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  • body
  • Head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) are not known to be vectors of diseases, unlike body lice (Pediculus humanus humanus), which are known vectors of epidemic or louse-borne typhus (Rickettsia prowazekii), trench fever (Rochalimaea quintana) and louse-borne relapsing fever (Borrelia recurrentis). (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans are the only known host of this parasite, although it is more closely related to the louse parasites in other primate species, than are human head or body lice which probably evolved from it as the "original" louse infestation of humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • hair
  • Those of African descent rarely suffer infestation due to differences in hair texture. (wikipedia.org)
  • To diagnose infestation, the entire scalp should be combed thoroughly with a louse comb and the teeth of the comb should be examined for the presence of living lice after each time the comb passes through the hair. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pubic or crab louse (Pthirus pubis) is a parasitic insect which spends its entire life on human hair and feeds exclusively on blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • lice
  • A single application of the 10 mg/mL deltamethrin preparation was effective and safe in the treatment and in the prevention of lice infestation in these horses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Heavy infestation of sucking lice may cause anemia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Sea lice, particularly Lepeophtheirus salmonis and various Caligus species, including C. clemensi and C. rogercresseyi, can cause deadly infestations of both farm-grown and wild salmon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pediculosis may be divided into the following types: Pediculosis capitis (Head lice infestation) Pediculosis corporis (Pediculosis vestimenti, Vagabond's disease) Pediculosis pubis (Crabs) Play media Head-lice infestation is most frequent on children aged 3-10 and their families. (wikipedia.org)
  • To diagnose infestation, the entire scalp should be combed thoroughly with a louse comb and the teeth of the comb should be examined for the presence of living lice after each time the comb passes through the hair. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normally head lice infest a new host only by close contact between individuals, making social contacts among children and parent child interactions more likely routes of infestation than shared combs, brushes, towels, clothing, beds or closets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) are not known to be vectors of diseases, unlike body lice (Pediculus humanus humanus), which are known vectors of epidemic or louse-borne typhus (Rickettsia prowazekii), trench fever (Rochalimaea quintana) and louse-borne relapsing fever (Borrelia recurrentis). (wikipedia.org)
  • insects
  • They include all zoonotic diseases originated as well from animals such as wildlife, including domestic animals, insects, primates, and birds. (hindawi.com)
  • Although both acarines and insects (class Insecta) are studied in the fields of veterinary and medical parasitology, acarines are separated from insects by structure, feeding, lifecycles, and disease relations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Distinguishing acarines from insects (subphylum Hexapoda) is similarly important because the term 'insect' is often used in popular text and speech for various small crawling animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • zoonoses
  • An important number of parasitic zoonoses such as cryptosporidiosis, toxoplasmosis, and leishmaniasis have gained importance as human pathogens due to their ability to cause disease in patients with immune suppression due to HIV or by environmental changes. (hindawi.com)
  • Zoonotic diseases bring together researchers and policy-makers by providing a venue for publishing integrated and global approaches to zoonoses and public health. (hindawi.com)
  • helminth
  • The Animal Production Unit has started the search of possible SNP sites in both genes, with the main objective of obtaining markers to be used as tool in breeding strategies to obtain populations of small ruminants that are more tolerant to helminth infection. (iaea.org)
  • In addition, members of the Animal Production Unit and Section are collaborating with researchers from the United States Department of Agriculture, the International Livestock Research Institute and the University of San Paulo on a genome scan of a cross between Dorper and Red Massai sheep to develop genetic markers for helminth resistance. (iaea.org)
  • worms
  • An internal (or endoparasitic) infestation is a condition in which organisms live within the host and includes those involving worms (though swimmer's itch stays near the surface). (wikipedia.org)
  • Flies have the potential to spread diseases such as parasitic worms, cholera, and salmonella. (etaac.org)
  • In extreme cases of intestinal infestation, the mass and volume of the worms may cause the outer layers of the intestinal wall, such as the muscular layer, to tear. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • Atopy is a hereditary and chronic (lifelong) allergic skin disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • And this list includes a number of serious, chronic diseases for which there is no known cure. (cowleys.com)
  • Chronic infestations lead to thickening of the skin by overproduction of epidermal cells (acanthosis), resulting in a characteristic depilated and scaly appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • organs
