• typically
  • Stones are typically classified by their location: nephrolithiasis (in the kidney), ureterolithiasis (in the ureter ), cystolithiasis (in the bladder ), or by what they are made of ( calcium oxalate , uric acid , struvite , cystine ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The asymmetry within the abdominal cavity, caused by the position of the liver, typically results in the right kidney being slightly lower and smaller than the left, and being placed slightly more to the middle than the left kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typically, the kidney functions normally despite being in the wrong location. (wikipedia.org)
  • nephrons
  • As a compensatory mechanism, the unaffected nephrons (specifically, the preglomerular arterioles) vasodilate to increase blood flow to the kidney perfusion and increase glomerular filtration across undamaged glomeruli. (wikipedia.org)
  • Through microscopic units called nephrons , the kidneys remove waste products and extra water from the food a person eats, returning chemicals the body needs (such as sodium, phosphorus, and potassium) back into the bloodstream. (kidshealth.org)
  • Each adult kidney contains around one million nephrons. (wikipedia.org)
  • ultrasound
  • To try to see what is going on, the doctor might take pictures of the kidneys with X-rays, ultrasound scans, CT scans, or MRI scans. (kidshealth.org)
  • Often a person with a pelvic kidney will go through their whole life not even knowing they have this condition, unless it is discovered on newborn kidney ultrasound screening or if complications arise later in life for this or a completely different reason, and during investigations the condition is diagnosed. (wikipedia.org)
  • organs
  • Besides taking out your body's "trash," your kidneys help balance your body's water, salt, and mineral levels so your other organs and bones can do their best work. (kidshealth.org)
  • The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs found on the left and right sides of the body in vertebrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the earliest mentions about the real possibility of a kidney transplant was by American medical researcher Simon Flexner, who declared in a reading of his paper on "Tendencies in Pathology" in the University of Chicago in 1907 that it would be possible in the then-future for diseased human organs substitution for healthy ones by surgery, including arteries, stomach, kidneys and heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kidneys are paired vital organs located behind the abdominal cavity at the bottom of the ribcage corresponding to the levels T12-L3 of the spine vertebrae. (wikipedia.org)
  • transplants
  • The Nephron Information Center offers information about how the kidneys work, transplants, and links to other sites. (kidshealth.org)
  • The first kidney transplants between living patients were undertaken in 1952 at the Necker hospital in Paris by Jean Hamburger although the kidney failed after 3 weeks of good function and later in 1954 in Boston. (wikipedia.org)
  • nephrology
  • Kidney was an international journal that offered readers a review of current literature focusing on nephrology. (springer.com)
  • Kidney International is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering all aspects of nephrology. (wikipedia.org)
  • capillaries
  • The glomerulus (/ɡləˈmɛr(j)ələs, ɡloʊ-/), plural glomeruli, is a network of capillaries known as a tuft, located at the beginning of a nephron in the kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • The glomerulus is a tuft of small blood vessels called capillaries located within Bowman's capsule within the kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • benign
  • In the kidneys, as a result of benign arterial hypertension, hyaline (pink, amorphous, homogeneous material) accumulates in the walls of small arteries and arterioles, producing the thickening of their walls and the narrowing of the arterial openings, a process known as arteriolosclerosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • These growths can be benign or malignant (kidney cancer). (wikipedia.org)
  • failure
  • Did you know that African Americans are 3 times more likely to experience kidney failure? (kidney.org)
  • The AAKP serves kidney patients and their families by helping them cope with the emotional, physical, and social impact of kidney failure. (kidshealth.org)
  • Foung, who has lupus and suffered kidney failure several years ago, was one of the reasons her family donated money to UCSF\'s artificial kidney project. (sfgate.com)
  • Kidney failure , which is also called renal failure , is when the kidneys slow down or stop properly filtering wastes from the body, which can cause buildups of waste products and toxic substances in the blood. (kidshealth.org)
  • Chronic kidney failure involves a deterioration of kidney function over time. (kidshealth.org)
  • If diagnosed early, chronic kidney failure can be treated. (kidshealth.org)
  • Diabetes and high blood pressure are seen as the 2 most common causes of kidney failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Until the Second World War, kidney failure generally meant death for the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since there is a large population of individuals with kidney failure, there continues to be advancements in technology of artificial kidneys so that more people can have access to treatments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hemodialysis is a method for removing waste products such as creatinine and urea, as well as free water from the blood when the kidneys are in kidney failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1955
  • David Neil Kidney (born 21 March 1955) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Stafford from 1997 to 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • hurler
  • John Kidney (born 30 June 1871) was an Irish hurler who played as a left half-back for the Cork senior team. (wikipedia.org)
  • susceptible
  • and Afro-Caribbean background - unclear whether this is due to them being more genetically susceptible to kidney damage by hypertension or whether it is because of poor management of high blood pressure amongst them. (wikipedia.org)
