantic-cable.com)
  • west
  • Feb. 19, 1942 - President Franklin Roosevelt issues Executive Order 9066, laying the groundwork for the mass forced removal and detention of 110,000 Japanese Americans living on the West Coast. (wikipedia.org)
  • crescent from Kure Island in the west to the island of Hawaii in the east. (britannica.com)
  • On February 27th 1869 the British ship Shaftsbury under Captain John Davies, which had arrived at Baker's Island on 5th February from Montevideo, was wrecked after being driven onto the reef by a sudden wind shift and squall from the North West, dragging her moorings with her. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following her shakedown training out of San Diego and post-shakedown availability at Seattle, Stoddard screened a convoy to Pearl Harbor, departing the west coast on 16 July and reaching Hawaii on the 29th. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mission of TF 94 was to harass Japanese outposts in the Kuril Islands, northeast of Japan proper and west of the Aleutian Islands. (wikipedia.org)
  • I was on the west side of the island and there aren't very many residents or tourists there in comparison. (aimforawesome.com)
  • tsunami
  • Officials with the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) have given the "all clear" for Hawaii more than seven hours after ordering the first statewide evacation of coastal areas in 16 years. (go.com)
  • The PTWC confirmed the tsunami reached Hawaii just after 11:30 a.m. local time, 4:30 p.m. (go.com)
  • Last month's earthquake in Japan turned tsunami that damaged or destroyed shops and attractions in Hawaii has taken it's toll on tourism. (gadling.com)
  • The tsunami that struck the Big Island of Hawaii spared lives and no serious injuries or deaths were reported but caused an estimated $30 million in damages. (gadling.com)
  • catalyst
  • But both the school and `Ōpūkaha`ia were a catalyst for the Sandwich Island Mission and for the first concentrated efforts to analyse the language. (wikipedia.org)