  • Feeding by adult flies on the blood of their hosts exposes the hosts to pathogenic organisms that are infecting the fly, this can lead to acute disease of the host's blood and other organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mites of domestic animals cause important types of skin disease, and some mites infest other organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • skin
  • Skin disease may result from deficiency or overactivity of immune responses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Underlying inciting causes include flea allergy dermatitis, ear disease or other allergic skin diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is more often a winter or early spring skin disease favored by long hair coat and animal promiscuity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Mange /ˈmeɪndʒ/ is a type of skin diseases caused by parasitic mites. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sulfurated lime (a mixture of calcium polysulfides) rinses applied weekly or biweekly are effective (the concentrated form for use on plants as a fungicide must be diluted 1:16 or 1:32 for use on animal skin). (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnosis of mite infestations can be difficult because of the small size of most mites, but understanding how mites are adapted to feed within to the structure of the skin is useful. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infestation of the outer skin is typically caused by psoroptic mites. (wikipedia.org)
  • The skin loses its hair at the sites of infestation and large flakes of dried serum and cells accumulate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Selamectin is available as a once-a-month preparation that can be applied to the animal's skin, which prevents mite infestation over that time. (wikipedia.org)
  • A topical preparation of 0.01% ivermectin (Acarexx) can be used directly as an oil in cat ears, and the related new generation drug selamectin (brand name "Revolution") is available as a once-per-month skin treatment for both dogs and cats, which will prevent new mite infestation as well as a number of other parasitic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease produces intense, itchy skin rashes when the impregnated female tunnels into the stratum corneum of the skin and deposits eggs in the burrow. (wikipedia.org)
  • hosts
  • There are six major parasitic strategies of exploitation of animal hosts, namely parasitic castration , directly transmitted parasitism (by contact), trophically transmitted parasitism (by being eaten), vector -transmitted parasitism, parasitoidism , and micropredation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In animal and human hosts, infestation by Thelazia may be asymptomatic, though it frequently causes watery eyes (epiphora), conjunctivitis, corneal opacity, or corneal ulcers (ulcerative keratitis). (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnostic
  • The burrow tracks are often linear, to the point that a neat "line" of four or more closely placed and equally developed mosquito-like "bites" is almost diagnostic of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacterial
  • Enteric redmouth disease is a bacterial infection of freshwater and marine fish caused by the pathogen Yersinia ruckeri. (wikipedia.org)
  • Psoroptes
  • Psoroptes ovis infests sheep worldwide and can be a serious welfare and animal production problem, mainly for sheep, but also cattle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chorioptes bovis infestations are found on cattle, sheep and horses but do not cause the severe reactions associated with Psoroptes mites. (wikipedia.org)
  • ivermectin
  • Ivermectin is contraindicated in children under the age of five, or those who weigh less than 15 kilograms (33 pounds) and those who are breastfeeding, and have a liver or kidney disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • cysts
  • The fish responds by walling off the parasitic infection into a number of cysts that contain milky fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • I have previously examined smoked chum salmon sides that were riddled with cysts and some sockeye runs in Barkley Sound (southern B.C., west coast of Vancouver Island) are noted for their high incidence of infestation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various protists and Myxosporea are also parasitic on gills, where they form cysts. (wikipedia.org)
  • larvae
  • Life-cycle is a complete metamorphosis with larvae that are non-parasitic, living in environments such as pools of water, soil, streams. (wikipedia.org)
  • infect
  • Since mites also infect plants, birds, and reptiles, the term "mange", suggesting poor condition of the hairy coat due to the infection, is sometimes reserved only for pathological mite-infestation of nonhuman mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • flies
  • This article provides an overview of parasitic flies from a veterinary perspective, with emphasis on the disease causing relationships between these flies and their host animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disease caused by the feeding activity of the flies is described here under Parasitic disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you have a fly infestation in your home, you'll need professional fly pest control to get rid of the flies completely. (etaac.org)
  • flies are unlikely to invade if you live in a subzero climate, but warmer weather makes it easier for them to reproduce and live happily in your kitchen and bathroom, which further grows your fly infestation problem. (etaac.org)
  • sheep
