• Biochemical
  • Mosquitoes were collected from a mining site in the north-eastern part of the country and, following identification, were subjected to extensive testing for the target-site and biochemical basis of resistance. (up.ac.za)
  • nets
  • The Ministry of Health relies heavily on insecticide treated nets and spraying to control mosquitoes. (redorbit.com)
  • The very limited insecticide arsenal available (there are still just four classes, only one of which is approved for use on bed nets) is leading to an increasing focus on resistant-management strategies, whereby the useful lifespan of an existing insecticide is enhanced by the way in which the insecticide is used. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • This poster presented at the American Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene Conference 2017 presents a study which investigated the level of personal protection provided by insecticide treated nets (ITNs) in the presence of pyrethroid resistance, which was detected in Anopheles gambiae s.s. in a carbamate-sprayed site and an unsprayed site in Uganda, by using data from repeated household surveys. (malariaconsortium.org)
  • Glunt KD, Coetzee M, Huijben S, Koffi AA, Lynch PA, N'Guessan R, Oumbouke WA, Sternberg ED, Thomas MB (2017) Empirical and theoretical investigation into the potential impacts of insecticide resistance on the effectiveness of insecticide-treated bed nets. (datadryad.org)
  • Also scientists at the Nigeria Institute of Medical Research (NIMR), Yaba, Lagos, had in June revealed that mosquitoes in 18 states in Nigeria have developed resistance to the LLIN insecticide nets, with Lagos, Ogun and Niger state having the highest incidence of cases. (nursesarena.com)
  • Aedes
  • In Brazil, Aedes aegypti resistance to temephos, used since 1967, was detected in several municipalities in 2000. (ajtmh.org)
  • Resistance of Aedes aegypti to organophosphates in several municipalities in the state of Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo, Brazil. (ajtmh.org)
  • Aedes aegypti resistance to temephos during 2001 in several municipalities in the States of Rio de Janeiro, Sergipe and Alagoas, Brazil. (ajtmh.org)
  • Quantification methodology for enzyme activity related to insecticide resistance in Aedes aegypti. (ajtmh.org)
  • pheromone
  • Advances in attractant formulations includes addition of an insecticide ingredient along with pheromone ingredients in order to attract CLM and kill the pest when it contacts the point source. (wikipedia.org)
  • susceptible
  • Several isomers were tested as insecticides or synergists for insecticides against tobacco budworms that were insecticide-susceptible or that expressed metabolic resistance to cypermethrin. (lsuagcenter.com)
  • Because the classic genetic mapping study in our previous studies cannot identify genetic transcripts differentially regulated between susceptible and resistant individuals, this renewal application will use high-throughput transcriptome analysis and population genetic approaches to determine the relationship between pyrethroid resistance at organismal level and transcription activity and gene nucleotide polymorphisms at molecular level. (grantome.com)
  • dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane
  • Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, commonly known as DDT, is a colorless, tasteless, and almost odorless crystalline chemical compound, an organochlorine, originally developed as an insecticide, and ultimately becoming infamous for its environmental impacts. (wikipedia.org)
  • insects
  • Insects with certain mutations in their sodium channel gene are resistant to DDT and similar insecticides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Information from standard tests and field studies, as well as incident reports involving other neonicotinoid insecticides (e.g., imidacloprid) suggest the potential for long term toxic risk to honey bees and other beneficial insects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacillus
  • Publications] Sarnthoy, O.: 'Cross-resistance of Bacillus thuringiensis resistant population of diamondback moth Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera : Yponomeutidae). (nii.ac.jp)
  • One gene in diamondback moth confers resistance to four Bacillus thuringiensis toxins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic mapping of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxins in diamondback moth using biphasic linkage analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • To investigate the impact of xenobiotics commonly found in the mosquito breeding sites on the resistance phenotype at both the larval and adult stage. (malariaeradication.org)
  • Though commonly used, the pesticide approach often requires multiple visits and may not always be effective due to pesticide resistance and dispersal of the bed bugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • compounds
  • Mitochondrial P-glycoprotein (Pgp) was detected in the insecticide-resistant strain of H. armigera using C219 antibodies, and its possible role was demonstrated in the efflux of xenobiotic compounds using spectrofluorometer. (springer.com)
  • curb
  • KAMPALA] The WHO has launched a strategic plan to curb the spread of insecticide-resistant mosquitoes, which have already been identified in 64 malaria -ridden countries, most of them in Sub-Saharan Africa . (scidev.net)