• Humans
  • Other than T. gondii, the infectious organisms are canine and feline-specific and are not contagious to humans, unlike the zoonotic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is mainly used in humans in the treatment of onchocerciasis (river blindness), but is also effective against other worm infestations (such as strongyloidiasis, ascariasis, trichuriasis, filariasis and enterobiasis), and some epidermal parasitic skin diseases, including scabies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amphistomiasis or paramphistomiasis (alternatively spelled amphistomosis or paramphistomosis) is a parasitic disease of livestock animals, more commonly of cattle and sheep, and humans caused by immature helminthic flatworms belonging to the order Echinostomida. (wikipedia.org)
  • G. discoides and Watsonius watsoni are responsible for the disease in humans, while most paramphistomes are responsible in livestock animals, and some wild mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • protozoa
  • The protozoa also caused the largest waterborne-disease outbreak ever documented in the United States, making 403,000 people ill in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1993. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anemia
  • These symptoms negatively impact nutritional status, including decreased absorption of micronutrients, loss of appetite, weight loss, and intestinal blood loss that can often result in anemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • worm
  • Of these 20, two were targeted for eradication (dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease) by 2015 and yaws by 2020), and four for elimination (blinding trachoma, human African trypanosomiasis, leprosy and lymphatic filariasis by 2020). (wikipedia.org)
  • World Health Organ
  • Twenty neglected tropical diseases are prioritized by the World Health Organization (WHO), though other organizations define NTDs differently. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization recognizes the seventeen diseases below as neglected tropical diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lorenzo Savioli is a senior United Nations civil servant and the director of the Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases at the World Health Organization Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. (wikipedia.org)
  • genus
  • Genus Besnoitia infects cats that ingest cysts in the tissue of rodents and opossums, but usually do not cause disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The treatment is based upon the hypothesis that parasitic mites of the genus Demodex play a role in rosacea. (wikipedia.org)
  • ivermectin
  • Ivermectin is contraindicated in children under the age of five, or those who weigh less than 15 kilograms (33 pounds) and those who are breastfeeding, and have a liver or kidney disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Parasitic contamination can also occur from eating raw vegetables and fruits, soil-eating behavior, and lack of available safe water. (wikipedia.org)
  • sanitation
  • The most common causes of intestinal parasites are through consumption of contaminated water, infected soil, inadequate sanitation and hygiene, and improper hygiene. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, many of the research-based interventions have primarily taken place in underdeveloped countries and regions, where sanitation is a large concern for spreading disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • decrease
  • To effectively decrease the morbidity and mortality of diseases, the population should get access to water from home instead from outside. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • In earlier times, turpentine was often used for this, but modern drugs do not poison intestinal worms directly. (wikipedia.org)
  • In countries such as these, the burdens of neglected tropical diseases are often overshadowed by other public health issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • The body of the adult disease-causing agent of metagonimiasis is often described as leaf-shaped, similar to most trematodes. (wikipedia.org)
  • liver
  • Hydatic disease (aka echinococcosis) of the liver, lung, and peritoneum (caused by the larval form of the dog tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus) or of the alveoli (caused by E. multilocularis) when surgical excision is not possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • The disease causes a fifth of all infant deaths and has orphaned 200,000 children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Invasion of the apical tip of ileal enterocytes by sporozoites and merozoites causes pathology seen in the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • In livestock industry the disease causes heavy economic backlashes due to poor production of milk, meat and wool. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals
  • For example, from poverty stem problems such as lack of adequate housing, thus exposing individuals to the vectors of these diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was carried out among Orang Asli schoolchildren from Sekolah Kebangsaan Betau in Pos Betau, Pahang (200 km northeast Kuala Lumpur) to investigate the effects of vitamin A supplementation on intestinal parasitic reinfections, growth, iron status and educational achievement. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In other animals it is used to prevent and treat heartworm among other diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • In extreme situations such as in Assam, India, a number of mortality among children is attributed to this disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diseases of poverty is a term sometimes used to collectively describe diseases, disabilities, and health conditions that are more prevalent among the poor than among wealthier people. (wikipedia.org)
  • cases
  • More recent evidence supports its use against parasitic arthropods and insects: Mites such as scabies: It is usually limited to cases that prove to be resistant to topical treatments or that present in an advanced state (such as Norwegian scabies). (wikipedia.org)
  • In many cases poverty is considered the leading risk factor or determinant for such diseases, and in some cases the diseases themselves are identified as barriers to economic development that would end poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species
  • An additional study examining karyotype data on the three disease-causing agents also supported the nomination of M. miyatai as a separate species. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • The disease is common in 30 African countries, six Latin American countries, and Yemen. (wikipedia.org)
  • These diseases are common in 149 countries, affecting more than 1.4 billion people (including more than 500 million children) and costing developing economies billions of dollars every year. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • citation needed]Current best practice behaviors that prevent intestinal parasites include: using proper hand washing practices, using correctly-built latrines with ample ventilation, having a piped water source, and wearing shoes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Worrisome features include onset at greater than 50 years of age, weight loss, blood in the stool, or a family history of inflammatory bowel disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other conditions that may present similarly include celiac disease, microscopic colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, bile acid malabsorption, and colon cancer. (wikipedia.org)