• Yoruba
  • The Igala is related to Yoruba with which it shares a previous common ancestor, it remains unclear when both language split, mutual intelligibility in modern times is only marginal, although the sound/tonal systems remain the same, akin to the relationship between the various daughter languages of the Romance or Slavic language families. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Yoruba have shared a common language and culture for centuries but were probably never a single political unit. (britannica.com)
  • The Yoruba language has an extensive literature of poetry, short stories, myths , and proverbs. (britannica.com)
  • branches
  • Kordofanian was presented as one of several primary branches rather than being coordinate to the family as a whole, prompting re-introduction of the term Niger-Congo, which is in current use among linguists. (wikipedia.org)
  • consonant
  • In many Atlantic languages the initial consonant of the noun takes alternates according to the noun class prefix with which it occurs. (britannica.com)
  • widely
  • Dagbani is also widely known as a second language in northern Ghana, especially among acephalous tribes overseen by the King of Dagbon, the Ya-Na. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mali
  • Arabic is one of the recognized national languages in Mali. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hassaniya Arabic (a variety of Maghrebi Arabic) is spoken by a minority in Mali especially by the Azawagh Arabs (also known as nomadic Moors) nomadic ethnic Arab-ancestry tribes who are settling mainly in the area of Azawagh which is a dry basin covering what is today northwestern Niger, as well as parts of northeastern Mali and southern Algeria. (wikipedia.org)
  • The proposed western division contains Djenné Chiini and-most prominently-Koyra Chiini (KCh) (meaning "town language"), which is the local language of the historically eminent university town of Timbuktu in Mali ('Tombouctou' in French). (wikipedia.org)
  • In Mali, Koyraboro Senni or Koroboro Senni (KS) (meaning "town dweller language"), with 400,000 speakers, is the language of the town of Gao, the seat of the old Songhay Empire. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethnologue
  • Heath 1999:1 Songhay, Koyra Chiini at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009) Ethnologue, Languages of Niger Charles & Ducroz 1976 Songhay, Koyraboro Senni at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009) Heath 2005 Charles, M. C. & J. M. Ducroz. (wikipedia.org)
  • namely
  • Malta is the only country in the European Union where an Arabic dialect (namely Maltese Arabic) is an official language. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are also several TV channels in Arabic language broadcasting from Iran, namely, Al-Alam, Al-Kawthar TV as well as IFilm. (wikipedia.org)
  • classify
  • In early classifications of the languages of Africa, one of the principal criteria used to distinguish different groupings was the languages' use of prefixes to classify nouns, or the lack thereof. (wikipedia.org)
  • speakers
  • The bulk of genetic diversity appears to be a consequence of recent migrations and demographic events mainly from Asia and Europe, evident in a higher migration rate for speakers of Afro-Asiatic as compared with the Nilo-Saharan family of languages, and a generally higher effective population size for the former. (blogspot.com)
  • tones
  • Among the Malian Songhay languages, TSK is the only one with lexical tones, and in several ways it seems to be the most conservatively evolved member. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among
  • Greenberg's work on African languages, though initially greeted with scepticism, became the prevailing view among scholars. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, mutual intelligibility is only marginal, even among the Izii-Ikwo-Ezaa-Mgbo languages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Defoid
  • The name of the group derives from the fact that nearly all of the ethnic groups who speak member languages refer to the city of Ilé Ifè as their place of origin - Defoid = èdè ('language') + ifè (Ife) + oid. (wikipedia.org)
  • lexical
  • There is an insight into a historical stage of the language in the papers of Rudolf Fisch reflecting data collected during his missionary work in the German Togoland colony in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, especially the lexical list, though there is also some grammatical information and sample texts. (wikipedia.org)
  • partly
  • I was under the impression that the spread of haplogroup E1b1b (former E3b) was at least partly associated to that of Afroasiatic languages but these results would seem to challenge that idea somewhat, or at least to strongly suggest that the backtide of haplogroup J (mostly related with the Semitic subfamily in that area) has been very strong in any case. (blogspot.com)
  • Eastern
  • complex of all are the agreement systems found in pronominalized languages such as Jingpo, or within the Kiranti group of eastern Nepal, where the person (including first- and second-person inclusive and exclusive) and number (including dual) of subject and/or object may be marked on the verb. (britannica.com)
  • Arabic is spoken by a minority in Niger especially by the Diffa Arabs (also known as Mahamid Arabs) an Arab nomadic tribespeople who is living in eastern Niger, mostly in the Diffa Region. (wikipedia.org)