• renal
  • It usually occurs in three settings: Loss of blood flow to the kidneys (blood loss, low blood pressure from heart failure, hardening of the renal arteries and blood clots), damage to the kidney tissue (from medications, infections, poisons), and obstruction of urine flow (enlarged prostate, urinary stones, bladder cancers, obstruction of the urethra). (rxwiki.com)
  • Under the assumption that similar pathologic mechanisms of the small vessel exist in the brain and kidney, we hypothesized that the levels of cystatin C may delineate the relationship between CMBs and renal insufficiency by detecting subclinical kidney dysfunction, which may be underestimated by other indicators, and thus reflect the severity of CMBs more accurately. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cystatin C, a cysteine proteinase inhibitor, has been proposed to be an alternative marker for renal function. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that more than 1.5 million people undergo renal replacement and subsequent kidney failure treatment. (prnob.com)
  • push
  • A build up of wastes occurs as the kidneys are unable to push them out into the bladder to be disposed of through urination. (rxwiki.com)