• Humans
  • Other than T. gondii, the infectious organisms are canine and feline-specific and are not contagious to humans, unlike the zoonotic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is mainly used in humans in the treatment of onchocerciasis (river blindness), but is also effective against other worm infestations (such as strongyloidiasis, ascariasis, trichuriasis, filariasis and enterobiasis), and some epidermal parasitic skin diseases, including scabies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amphistomiasis or paramphistomiasis (alternatively spelled amphistomosis or paramphistomosis) is a parasitic disease of livestock animals, more commonly of cattle and sheep, and humans caused by immature helminthic flatworms belonging to the order Echinostomida. (wikipedia.org)
  • G. discoides and Watsonius watsoni are responsible for the disease in humans, while most paramphistomes are responsible in livestock animals, and some wild mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • malaria
  • These diseases are contrasted with the big three diseases (HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria), which generally receive greater treatment and research funding. (wikipedia.org)
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, the effect of these diseases as a group is comparable to malaria and tuberculosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • worm
  • Of these 20, two were targeted for eradication (dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease) by 2015 and yaws by 2020), and four for elimination (blinding trachoma, human African trypanosomiasis, leprosy and lymphatic filariasis by 2020). (wikipedia.org)
  • prevalent
  • Diseases of poverty is a term sometimes used to collectively describe diseases, disabilities, and health conditions that are more prevalent among the poor than among wealthier people. (wikipedia.org)
  • World Health Organ
  • Twenty neglected tropical diseases are prioritized by the World Health Organization (WHO), though other organizations define NTDs differently. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization recognizes the seventeen diseases below as neglected tropical diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lorenzo Savioli is a senior United Nations civil servant and the director of the Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases at the World Health Organization Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • This protocol primarily allows evaluation and treatment of patients with any intestinal parasite that requires a medical evaluation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The treatment is based upon the hypothesis that parasitic mites of the genus Demodex play a role in rosacea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amphistomiasis is considered a neglected tropical disease, with no prescription drug for treatment and control. (wikipedia.org)
  • For some parasitic diseases, there is no treatment and, in the case of serious symptoms, medication intended to kill the parasite is administered, whereas, in other cases, symptom relief options are used. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Parasitic intestinal infestations often occur in outbreaks, when several people have symptoms at the same time. (bibliocommons.com)
  • Intestinal parasites produce a variety of symptoms in those affected, most of which manifest themselves in gastrointestinal complications and general weakness. (wikipedia.org)
  • These symptoms negatively impact nutritional status, including decreased absorption of micronutrients, loss of appetite, weight loss, and intestinal blood loss that can often result in anemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Due to the wide variety of intestinal parasites, a description of the symptoms rarely is sufficient for diagnosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chagas disease does not kill victims rapidly, instead causing years of debilitating chronic symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Intestinal parasites occur in areas with poor sanitation and are most common in tropical developing countries on the African, Asian, and South American continents. (bibliocommons.com)
  • Parasitic contamination can also occur from eating raw vegetables and fruits, soil-eating behavior, and lack of available safe water. (wikipedia.org)
  • burden
  • Research aspects include the collection and study of different parasite populations, analysis of the immune responses of the host, a correlation between parasite burden in the host and disease. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • sanitation
  • The most common causes of intestinal parasites are through consumption of contaminated water, infected soil, inadequate sanitation and hygiene, and improper hygiene. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, many of the research-based interventions have primarily taken place in underdeveloped countries and regions, where sanitation is a large concern for spreading disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • genus
  • Genus Besnoitia infects cats that ingest cysts in the tissue of rodents and opossums, but usually do not cause disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • decrease
  • To effectively decrease the morbidity and mortality of diseases, the population should get access to water from home instead from outside. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was carried out among Orang Asli schoolchildren from Sekolah Kebangsaan Betau in Pos Betau, Pahang (200 km northeast Kuala Lumpur) to investigate the effects of vitamin A supplementation on intestinal parasitic reinfections, growth, iron status and educational achievement. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In other animals it is used to prevent and treat heartworm among other diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • In extreme situations such as in Assam, India, a number of mortality among children is attributed to this disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • In earlier times, turpentine was often used for this, but modern drugs do not poison intestinal worms directly. (wikipedia.org)
  • In countries such as these, the burdens of neglected tropical diseases are often overshadowed by other public health issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • The body of the adult disease-causing agent of metagonimiasis is often described as leaf-shaped, similar to most trematodes. (wikipedia.org)
  • liver
  • Hydatic disease (aka echinococcosis) of the liver, lung, and peritoneum (caused by the larval form of the dog tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus) or of the alveoli (caused by E. multilocularis) when surgical excision is not possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • stool
  • Worrisome features include onset at greater than 50 years of age, weight loss, blood in the stool, or a family history of inflammatory bowel disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • Invasion of the apical tip of ileal enterocytes by sporozoites and merozoites causes pathology seen in the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease causes a fifth of all infant deaths and has orphaned 200,000 children. (wikipedia.org)
  • In livestock industry the disease causes heavy economic backlashes due to poor production of milk, meat and wool. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals
  • For example, from poverty stem problems such as lack of adequate housing, thus exposing individuals to the vectors of these diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • poor
  • Poor hygiene habits or lacking available hygiene resources, such as hand washing facilities, also negatively impact rates of disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • cases
  • More recent evidence supports its use against parasitic arthropods and insects: Mites such as scabies: It is usually limited to cases that prove to be resistant to topical treatments or that present in an advanced state (such as Norwegian scabies). (wikipedia.org)
  • In many cases poverty is considered the leading risk factor or determinant for such diseases, and in some cases the diseases themselves are identified as barriers to economic development that would end poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species
  • An additional study examining karyotype data on the three disease-causing agents also supported the nomination of M. miyatai as a separate species. (wikipedia.org)