  • For example, several breeds of are sheep known to have some degree of enhanced resistance and show superior growth compared to other breeds in environments where animals are exposed to helminths. (iaea.org)
  • Studies of the genetics of sheep have shown that it is possible to identify whether sheep are resistant or susceptible to scrapie, an incurable degenerative disease affecting the central nervous system of small ruminants. (iaea.org)
  • This sub-clinical stage can last for several weeks during which animals can act as a source of infection for other sheep. (farminglife.com)
  • typically
  • Heartworm infection may result in serious disease for the host, with death typically as the result of congestive heart failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • environments
  • In recent times, there have been a number of factors that has led to the development of more unhygienic and dirty environments for a fly infestation in Arkansas to grow and adapt within. (etaac.org)
  • common
  • I do vaccinate the animals against common diseases -- my farm is in a major flightway for wild waterbirds and it's surrounded by essentially wild land, so I vaccinate the livestock and farm dogs and myself as a precaution, but I've resisted the use of antibiotics as much as I can. (blogspot.com)
  • A common bug problem in the home is the horrible fly infestation. (etaac.org)
  • Pemphigus foliaceus is the most common autoimmune disease of the dog. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease is common in 30 African countries, six Latin American countries, and Yemen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Otedectes cynotis infestations on the outer ear of dogs are a common problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common are monogeneans and certain groups of parasitic copepods, which can be extremely numerous. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various livestock and wildlife surveys suggest that thelaziasis is quite common among animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • However, there are other diseases that can be transferred if you or a family member comes into contact with raccoon urine and feces. (cowleys.com)
  • The mite plays an important part in the disease, however, by preparing the ground for the invasion of the bacterium by dilating the follicles and sweat-glands, and possibly also carries and introduces the germ. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, adults often reside in the pulmonary arterial system (lung arteries), as well as the heart, and a major effect on the health for the animal is a manifestation of damage to the lung vessels and tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, Aldrovandi - and before him Konrad Gesner - thought that rangifer and tarandus were two separate animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, as opposed to whirling disease, the Henneguya infestation does not appear to cause significant incapacitation of the host salmon - even heavily infected fish tend to return to spawn successfully. (wikipedia.org)
  • However disease in fish is not understood well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Only a small proportion of those treated, however, may have objective evidence of an extant infestation. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • Head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) are not known to be vectors of diseases, unlike body lice (Pediculus humanus humanus), which are known vectors of epidemic or louse-borne typhus (Rickettsia prowazekii), trench fever (Rochalimaea quintana) and louse-borne relapsing fever (Borrelia recurrentis). (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans are the only known host of this parasite, although it is more closely related to the louse parasites in other primate species, than are human head or body lice which probably evolved from it as the "original" louse infestation of humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • hair
  • Those of African descent rarely suffer infestation due to differences in hair texture. (wikipedia.org)
  • To diagnose infestation, the entire scalp should be combed thoroughly with a louse comb and the teeth of the comb should be examined for the presence of living lice after each time the comb passes through the hair. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pubic or crab louse (Pthirus pubis) is a parasitic insect which spends its entire life on human hair and feeds exclusively on blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • parasite
  • White spot disease is caused by a parasite from the group of the ciliates which can be killed off quickly and safely. (jbl.de)
  • The etiology is generally not known with some notable exceptions such as those associated with infestations with the parasite Spirocerca lupi , those induced by the feline sarcoma virus and those thought to be associated with feline vaccinations (Vaccine Associated Sarcomas, VAS). (vin.com)
  • Companion Animal Parasite Council 2012 James 2010, p. 213. (wikipedia.org)
  • Companion Animal Parasite Council. (wikipedia.org)
  • U.S. National Animal Parasite Collection Records (Contains historical information on parasitology research at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center from 1886 through the 1980s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fascioloides magna is essentially of North American origin but the parasite was introduced into Europe with imported game animals at the second half of the 19th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • The story revolves around five humans: Jake, Marco, Cassie, Rachel and Tobias, and one alien, Aximili-Esgarrouth-Isthill (nicknamed Ax), who obtain the ability to transform into any animal they touch. (wikipedia.org)
