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  • Centers for Diseas
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although LD is now the most common arthropod-borne illness in the U.S. (more than 150,000 cases have been reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] since 1982), its diagnosis and treatment can be challenging for clinicians due to its diverse manifestations and the limitations of currently available serological (blood) tests. (aldf.com)
  • Of cases reported to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the rate of Lyme disease infection is 7.9 cases for every 100,000 persons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alzheimer's
  • They include: Alzheimer's disease Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis Viral meningitis Multiple sclerosis Bell's palsy Neuroborreliosis presenting with symptoms consistent with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis has been described. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common dementia in the elderly, continues to increase, neurologists will encounter a growing number of questions about genetic testing for dementia patients, their relatives, and people concerned about memory or cognitive function who have no apparent risk except advancing age. (medreviews.com)
  • neurological
  • Can microbes and immune reactions to them actually contribute to cognitive decline, degenerative neurological disease, developmental disabilities, mental illness, personality changes and, at the most extreme, even violent and criminal behavior? (psychologytoday.com)
  • Although most patients with Lyme/tick-borne disease do not become violent, a small percent of patients who become infected develop a type of neurological dysfunction that can increase their risk of aggressiveness. (psychologytoday.com)
  • The aim of this retrospective study was to define the pivotal neurological deficits in patients with neuroborreliosis that were the reason for admission in a hospital. (biomedcentral.com)
  • ALS is a motor neuron disease, also spelled "motor neurone disease", which is a group of neurological disorders that selectively affect motor neurons, the cells that control voluntary muscles of the body, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), primary lateral sclerosis, progressive muscular atrophy, progressive bulbar palsy, pseudobulbar palsy, and spinal muscular atrophy. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotics
  • In the US, neuroborreliosis is typically treated with intravenous antibiotics which cross the blood-brain barrier, such as penicillins, ceftriaxone, or cefotaxime. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, about 10-15% of patients with Lyme arthritis fail the initial course of antibiotics, and some of those develop a chronic inflammatory arthritis optimally treated with local or systemic immunosuppressive agents. (springer.com)
  • 11 In contrast, if the SF-36 was used to determine Quality of Life (QOL) in post-Lyme patients, the average SF-36 physical component summary (40±9, range 29-44) and mental component summary (39±14, range 23-46) of the QOL assessment were worse than the general USA population, and they could be significantly improved by anti-Lyme antibiotics (46% versus 18%, p =0.007). (blogspot.com)
  • His clinical work has involved advising upon infectious disease for cardiac transplant patients, advising on antibiotics and their use, teaching at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and becoming involved in clinical research associated with these fields. (lymediseaseaction.org.uk)
  • 1975
  • Lyme disease was diagnosed as a separate condition for the first time in 1975 in Old Lyme, Connecticut. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was first identified in 1975 in the town of Old Lyme, CT after an outbreak of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. (davidson.edu)
  • systemic
  • In the first part of this review we considered neurodegenerative and neurobehavioural diseases and the findings that these diseases commonly are associated with systemic and central nervous system bacterial and viral infections. (blogspot.com)
  • antibiotic treatment
  • When interpreting immunodiagnostic test results it has to be considered that there are a lot of variability as the phenotype characteristics of borrelia, different antigenic structures, different geographical distribution, phase varies in duration of the disease, characteristics of individual immune responses, presence of other diseases as well as the applied antibiotic treatment, which all can affect the outcome. (md-medicaldata.com)
  • Neurology
  • The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) published a practice parameter in 2001 stating that steroids are probably effective and acyclovir (with prednisone) is possibly effective for the treatment of Bell palsy. (medscape.com)
  • multisystem
  • LD manifests itself as a multisystem inflammatory disease that affects the skin in its early, localized stage, and spreads to the joints, nervous system and, to a lesser extent, other organ systems in its later, disseminated stages. (aldf.com)
  • rash
  • this rash occurs in 75% of patients infected with Lyme disease and tends to resolve from the inside-out, leaving a bull's eye mark on the skin (Frey 2002). (davidson.edu)
  • ELISA
  • the components in each fraction were identified, and the immunogenicity of each fraction was determined by ELISA using sera from Lyme disease patients. (borrelioosi.net)
  • Africa
  • The disease is rarely detected in northern Africa and Mediterranean countries ( 3 , 6 , 7 ). (cdc.gov)
  • With so many vectors, the underlying assumption behind this checklist is that Lyme is not rare in North America, Europe, South America, Russia, Africa or Asia. (lymebook.com)
  • arthritis
  • Lyme arthritis: an epidemic of oligoarticular arthritis in children and adults in three connecticut communities. (springer.com)
  • Orczyk K, Swidrowska-Jaros J, Smolewska E. When a patient suspected with juvenile idiopathic arthritis turns out to be diagnosed with an infectious disease - a review of Lyme arthritis in children. (springer.com)
  • 2016
  • Lyme Disease Differential Diagnoses: Diagnostic Considerations Updated: Mar 14, 2016 CDC Two-step Laboratory Testing Process Page last reviewed: March 4, 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • progression
  • The onset of neuroborreliosis is usually subacute with progression over weeks. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Generally, LD in its later stages can also be treated effectively, but because the rate of disease progression and individual response to treatment varies from one patient to the next, some patients may have symptoms that linger for months or even years following treatment. (aldf.com)
  • fever
  • Typhus Several diseases caused by Rickettsia bacteria (below) Rocky Mountain spotted fever Organism: Rickettsia rickettsii Vector: Wood tick (Dermacentor variabilis), D. andersoni Region (US): East, Southwest Vector: Amblyomma cajennense Region (Brazil): São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is also effective against Yersinia pestis (the infectious agent of bubonic plague), and is prescribed for the treatment of Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • Doxycycline
  • Doxycycline kills the symbiotic Wolbachia bacteria in the reproductive tracts of parasitic filarial nematodes, making the nematodes sterile, and thus reducing transmission of diseases such as onchocerciasis and elephantiasis. (wikipedia.org)