• rats
  • Increased fatty acid (FA) synthesis enzymes and triglyceride deposition correlated with increased profibrotic factors were found in the kidney in diabetes in rats ( 4 ) and mice ( 5 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • reabsorption
  • Reabsorption occurs in the renal tubules and is either passive, due to diffusion, or active, due to pumping against a concentration gradient. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the hormones which signal the tubules to alter the reabsorption or secretion rate, and thereby maintain homeostasis, include (along with the substance affected) antidiuretic hormone (water), aldosterone (sodium, potassium), parathyroid hormone (calcium, phosphate), atrial natriuretic peptide (sodium) and brain natriuretic peptide (sodium). (wikipedia.org)
  • acute
  • Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR alpha) activation attenuates cisplatin (CP)-mediated acute kidney injury by increasing fatty acid oxidation, but mechanisms leading to reduced renal triglyceride (TG) accumulation could also contribute. (diva-portal.org)
  • urinary
  • Urinary casts are tiny tube-shaped particles made up of white blood cells, red blood cells, or kidney cells. (smrtx.com)
  • Casts and cellular debris originate from higher up in the urinary tract, such as in the kidneys. (smrtx.com)
  • These are material shed from kidney cell lining due to injury or inflammation and travel down through the urinary tubes. (smrtx.com)
  • fatty
  • In atheroembolic kidney disease, tiny pieces of hard fatty material travel through the bloodstream, becoming emboli (atheroemboli). (merckmanuals.com)
  • cortex
  • the increase in Pf with mRNA from cortex, but not kidney papilla, was blocked by coinjection with excess antisense CHIP28k cRNA. (rupress.org)
  • blood
  • Liddle syndrome is a rare hereditary disorder in which the collecting tubules of the kidneys excrete potassium but retain too much sodium and water, leading to high blood pressure. (merckmanuals.com)
  • citation needed] In this situation, the kidney supplied blood by the narrowed renal artery suffers from inadequate blood flow, which in turn causes the size of the kidneys to decrease. (wikipedia.org)
  • In normal individuals, free light chains are rapidly cleared from the blood and catabolised by the kidneys. (wikipedia.org)