• chronic
  • See related handout on chronic kidney disease , written by the authors of this article. (aafp.org)
  • Chronic kidney disease affects approximately 19 million adult Americans, and its incidence is increasing rapidly. (aafp.org)
  • Diabetes and hypertension are the underlying causes in most cases of chronic kidney disease. (aafp.org)
  • Unfortunately, chronic kidney disease often is overlooked in its earliest, most treatable stages. (aafp.org)
  • Guidelines from the National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) recommend estimating glomerular filtration rate and screening for albuminuria in patients with risk factors for chronic kidney disease, including diabetes, hypertension, systemic illnesses, age greater than 60 years, and family history of chronic kidney disease. (aafp.org)
  • When chronic kidney disease is detected, an attempt should be made to identify and treat the specific underlying condition(s). (aafp.org)
  • The KDOQI guidelines define major treatment goals for all patients with chronic kidney disease. (aafp.org)
  • Primary care physicians have an important role in detecting chronic kidney disease early, in instituting measures to slow disease progression, and in providing timely referral to a nephrologist. (aafp.org)
  • All adults with risk factors for chronic kidney disease should be screened with a serum creatinine determination for GFR estimation and analysis of a random urine sample for proteinuria. (aafp.org)
  • Interventions proved to slow the progression of chronic kidney disease include blood pressure control, glycemic control, and reduction of proteinuria with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin-II receptor blocker. (aafp.org)
  • A low-density lipoprotein goal of less than 100 mg per dL (2.60 mmol per L) is recommended for patients with chronic kidney disease, because these patients are statistically at highest risk for cardiovascular disease. (aafp.org)
  • The Kidney Function Tests Market considers a growing occurrence of kidney disorders and subsequent kidney tests, a growth in the population of the elderly and more people suffering from chronic kidney diseases as the key growth drivers. (prnob.com)