• unnecessary
  • This behaviour usually includes subjecting what appears to be a previously healthy child, to unnecessary painful tests or medical interventions, such as scans, x-rays and surgical procedures to gain the attention of the medical profession. (medicalkidnap.com)
  • Too often, negligent or abusive daycare workers take actions that cause the children in their care unnecessary physical harm. (hmpfmlaw.com)
  • Health
  • Professor Sir Roy Meadow was the first professional to use the term Munchausen syndrome by proxy in a paper published by The Lancet in 1977, titled The Hinterlands of Child Abuse, which he wrote whilst working for the Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Seacroft Hospital, Leeds. (medicalkidnap.com)
  • Substance abuse has come to refer to the overindulgence in and dependence of a drug or other chemical leading to effects that are very harmful to the individual's physical and mental health. (medicalhealthsites.com)