• Yoruba
  • The Igala is related to Yoruba with which it shares a previous common ancestor, it remains unclear when both language split, mutual intelligibility in modern times is only marginal, although the sound/tonal systems remain the same, akin to the relationship between the various daughter languages of the Romance or Slavic language families. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Yoruba have shared a common language and culture for centuries but were probably never a single political unit. (britannica.com)
  • The Yoruba language has an extensive literature of poetry, short stories, myths , and proverbs. (britannica.com)
  • family
  • It is generally considered to constitute the world's largest language family in terms of distinct languages, although this is complicated by the ambiguity about what constitutes a distinct language. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the third largest language family in the world by number of native speakers. (wikipedia.org)
  • An early sketch of the extent of Niger-Congo as one language family can be found in Koelle's observation, echoed in Bleek (1856), that the Atlantic languages used prefixes just like many Southern African languages. (wikipedia.org)
  • consequently, he renamed the family Congo-Kordofanian, later Niger-Kordofanian. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kordofanian was presented as one of several primary branches rather than being coordinate to the family as a whole, prompting re-introduction of the term Niger-Congo, which is in current use among linguists. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like Mande and Dogon, Ijoid lacks even traces of the noun class system considered characteristic of Niger-Congo, and so may have split early from that family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Agotime, or Adangbe, is one of the Ghana-Togo Mountain languages (GTM) of the Kwa family. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bulk of genetic diversity appears to be a consequence of recent migrations and demographic events mainly from Asia and Europe, evident in a higher migration rate for speakers of Afro-Asiatic as compared with the Nilo-Saharan family of languages, and a generally higher effective population size for the former. (blogspot.com)
  • consonant
  • In many Atlantic languages the initial consonant of the noun takes alternates according to the noun class prefix with which it occurs. (britannica.com)
  • widely
  • Dagbani is also widely known as a second language in northern Ghana, especially among acephalous tribes overseen by the King of Dagbon, the Ya-Na. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mali
  • Arabic is one of the recognized national languages in Mali. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hassaniya Arabic (a variety of Maghrebi Arabic) is spoken by a minority in Mali especially by the Azawagh Arabs (also known as nomadic Moors) nomadic ethnic Arab-ancestry tribes who are settling mainly in the area of Azawagh which is a dry basin covering what is today northwestern Niger, as well as parts of northeastern Mali and southern Algeria. (wikipedia.org)
  • The proposed western division contains Djenné Chiini and-most prominently-Koyra Chiini (KCh) (meaning "town language"), which is the local language of the historically eminent university town of Timbuktu in Mali ('Tombouctou' in French). (wikipedia.org)
  • In Mali, Koyraboro Senni or Koroboro Senni (KS) (meaning "town dweller language"), with 400,000 speakers, is the language of the town of Gao, the seat of the old Songhay Empire. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethnologue
  • Heath 1999:1 Songhay, Koyra Chiini at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009) Ethnologue, Languages of Niger Charles & Ducroz 1976 Songhay, Koyraboro Senni at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009) Heath 2005 Charles, M. C. & J. M. Ducroz. (wikipedia.org)
  • classify
  • In early classifications of the languages of Africa, one of the principal criteria used to distinguish different groupings was the languages' use of prefixes to classify nouns, or the lack thereof. (wikipedia.org)
  • Iranian
  • In addition, the constitution recognizes the Arabic language as the language of Islam, giving it a formal status as the language of religion, and regulates its spreading within the Iranian national curriculum. (wikipedia.org)
  • tones
  • Among the Malian Songhay languages, TSK is the only one with lexical tones, and in several ways it seems to be the most conservatively evolved member. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among
  • Greenberg's work on African languages, though initially greeted with scepticism, became the prevailing view among scholars. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, mutual intelligibility is only marginal, even among the Izii-Ikwo-Ezaa-Mgbo languages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Defoid
  • The name of the group derives from the fact that nearly all of the ethnic groups who speak member languages refer to the city of Ilé Ifè as their place of origin - Defoid = èdè ('language') + ifè (Ife) + oid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arabic
  • Malta is the only country in the European Union where an Arabic dialect (namely Maltese Arabic) is an official language. (wikipedia.org)
  • Besides, Cypriot Arabic is an official minority language in the EU member state Cyprus. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2016, there are 27 independent nations where Arabic is an official language. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where Arabic is an official or de facto official language. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2016, there are 6 independent nations where Arabic is a national language or an official minority language, but not primary language. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arabic is a recognized minority language of Iran. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the Islamic Revolution in 1979, Arabic (as the language of Quran) became mandatory for pupils in Iran. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2008, the public university Payame Noor University declared that Arabic will be the "second language" of the university, and that all its services will be offered in Arabic, concurrent with Persian. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are also several TV channels in Arabic language broadcasting from Iran, namely, Al-Alam, Al-Kawthar TV as well as IFilm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arabic is spoken by a minority in Niger especially by the Diffa Arabs (also known as Mahamid Arabs) an Arab nomadic tribespeople who is living in eastern Niger, mostly in the Diffa Region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, Arabic is a recognized minority language in Turkey. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2015, the Turkey's Ministry of Education announced that as of the 2016-17 academic year, Arabic language courses (as a second language) will be offered to students in elementary school starting in second grade. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Arabic courses will be offered as an elective language course like German, French and English which are already being offered to elementary school students for a long time. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to a prepared curriculum, second and third graders will start learning the Arabic language by listening-comprehension and speaking, while introduction to writing will join these skills in fourth grade and after fifth grade students will start learning the language in all its four basic skills. (wikipedia.org)
  • The national public broadcaster of Turkey the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (also known as TRT) broadcasts TRT Al Arabiya a 24 hours a day TV channel in Arabic language (launched in April 2010). (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2016, there are 9 non-sovereign entities where Arabic is an official language. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following is a list of non-sovereign entities and autonomous regions as well as territories where Arabic is an official or de facto official language. (wikipedia.org)
  • lexical
  • There is an insight into a historical stage of the language in the papers of Rudolf Fisch reflecting data collected during his missionary work in the German Togoland colony in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, especially the lexical list, though there is also some grammatical information and sample texts. (wikipedia.org)