  • abdominal cavity
  • In humans, the kidneys are located high in the abdominal cavity, one on each side of the spine, and lie in a retroperitoneal position at a slightly oblique angle. (wikipedia.org)
  • fail
  • When kidneys fail to filter properly, waste accumulates in the blood and the body, a condition called azotemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the development of the human embryo, the metanephric kidneys fail to ascend and usually remain at the brim of the pelvis. (wikipedia.org)
  • hematuria
  • Kidney tumours may be discovered on medical imaging incidentally (i.e. an incidentaloma), or may be present in patients as an abdominal mass or kidney cyst, hematuria, abdominal pain, or manifest first in a paraneoplastic syndrome that seems unrelated to the kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • artificial kidney
  • The filter of an artificial kidney in a titanium housing under development by bioengineering associate professor Shuvo Roy is undergoing testing by his research team at UCSF\'s Mission Bay campus in San Francisco, Calif. on Friday, April 19, 2013. (sfgate.com)
  • The filter of an artificial kidney in a titanium housing under. (sfgate.com)
  • Bioengineering professor Shuvo Roy examines a wafer of silicon chips that will be used in the testing of an artificial kidney under development at UCSF\'s Mission Bay campus. (sfgate.com)
  • The first successful artificial kidney was developed by Willem Kolff in the Netherlands during the early 1940s. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mechanical device used to clean the patients blood is called a dialyser, also known as an artificial kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • Keep getting checked for kidney function and start adding these superfoods to your diet for optimal results. (blogspot.com)
  • So, if you really want to improve your kidney function and to lower your creatinine , watch this video now and… take care of yourself! (blogspot.com)
  • The decline of kidney function in treated patients was two third slower than those in the control group. (blogspot.com)
  • But sometimes the kidneys don't develop properly and, as a result, don't function as they should. (kidshealth.org)
  • The goal of treatment usually is to slow the decline of kidney function with medication, blood pressure control, and diet. (kidshealth.org)
  • Renal physiology is the study of kidney function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Higher dietary intake of animal protein, animal fat, and cholesterol may increase risk for microalbuminuria, a sign of kidney function decline, and generally, diets higher in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains but lower in meat and sweets may be protective against kidney function decline. (wikipedia.org)
  • He measured kidney function using a connection between the kidney and the skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • donor
  • In the episode, Jack Donaghy (Alec Baldwin) gets to know his newly discovered father, Milton Greene (Alda), but quickly learns that Milton needs a kidney transplant, and discovers he is not a suitable donor. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, Jack decides to use the liberal media to find an alternate way to get him a kidney donor. (wikipedia.org)
  • The concept of doing a charity concert was based on Robert Carlock and series creator Tina Fey wanting to include a musical performance in the episode with the Milton Greene character in need of a kidney donor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jack Donaghy (Alec Baldwin) gets to know his newly discovered father, Milton Greene (Alan Alda) but soon discovers Milton has a serious medical condition and is in search of a kidney donor. (wikipedia.org)
  • In February 2012, this novel approach to expand the living donor pool resulted in the largest chain in the world, involving 60 participants organized by the National Kidney Registry. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1933 surgeon Yuriy Voroniy from Kherson in the Soviet Union attempted the first human kidney transplant, using a kidney removed six hours earlier from the deceased donor to be reimplanted into the thigh. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Creatinine is a waste product of the kidneys, found in the blood. (blogspot.com)
  • Our kidneys work like a filter, removing extra fluids and waste products from the blood. (kidshealth.org)
  • Check out their job: each day your kidneys act like high-powered filters for about 200 quarts (189 liters) of fluid in your flowing blood. (kidshealth.org)
  • Blood pressure will be measured - if it's high, it may indicate a kidney problem. (kidshealth.org)
  • Kids with kidney problems are more likely to get high blood pressure, which can be harmful if it isn't controlled. (kidshealth.org)
  • this includes the small blood vessels, glomeruli, kidney tubules and interstitial tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors for HN include poorly controlled moderate to high blood pressure, older age, other kidney disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] In this situation, the kidney supplied blood by the narrowed renal artery suffers from inadequate blood flow, which in turn causes the size of the kidneys to decrease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Filtration occurs in the glomerulus: one-fifth of the blood volume that enters the kidneys is filtered. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can result in: Feeling tired or weak Memory problems Difficulty concentrating Dizziness Low blood pressure Normally, proteins are too large to pass through the kidneys, however, they are able to pass through when the glomeruli are damaged. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • A lot of people are convinced that avoiding to drink and smoke is enough to keep the kidneys healthy. (blogspot.com)
  • Some people just need to drink a lot of water and take pain medicines to help a kidney stone pass out the body naturally. (kidshealth.org)
  • Most people have two kidneys, but they work so effectively that a person can be happy and healthy with only one. (kidshealth.org)