• LENTIVIRUS INFECTIONS
  • In 2008, discovery of an endogenous lentivirus in a prosimian (proto-monkey) primate, the gray mouse lemur native to Madagascar, pushed the origin of SIV-like lentivirus infections in primates back to at least 14 Ma, the last time there was intermingling of mammals between the island of Madagascar and the African mainland, if the infection is attributed to horizontal transmission between homologous hosts. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • There is no genetic susceptibility for infection, although genetics may play a role in the progression and severity of the disease. (petmd.com)
  • Despite much success of anti-retroviral therapy slowing disease progression in people, similar therapy has not been thoroughly investigated in cats. (mdpi.com)
  • Dental disease is a problem for cats of all ages, especially older ones, and ven lead to much greater health problems than a cavity to fill here and there. (ktre.com)
  • This disease suppresses the immune system, making the cat susceptible to different infections and diseases. (vetinfo.com)
  • FIV is not spread by casual contact between cats (by sharing food and water bowls or litter pans, by airborne germs or by mutual grooming) it is unusual for cats in the same household to spread the disease to each other unless they fight. (blogspot.com)
  • FIV infection progresses slowly, with a long interval between initial exposure and the onset of signs of the disease. (blogspot.com)
  • Examples may include: Reactive: acute infection (e.g., bacterial, or viral), or chronic infections (tuberculous lymphadenitis, cat-scratch disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • Plasma cell variant of Castleman's disease - associated with HHV-8 infection and HIV infection Mesenteric lymphadenitis after viral systemic infection (particularly in the GALT in the appendix) can commonly present like appendicitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Less common infectious causes of lymphadenopathy may include bacterial infections such as cat scratch disease, tularemia, brucellosis, or prevotella. (wikipedia.org)
  • FIV+ cats can share water bowls, pellet bowls, eat from the same bowl of wet food, and use the same litter box without the danger of transmitting the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low levels of CD4+ and other affected immune system cells cause the cat to be susceptible to opportunistic diseases once the disease progresses to feline acquired immune deficiency syndrome (FAIDS). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cat-scratch disease is due to an infection by B. henselae and manifests as gradual regional lymph nodes enlargement (axilla, groin, neck) which may last 2-3 months or longer and a distal scratch and/or red-brown skin papule (not always seen at the time of the disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • Familial renal disease is inherited in Abyssinians and Persians Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Heart valve dysplasia Heterochromia Luxating patella Portosystemic shunt. (wikipedia.org)
  • Feline asthma Flat-chested kitten syndrome Feline hepatic lipidosis also known as Feline Fatty Liver Syndrome, is one of the most common forms of liver disease of cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease begins when the cat stops eating from a loss of appetite, forcing the liver to convert body fat into usable energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Feline lower urinary tract disease is a term that is used to cover many problems of the feline urinary tract, including stones and cystitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a common disease in adult cats, though it can strike in young cats too. (wikipedia.org)
  • Feline odontoclastic resorptive lesion Feline spongiform encephalopathy IBD - Intestinal Bowel Disease causes frequent vomiting and weight loss in cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • illnesses
  • It is the onset of these illnesses that may be the first indication a cat is immunosuppressed, thus raising suspicions of an underlying retroviral infection. (blogspot.com)
  • Transmission
  • Because the main method of transmission is biting, many veterinarians recommend keeping your cat indoors, especially if your cat is infected with FIV. (crittercures.com)
  • Considering that bites are the primary mode of transmission, it is not surprising that cats at greatest risk of FIV infection are outdoor, adult males who are most likely to engage in aggressive fights over territory. (blogspot.com)
  • Unless a FIV+ cat has bleeding gums and bites a FIV- cat so deeply, that the skin is severed and the blood stream reached by a drop of blood, there is no chance of transmission. (wikipedia.org)
  • Flea
  • Feline acne Feline eosinophilic granuloma Flea allergy dermatitis Hyperthyroidism Miliary dermatitis (feline eczema) Mange Nutritional skin disorders Bladder cancer Bone cancer Intestinal cancer Liver cancer Lymphoma in animals Mammary tumor Mast cell tumor Nose cancer Skin cancer Soft tissue sarcoma Stomach cancer Anal sacs impaction Cerebellar hypoplasia is a disorder found in cats and dogs in which the cerebellum is not completely mature at birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • As a result of immunodeficiency, most infected cats do not show symptoms and have normal life expectancy, however they are prone to developing other infections and certain types of cancer. (petmd.com)
  • Separate any new cat from your other cats for at least three weeks until you are sure your newcomer doesn't have any symptoms of a URI. (ktre.com)
  • But if your cat does come down with cold-like symptoms, contact your veterinarian right away. (ktre.com)
  • Once the cat is infected with HIV, there will be no immediate symptoms. (vetinfo.com)
  • If your cat has been infected with FIV, you'll need to visit a veterinarian and work out a program to control the symptoms of the illness. (crittercures.com)
  • Cats diagnosed with FIV infection may remain free of symptoms for years. (blogspot.com)
  • cat's
  • leading to a decrease in white blood cells, which can compromise the cat's ability to fight off infections. (hubpages.com)
  • The Feliway Diffuser emits a synthetic copy of your cat's natural facial pheromone, used by felines to mark their territory as a place that is safe and secure. (hubpages.com)
  • Fever
  • In the acute phase (also known as Oroya fever or fiebre de la Oroya), B. bacilliformis infection is a sudden, potentially life-threatening infection associated with high fever and decreased levels of circulating red blood cells (i.e., hemolytic anemia)and transient immunosuppression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trench fever, also known as five-day fever or quintan fever, is the initial manifestation of B. quintana infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • fights
  • Indoor cats are not exposed to a lot of diseases and cat fights, and will have a higher life expectancy. (vetinfo.com)
  • Most FIV-positive cats have a history of cat fights and bite-wound abscesses. (blogspot.com)
  • bacillary
  • Infection with B. henselae can result in a focal suppurative reaction (CSD in immunocompetent patients), a multifocal angioproliferative response (bacillary angiomatosis in immunocompromised patients), endocarditis, or meningitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • rabies
  • All cats, even indoor cats, should be vaccinated against rabies, which is now seen more commonly in cats than in any other domestic animal. (ktre.com)
  • If your cat bites anyone, you may need to show proof of rabies vaccination. (ktre.com)
  • Prevent rabies through vaccination and by keeping your cat inside. (ktre.com)
  • In the United States, cats make up 4.6% of reported cases of rabies infected animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • indoors
  • To prevent your cat from getting infected in the first place, you should consider keeping him indoors. (vetinfo.com)
  • known
  • However, small is well known about the length, magnitude, and system(s) from the vaccine safety against additional subtype and recombinant infections aswell as the malware tiers predicated on malware neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) as referred to for HIV-1 . (healthyfutureforkids.com)
  • diseases
  • Most of these diseases can spread from cat to cat via airborne pathogens or through direct or indirect contact, while others require a vector such as a tick or mosquito. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viral diseases in cats can be serious, especially in catteries and kennels. (wikipedia.org)
  • henselae
  • B. henselae is most often transmitted through a cat scratch or bite, though ticks and fleas may also act as vectors. (wikipedia.org)