• Centers for Diseas
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although LD is now the most common arthropod-borne illness in the U.S. (more than 150,000 cases have been reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] since 1982), its diagnosis and treatment can be challenging for clinicians due to its diverse manifestations and the limitations of currently available serological (blood) tests. (aldf.com)
  • Of cases reported to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the rate of Lyme disease infection is 7.9 cases for every 100,000 persons. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurological
  • Can microbes and immune reactions to them actually contribute to cognitive decline, degenerative neurological disease, developmental disabilities, mental illness, personality changes and, at the most extreme, even violent and criminal behavior? (psychologytoday.com)
  • Although most patients with Lyme/tick-borne disease do not become violent, a small percent of patients who become infected develop a type of neurological dysfunction that can increase their risk of aggressiveness. (psychologytoday.com)
  • The aim of this retrospective study was to define the pivotal neurological deficits in patients with neuroborreliosis that were the reason for admission in a hospital. (biomedcentral.com)
  • ALS is a motor neuron disease, also spelled "motor neurone disease", which is a group of neurological disorders that selectively affect motor neurons, the cells that control voluntary muscles of the body, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), primary lateral sclerosis, progressive muscular atrophy, progressive bulbar palsy, pseudobulbar palsy, and spinal muscular atrophy. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • In Europe and Asia, the bacteria Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii are also causes of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typhus Several diseases caused by Rickettsia bacteria (below) Rocky Mountain spotted fever Organism: Rickettsia rickettsii Vector: Wood tick (Dermacentor variabilis), D. andersoni Region (US): East, Southwest Vector: Amblyomma cajennense Region (Brazil): São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spirochetes are a unique species of bacteria that also cause syphilis , Lyme disease , and leptospirosis . (medscape.com)
  • It is the bacteria?s ability to exit the blood stream, hide, and survive that makes Lyme disease so difficult to detect with any one test. (borrelioosi.net)
  • Thirteen distinct genomic classifications of Lyme disease bacteria have been identified worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Doxycycline kills the symbiotic Wolbachia bacteria in the reproductive tracts of parasitic filarial nematodes, making the nematodes sterile, and thus reducing transmission of diseases such as onchocerciasis and elephantiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotics
  • In the US, neuroborreliosis is typically treated with intravenous antibiotics which cross the blood-brain barrier, such as penicillins, ceftriaxone, or cefotaxime. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, about 10-15% of patients with Lyme arthritis fail the initial course of antibiotics, and some of those develop a chronic inflammatory arthritis optimally treated with local or systemic immunosuppressive agents. (springer.com)
  • 11 In contrast, if the SF-36 was used to determine Quality of Life (QOL) in post-Lyme patients, the average SF-36 physical component summary (40±9, range 29-44) and mental component summary (39±14, range 23-46) of the QOL assessment were worse than the general USA population, and they could be significantly improved by anti-Lyme antibiotics (46% versus 18%, p =0.007). (blogspot.com)
  • His clinical work has involved advising upon infectious disease for cardiac transplant patients, advising on antibiotics and their use, teaching at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and becoming involved in clinical research associated with these fields. (lymediseaseaction.org.uk)
  • antibodies
  • The invention is also directed to a method of diagnosing Lyme disease by detecting the antigens in a biological sample taken from a host using the antibodies in conventional immunoassay formats. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Neurology
  • The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) published a practice parameter in 2001 stating that steroids are probably effective and acyclovir (with prednisone) is possibly effective for the treatment of Bell palsy. (medscape.com)
  • ELISA
  • the components in each fraction were identified, and the immunogenicity of each fraction was determined by ELISA using sera from Lyme disease patients. (borrelioosi.net)
  • Africa
  • The disease is rarely detected in northern Africa and Mediterranean countries ( 3 , 6 , 7 ). (cdc.gov)
  • With so many vectors, the underlying assumption behind this checklist is that Lyme is not rare in North America, Europe, South America, Russia, Africa or Asia. (lymebook.com)
  • 2016
  • Lyme Disease Differential Diagnoses: Diagnostic Considerations Updated: Mar 14, 2016 CDC Two-step Laboratory Testing Process Page last reviewed: March 4, 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • endemic
  • This might be due to the very low incidence in an endemic region (0.2%, CI 95% 0.0% to 1.1%) as demonstrated in 517 patients hospitalized for psychiatric diseases. (blogspot.com)
  • Lyme disease is most endemic in Northern Hemisphere temperate regions, but sporadic cases have been described in other areas of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • juvenile
  • Orczyk K, Swidrowska-Jaros J, Smolewska E. When a patient suspected with juvenile idiopathic arthritis turns out to be diagnosed with an infectious disease - a review of Lyme arthritis in children. (springer.com)
  • antibiotic
  • When interpreting immunodiagnostic test results it has to be considered that there are a lot of variability as the phenotype characteristics of borrelia, different antigenic structures, different geographical distribution, phase varies in duration of the disease, characteristics of individual immune responses, presence of other diseases as well as the applied antibiotic treatment, which all can affect the outcome. (md-medicaldata.com)
  • epidemic
  • Lyme arthritis: an epidemic of oligoarticular arthritis in children and adults in three connecticut communities. (springer.com)
  • stages
  • The disease course proceeds through three stages. (upmc.edu)
  • Blood tests are often negative in the early stages of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • LD manifests itself as a multisystem inflammatory disease that affects the skin in its early, localized stage, and spreads to the joints, nervous system and, to a lesser extent, other organ systems in its later, disseminated stages. (aldf.com)
  • immune
  • However, the increased permeability of the blood brain barrier and the oligoclonal band bridging (immune complex formation) favor an infectious process over a demyelinating process. (upmc.edu)