• NICU
  • Health care−associated infections in the NICU are a major clinical problem resulting in increased morbidity and mortality, prolonged length of hospital stays, and increased medical costs. (aappublications.org)
  • 1 , 2 In the Pediatric Prevention Network national point prevalence survey, 11.2% of NICU patients had a health care−associated infection on the day of the survey. (aappublications.org)
  • 3 Although there are no recent estimates of the cost of health care−associated infections in the NICU, Payne et al 4 estimated that health care-associated bloodstream infections added almost $100 million to the cost of treating infants with birth weights from 500 to 1499 g in 1999 dollars. (aappublications.org)
  • Because this finding represented the excess costs associated with only one type of infection in one gestational age cohort, it provides just a glimpse of the financial impact of health care−associated infections in the NICU. (aappublications.org)
  • Reducing health care−associated infections in the NICU would have benefits to infants, families, and the health care delivery system. (aappublications.org)
  • The purpose of this technical report was to review the epidemiology and diagnosis of health care-associated infections in the NICU. (aappublications.org)
  • Newborn infants hospitalized in a NICU have host factors that not only make them more vulnerable to acquisition of health care-associated infections but also increase their risk of developing more serious illnesses. (aappublications.org)
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare traditional infection control professional (ICP) surveillance for pneumonia among neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients with computerized surveillance of chest x-ray reports using an automated detection system based on a natural language processor. (neonatology.org)
  • patients
  • They are common occurrences in patients of all ages and are estimated to result in 2 million infections, 90 000 deaths, and $28 to $45 billion in excess health care costs annually. (aappublications.org)
  • While improvements in survival and processes of care have been made in high-income settings among patients with severe conditions, such as sepsis, guidelines necessary for achieving these improvements may lack applicability or have not been tested in resource-limited settings. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Patients Children admitted to a UK PICU (1 January 2004 and 31 March 2015) were identified in the Paediatric Intensive Care Audit Network dataset. (bmj.com)
  • medical
  • The prevalence of children and young people with a LLC is increasing 1 partly due to more aggressive treatment of complications and the use of medical technologies, including paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). (bmj.com)
  • families
  • There is an opportunity to integrate specialist paediatric palliative care services with paediatric critical care to enable choice around place of care for these children and families. (bmj.com)