  • frequent
  • We are going to give you an outline of the most frequent diseases in the aquarium. (jbl.de)
  • Simian HTLV-1 genotypes are interspersed in between the human genotypes indicating frequent animal-human and human-animal transmission. (wikipedia.org)
  • These developments are usually characterized by a whistling sound when the animal breathes, frequent sneezing, or a deep, wheezing cough. (wikipedia.org)
  • notable
  • He was notable for working on a campaign against hookworm infestation in the American South, where it had been found to cause high rates of anemia, a debilitating disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • cats
  • Each year, 3 million to 4 million dogs and cats are euthanized in animal shelters, according to the Humane Society of the United States. (mybaysidevet.com)
  • This is seen in cats, and is the proposed cause for feline ischemic encephalopathy and a suggestive causative agent of feline idiopathic vestibular disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • In an interview with Publishers Weekly, Applegate talked about the source of inspiration and realization for the Animorphs series: "I grew up loving animals and lived with the usual suburban menagerie of dogs, cats and gerbils", she said. (wikipedia.org)
  • Breeds
  • Breeds of various domesticated animals were created and modified for the added purpose of exhibition, a departure from the breeds that had been created solely for food, fur, or wool. (wikipedia.org)
  • sometimes
  • The disease can also be traced back to a ciliate which carries the name cryptocaryon (sometimes also written cryptocarion). (jbl.de)
  • host
  • It goes through two parasitic stages, one where it parasitizes as a secondary host a flounder or lumpsucker, and another stage where it parasitizes as a primary host a cod or other fishes of the cod family (gadoids). (wikipedia.org)
  • these include genes whose products mediate the hookworm's invasion of the human host, genes involved in blood feeding and development, genes encoding proteins that represent new potential drug targets against hookworms, and expanded gene families encoding likely immunomodulator proteins, whose products may be beneficial in treating inflammatory diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Naming themselves "Animorphs" (a portmanteau of "animal morphers"), they use their ability to battle a secret alien infiltration of Earth by a parasitic race of aliens resembling large slugs called Yeerks, that can take any living creatures as a host by entering and merging with their brain through the ear canal. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • An international research team, including University of Minnesota researcher Craig Packer, has found the first clear example of how climate extremes, such as the increased frequency of droughts and floods expected with global warming, can create conditions in which diseases that are tolerated individually may converge and cause mass die-offs of livestock or wildlife. (innovations-report.com)
  • similar
  • This is similar to pollination in that the plant produces food resources (for example, fleshy fruit, overabundance of seeds) for animals that disperse the seeds (service). (wikipedia.org)
  • Healthy
  • According to the Integrated Pest Management Information Network from North Carolina State University, "Healthy animals are best able to withstand and, to some extent, avoid infestation. (catster.com)
  • What's worse is these are not the offspring of homeless "street" animals - these are healthy, sweet pets who would have made great companions. (mybaysidevet.com)
  • water
  • Allthough the white spot disease in marine water completely resembles the white spot disease in freshwater, it is a different pathogen. (jbl.de)
  • To combat the diseases permanently not only the right remedy but also an improvement of the water quality is necessary. (jbl.de)
  • health
  • Raymond F. Bednar, a former director of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) in New York, recalled that Ramsay "always saw the new pest coming down the pike. (wikipedia.org)
  • He also worked as a zoologist for the U.S. government at the Bureau of Animal Industry in the Department of Agriculture (1891-1902), and was later chief zoologist at the Hygienic Laboratory of the US Public Health and Marine Hospital Service (1902-1931). (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • However, anyone who travels frequently and shares living and sleeping quarters where other people have previously slept has a higher risk of being bitten and or spreading a bed bug infestation. (floydcoia.org)
  • fish
  • About 90 % of all fish diseases can be put down to a weakening of the fish's immune system. (jbl.de)
  • The disease can be stopped quickly and the fish is able to completely regenerate the body parts affected. (jbl.de)
  • plant disease
  • This may be done to open up the interior of a plant to let more light in and to increase air circulation that can cut down on plant disease. (backyardgardener.com)
  • With that directive in mind, Department staff addressed our responsibilities with respect to animal and plant disease, food safety, kosher law enforcement, weights and measures, food and pesticide laboratory data, gasoline octane testing and milk control. (ny.gov)
  • body
  • One of the easiest ways to identify a bed bug infestation is by the tell-tale bite marks on the face, neck, arms, hands, or any other body parts while sleeping. (floydcoia.org)
  • These two diseases can be recognised by the fraying, rotting off and later by the complete loss of body parts through this unpleasant looking disease. (jbl.de)